Skip Headers
Oracle® OLAP DML Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)

Part Number E17122-05
Go to Documentation Home
Home
Go to Book List
Book List
Go to Table of Contents
Contents
Go to Index
Index
Go to Master Index
Master Index
Go to Feedback page
Contact Us

Go to previous page
Previous
Go to next page
Next
View PDF

MODTRACE

The MODTRACE option controls whether each equation in a model is recorded in a file during execution of the model. MODTRACE is used primarily as a debugging tool to uncover problems by tracing the execution of a model.

Tip:

The INFO function lets you obtain specific items of information about the structure of the compiled model and the solution status of a model you have run. See INFO (MODEL).

Data Type

BOOLEAN

Syntax

MODTRACE = {YES|NO}

Parameters

YES

Oracle OLAP sends the text of each model equation to the current outfile before calculating the model equation, and then sends the results of the calculation to the current outfile.

When you have used a DBGOUTFILE statement to specify a debugging file, Oracle OLAP sends MODTRACE output to the debugging file instead of the current outfile.

NO

(Default) Oracle OLAP does not send the text of model equations and results to a file while a model executes.

Usage Notes

Previewing the Solution Order

MODTRACE sends the equations of a model to the current outfile in the order in which they are being solved. Before you run the model, you might want to use the MODEL.COMPRPT program to get a preview of the solution order. A preview can be especially helpful when the model is large and complex. The MODEL.COMPRPT program, which you can run after compiling a model, produces a report that shows how the compiler has organized the model equations into blocks and the order in which the blocks and equations are solved.

Understanding Trace Information

MODTRACE shows the name of the current model on each line of the trace. The trace includes the following types of lines.



Using MODTRACE with Dimension-Based Equations

When you run a model that contains dimension-based equations, Oracle OLAP automatically loops over all the dimensions of the solution variable. In the trace, the results lines show the current value of each dimension listed in a DIMENSION statement, but they do not show the current values of extra dimensions that are not listed in DIMENSION statement. See DIMENSION (in models) for more information about using DIMENSION statements.

Thus, when the model dimensions are line and month, and when the solution variable is dimensioned by line, month, and division, the current value of division is not shown in the results lines. Oracle OLAP executes the entire model for the first value in the status of division, then for the second value in the status, and so on.

When you run a model that assigns values to variables, Oracle OLAP automatically loops over all the dimensions (or bases of a composite) of those variables. In this case, the current value of each of the variable's dimensions is shown in the trace.

Examples

Example 5-63 Debugging a Model with MODTRACE

The following statements define a model named income.budget.

DEFINE income.budget MODEL
LD Model for estimating budget items
MODEL
DIMENSION line month
Opr.Income = Gross.Margin - Marketing
Gross.Margin = Revenue - Cogs
Revenue = LAG(Revenue, 1, month) * 1.02
Cogs = LAG(Cogs, 1, month) * 1.01
Marketing = LAG(Opr.Income, 1, month) * 0.20
END

This model estimates budget line items on an income statement. The model equations are based on a line dimension. The following statements compile the model and run the MODEL.COMPRPT program.

COMPILE income.budget
MODEL.COMPRPT income.budget

The MODEL.COMPRPT statement produces the following compilation report.

MODEL INCOME.BUDGET <LINE MONTH>
                   BLOCK 1 (SIMPLE)
INCOME.BUDGET  4:  revenue = lag(revenue, 1, month) * 1.02
INCOME.BUDGET  5:  cogs = lag(cogs, 1, month) * 1.01
INCOME.BUDGET  3:  gross.margin = revenue - cogs
                    BLOCK 2 (STEP-FORWARD <MONTH>)
INCOME.BUDGET  6:   marketing = lag(opr.income, 1, month) * 0.20
INCOME.BUDGET  2:   opr.income = gross.margin - marketing
                    END BLOCK 2
                   END BLOCK 1

When you want to debug this model, you can trace its execution, line by line, by turning on MODTRACE before running the model.

The following statements limit dimensions, specify tracing, and run the model.

LIMIT month TO 'Jan97' TO 'Mar97'
LIMIT division TO 'Camping'
MODTRACE = YES
income.budget budget

These statements produce the following line-by-line results.

(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) BLOCK 1: SIMPLE 
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) revenue = lag(revenue, 1, month) * 1.02
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) BUDGET (LINE REVENUE MONTH 'JAN97') = 744491.1966
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) BUDGET (LINE REVENUE MONTH 'FEB97') = 759381.020532
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) BUDGET (LINE REVENUE MONTH 'MAR97') = 774568.64094264
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) cogs = lag(cogs, 1, month) * 1.01
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) BUDGET (LINE COGS MONTH 'JAN97') = 382386.2323
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) BUDGET (LINE COGS MONTH 'FEB97') = 386210.094623
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) BUDGET (LINE COGS MONTH 'MAR97') = 390072.19556923
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) gross.margin = revenue - cogs
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) BUDGET (LINE GROSS.MARGIN MONTH 'JAN97') = 362104.9643
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) BUDGET (LINE GROSS.MARGIN MONTH 'FEB97') = 373170.925909
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) BUDGET (LINE GROSS.MARGIN MONTH 'MAR97') = 384496.44537341
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) BLOCK 2 STEP-FORWARD <MONTH>
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) marketing = lag(opr.income, 1, month) * 0.20
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) BUDGET (LINE MARKETING MONTH 'JAN97') = 39938.192
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) opr.income = gross.margin - marketing
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) BUDGET (LINE OPR.INCOME MONTH 'JAN97') = 322166.7723
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) marketing = lag(opr.income, 1, month) * 0.20
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) BUDGET (LINE MARKETING MONTH 'FEB97') = 64433.35446
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) opr.income = gross.margin - marketing
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) BUDGET (LINE OPR.INCOME MONTH 'FEB97') = 308737.571449 
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) marketing = lag(opr.income, 1, month) * 0.20
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) BUDGET (LINE MARKETING MONTH 'MAR97') = 61747.5142898
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) opr.income = gross.margin - marketing
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) BUDGET (LINE OPR.INCOME MONTH 'MAR97') = 322748.93108361
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) END BLOCK 2
(MOD= INCOME.BUDGET) END BLOCK 1

In Block 1, which is a simple block, Oracle OLAP solved the equations one at a time, looping over the three values in the status of month as it solved each equation. In Block 2, which is a step-forward block over the month dimension, Oracle OLAP stepped over the values in the status of month, solving all the equations in the block for each month in turn.