|Oracle® Clusterware Administration and Deployment Guide
11g Release 2 (11.2)
Part Number E16794-06
This chapter lists new features in Oracle Clusterware for Oracle Database 11g release 2 (11.2) and 11g release 2 (126.96.36.199).
See Also:Oracle Database New Features Guide for a complete description of the features in Oracle Database 11g release 2 (11.2)
Oracle Real Application Clusters One Node (Oracle RAC One Node)
Oracle Real Application Clusters One Node (Oracle RAC One Node) provides enhanced high availability for single-instance databases, protecting them from both planned and unplanned downtime. Oracle RAC One Node provides the following:
Always-on single-instance database services
Better consolidation for database servers
Enhanced server virtualization
Lower cost development and test platform for full Oracle RAC
In addition, Oracle RAC One Node facilitates the consolidation of database storage, standardizes your database environment, and, when necessary, enables you to upgrade to a full, multinode Oracle RAC database without downtime or disruption.
Use online database relocation to migrate an Oracle RAC One Node database from one node to another while maintaining service availability.
This feature includes enhancements to the Server Control Utility (SRVCTL) for both Oracle RAC One Node and online database relocation.
See Also:Oracle Real Application Clusters Administration and Deployment Guide for more information about Oracle RAC One Node
Configuration Wizard for the Oracle Grid Infrastructure Software
This Configuration Wizard enables you to configure the Oracle Grid Infrastructure software after performing a software-only installation. You no longer have to manually edit the
config_params configuration file as this wizard takes you through the process, step by step.
See Also:"Configuring Oracle Grid Infrastructure" for more information
Cluster Health Monitor (CHM)
The Cluster Health Monitor (CHM) gathers operating system metrics in real time and stores them in its repository for later analysis to determine the root cause of many Oracle Clusterware and Oracle RAC issues with the assistance of Oracle Support. It also works together with Oracle Database Quality of Service Management (Oracle Database QoS Management) by providing metrics to detect memory over-commitment on a node. With this information, Oracle Database QoS Management can take action to relieve the stress and preserve existing workloads.
"Cluster Health Monitor" for more information
Oracle Database Quality of Service Management User's Guide for more information about Oracle Database QoS Management
Enhancements to SRVCTL for Grid Infrastructure Management
Enhancements to the Server Control utility (SRVCTL) simplify the management of various new Oracle Grid Infrastructure and Oracle RAC resources.
See Also:Oracle Real Application Clusters Administration and Deployment Guide for more information about SRVCTL
Redundant Interconnect Usage
In previous releases, to make use of redundant networks for the interconnect, bonding, trunking, teaming, or similar technology was required. Oracle Grid Infrastructure and Oracle RAC can now make use of redundant network interconnects, without the use of other network technology, to enhance optimal communication in the cluster.
Redundant Interconnect Usage enables load-balancing and high availability across multiple (up to four) private networks (also known as interconnects).
See Also:"Redundant Interconnect Usage" for more information
Oracle Database Quality of Service Management Server
The Oracle Database Quality of Service Management server allows system administrators to manage application service levels hosted in Oracle Database clusters by correlating accurate run-time performance and resource metrics and analyzing with an expert system to produce recommended resource adjustments to meet policy-based performance objectives.
See Also:Oracle Database Quality of Service Management User's Guide for more information
Oracle Restart provides automatic restart of Oracle Database and listeners.
For standalone servers, Oracle Restart monitors and automatically restarts Oracle processes, such as Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM), Oracle Database, and listeners, on the server. Oracle Restart and Oracle ASM provide the Grid Infrastructure for a standalone server.
See Also:Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for more information about Oracle Restart
Improved Oracle Clusterware resource modeling
Oracle Clusterware can manage different types of applications and processes, including third-party applications. You can create dependencies among the applications and processes and manage them as one entity.
Oracle Clusterware uses different entities to manage your applications and processes, including resources, resource types, servers, and server pools. In addition to revised application programming interfaces (APIs), Oracle has created a new set of APIs to manage these entities.
"Policy-Based Cluster and Capacity Management" for more information about servers and server pools
"Oracle Clusterware Resources and Agents" for more information about resources and resource types
Appendix F, "Oracle Clusterware C Application Program Interfaces" for more information about APIs
Policy-based cluster and capacity management
Server capacity management is improved through logical separation of a cluster into server pools. You can determine where and how resources run in the cluster using a cardinality-based approach. Subsequently, nodes become anonymous, eliminating the need to identify the nodes when placing resources on them.
Server pools are assigned various levels of importance. When a failure occurs, Oracle Clusterware efficiently reallocates and reassigns capacity for applications to another, less important server pool within the cluster based on user-defined policies. This feature enables faster resource failover and dynamic capacity assignment.
Clusters can host resources (defined as applications and databases) in server pools, which are isolated with respect to their resource consumption by the user-defined policies. For example, you can choose to run all human resources applications, accounting applications, and email applications in separate server pools.
See Also:"Policy-Based Cluster and Capacity Management" for more information
Role-separated management enables multiple applications and databases to share the same cluster and hardware resources, but ensures that different administration groups do not interfere with each other.
See Also:"Role-Separated Management" for more information
Cluster time synchronization service
Cluster time synchronization service synchronizes the system time on all nodes in a cluster when vendor time synchronization software (such as NTP on UNIX and Window Time Service) is not installed. Synchronized system time across the cluster is a prerequisite to successfully run an Oracle cluster, improving the reliability of the entire Oracle cluster environment.
See Also:"Cluster Time Management" for more information
Oracle Cluster Registry and voting disks can be stored using Oracle Automatic Storage Management
OCR and voting disks can be stored in Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM). The Oracle ASM partnership and status table (PST) is replicated on multiple disks and is extended to store OCR. Consequently, OCR can tolerate the loss of the same number of disks as are in the underlying disk group and be relocated in response to disk failures.
Oracle ASM reserves several blocks at a fixed location on every Oracle ASM disk for storing the voting disk. Should the disk holding the voting disk fail, Oracle ASM selects another disk on which to store this data.
Storing OCR and the voting disk on Oracle ASM eliminates the need for third-party cluster volume managers and eliminates the complexity of managing disk partitions for OCR and voting disks in Oracle Clusterware installations.
ddcommands used to back up and recover voting disks in previous versions of Oracle Clusterware are not supported in Oracle Clusterware 11g release 2 (11.2).
See Also:Chapter 2, "Administering Oracle Clusterware" for more information about OCR and voting disks
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System
The Oracle Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System (Oracle ACFS) extends Oracle ASM by providing a robust, general purpose extent-based and journaling file system for files other than Oracle database files. Oracle ACFS provides support for files such as Oracle binaries, report files, trace files, alert logs, and other application data files. With the addition of Oracle ACFS, Oracle ASM becomes a complete storage management solution for both Oracle database and non-database files.
Additionally, Oracle ACFS
Supports large files with 64-bit file and file system data structure sizes leading to exabyte-capable file and file system capacities.
Uses extent-based storage allocation for improved performance.
Uses a log-based metadata transaction engine for file system integrity and fast recovery.
Can be exported to remote clients through industry standard protocols such as Network File System and Common Internet File System.
Oracle ACFS eliminates the need for third-party cluster file system solutions, while streamlining, automating, and simplifying all file type management in both a single node and Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC) and Grid computing environments.
Oracle ACFS supports dynamic file system expansion and contraction without downtime. It is also highly available, leveraging the Oracle ASM mirroring and striping features in addition to hardware RAID functionality.
See Also:Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide for more information about Oracle ACFS
Oracle Clusterware out-of-place upgrade
You can install a new version of Oracle Clusterware into a separate home. Installing Oracle Clusterware in a separate home before the upgrade reduces planned outage time required for cluster upgrades, which assists in meeting availability service level agreements. After the Oracle Clusterware software is installed, you can then upgrade the cluster by stopping the previous version of the Oracle Clusterware software and starting the new version node by node (known as a rolling upgrade).
See Also:Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installation Guide for more information about out-of-place upgrades
Enhanced Cluster Verification Utility
Enhancements to the Cluster Verification Utility (CVU) include the following checks on the cluster:
Before and after node addition
After node deletion
Before and after storage addition
Before and after storage deletion
After network modification
Oracle ASM integrity
In addition to command-line commands, these checks are done through the Oracle Universal Installer, Database Configuration Assistant, and Oracle Enterprise Manager. These enhancements facilitate implementation and configuration of cluster environments and provide assistance in diagnosing problems in a cluster environment, improving configuration and installation.
Appendix A, "Cluster Verification Utility Reference" for more information about CVU commands
Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installation Guide for more information about CVU checks done during installation
Enhanced Integration of Cluster Verification Utility and Oracle Universal Installer
This feature fully integrates the CVU with Oracle Universal Installer so that multi-node checks are done automatically. This ensures that any problems with cluster setup are detected and corrected before installing Oracle software.
The CVU validates cluster components and verifies the cluster readiness at different stages of Oracle RAC deployment, such as installation of Oracle Clusterware and Oracle RAC databases, and configuration of Oracle RAC databases. It also helps validate the successful completion of a specific stage of Oracle RAC deployment.
See Also:Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installation Guide for more information about CVU checks done during installation
Grid Plug and Play
Grid Plug and Play enables you to move your data center toward a dynamic Grid Infrastructure. This enables you to consolidate applications and lower the costs of managing applications, while providing a highly available environment that can easily scale when the workload requires. There are many modifications in Oracle RAC 11g release 2 (11.2) to support the easy addition of servers in a cluster and therefore a more dynamic grid.
In the past, adding or removing servers in a cluster required extensive manual preparation. With this release, Grid Plug and Play reduces the costs of installing, configuring, and managing server nodes by automating the following tasks:
Adding an Oracle RAC database instance
Negotiating appropriate network identities for itself
Acquiring additional information it needs to operate from a configuration profile
Configuring or reconfiguring itself using profile data, making host names and addresses resolvable on the network
Additionally, the number of steps necessary to add and remove nodes is reduced.
Oracle Enterprise Manager immediately reflects Grid Plug and Play-enabled changes.
Oracle Enterprise Manager support for Oracle ACFS
This feature provides a comprehensive management solution that extends Oracle ASM technology to support general purpose files not directly supported by ASM, and in both single-instance Oracle Database and Oracle Clusterware configurations. It also enhances existing Oracle Enterprise Manager support for Oracle ASM, and adds new features to support the Oracle ASM Dynamic Volume Manager (ADVM) and Oracle ASM Cluster File System technology (ACFS).
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System (Oracle ACFS) is a scalable file system and storage management design that extends Oracle ASM technology. It supports all application data in both single host and cluster configurations and leverages existing Oracle ASM functionality to achieve the following:
Dynamic file system resizing
Maximized performance through Oracle ASM's automatic distribution
Balancing and striping of the file system across all available disks
Storage reliability through Oracle ASM's mirroring and parity protection
Oracle ACFS provides a multiplatform storage management solution to access clusterwide, non-database customer files.
See Also:Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide for more information about Oracle ACFS
Oracle Enterprise Manager-based Oracle Clusterware resource management
You can use Oracle Enterprise Manager to manage Oracle Clusterware resources. You can create and configure resources in Oracle Clusterware and also monitor and manage resources after they are deployed in the cluster.
Zero downtime for patching Oracle Clusterware
Patching Oracle Clusterware and Oracle RAC can be completed without taking the entire cluster down. This also allows for out-of-place upgrades to the cluster software and Oracle Database, reducing the planned maintenance downtime required in an Oracle RAC environment.
Improvements to provisioning of Oracle Clusterware and Oracle RAC
This feature offers a simplified solution for provisioning Oracle RAC systems. Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control enables you to extend Oracle RAC clusters by automating the provisioning tasks on the new nodes.