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Oracle® Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide
11g Release 2 (11.2)

Part Number E16102-05
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ASMCMD File Access Control Commands

This section describes the ASMCMD Oracle ASM File Access Control commands. For information about Oracle ASM File Access Control, see "Managing Oracle ASM File Access Control for Disk Groups".

Table 12-53 provides a summary of ASMCMD Oracle ASM File Access Control commands.

Table 12-53 Summary of ASMCMD file access control commands

Command Description

chgrp

Changes the user group of a file or list of files.

chmod

Changes permissions of a file or list of files.

chown

Changes the owner of a file or list of files.

groups

Lists the user groups to which a user belongs.

grpmod

Adds or removes users from an existing user group.

lsgrp

Lists user groups.

lsusr

Lists users in a disk group.

mkgrp

Creates a new user group.

mkusr

Adds a user to disk group.

passwd

Changes the password of a user.

rmgrp

Deletes a user group.

rmusr

Deletes a user from a disk group.


chgrp

Purpose

Changes the user group of a file or list of files.

Syntax and Description


chgrp usergroup file [file ...]

Table 12-54 lists the syntax options for the chgrp command.

Table 12-54 Options for the chgrp command

Option Description

usergroup

Name of the user group.

file

Name of a file.


Only the file owner or the Oracle ASM administrator can use this command. If the user is the file owner, then he must also be either the owner or a member of the group for this command to succeed.

This command accepts a file name or multiple file names separated by spaces.

Examples

The following are examples of the chgrp command that change the Oracle ASM user group of the specified files.

Example 12-56 Using the ASMCMD chgrp command

ASMCMD [+] > chgrp asm_data +data/orcl/controlfile/Current.260.684924747

ASMCMD [+fra/orcl/archivelog/flashback] > chgrp asm_fra log_7.264.684968167 log_8.265.684972027

chmod

Purpose

Changes permissions of a file or list of files.

Syntax and Description


chmod mode file [file ...]

mode can be one of the following forms:

  • { ugo | ug | uo | go | u | g | o | a } {+|- } {r|w |rw}

    a specifies permissions for all users, u specifies permissions for the owner of the file, g specifies the group permissions, and o specifies permissions for other users.

  • { 0|4|6} {0|4|6} {0|4|6}

    The first digit specifies owner permissions, the second digit specifies group permissions, and the third digit specifies other permissions.

Table 12-55 lists the syntax options for the chmod command.

Table 12-55 Options for the chmod command

Option Description

6

Read write permissions

4

Read only permissions

0

No permissions

u

Owner permissions, used with r or w

g

Group permissions, used with r or w

o

Other user permissions, used with r or w

a

All user permissions, used with r or w

+

Add a permission, used with r or w

-

Removes a permission, used with r or w

r

Read permission

w

Write permission

file

Name of a file


This command accepts a file name or multiple file names separated by spaces. The specified files must be closed.

You can only set file permissions to read-write, read-only, and no permissions. You cannot set file permissions to write-only.

To view the permissions on a file, use the ASMCMD ls command with the --permission option. See "ls".

Examples

The following are examples of the chmod command that change the permissions of the specified files.

Example 12-57 Using the ASMCMD chmod command

ASMCMD [+fra/orcl/archivelog/flashback] > chmod ug+rw log_7.264.684968167 log_8.265.684972027

ASMCMD [+fra/orcl/archivelog/flashback] > chmod 640 log_7.264.684968167 log_8.265.684972027

ASMCMD [+] > ls --permission +fra/orcl/archivelog/flashback
User      Group      Permission  Name
grid      asm_fra     rw-r-----  log_7.264.684968167
grid      asm_fra     rw-r-----  log_8.265.684972027

chown

Purpose

Changes the owner of a file or list of files.

Syntax and Description


chown user[:usergroup ] file [file ...]

Table 12-56 lists the syntax options for the chown command.

Table 12-56 Options for the chown command

Option Description

user

The name of the user that becomes the new owner.

usergroup

Name of the user group to which the user belongs.

file

Name of a file.


user typically refers to the user that owns the database instance home. Oracle ASM File Access Control uses the operating system (OS) name to identify a database.

This command accepts a file name or multiple file names separated by spaces. The specified files must be closed.

Only the Oracle ASM administrator can use this command.

Examples

The following are examples of the chown command that change the owner of the specified files to the oracle1 operating system user.

Example 12-58 Using the ASMCMD chown command

ASMCMD [+fra/orcl/archivelog/flashback] > chown oracle1 log_7.264.684968167 log_8.265.684972027

ASMCMD [+fra/orcl/archivelog/flashback] > chown oracle1:asm_fra log_9.264.687650269

groups

Purpose

Lists all the user groups to which the specified user belongs.

Syntax and Description


groups diskgroup user

Table 12-57 lists the syntax options for the groups command.

Table 12-57 Options for the groups command

Option Description

diskgroup

Name of the disk group to which the user belongs.

user

Name of the user.


Examples

The following is an example of the groups command that displays the user groups of the data disk group to which the oracle1 user belongs.

Example 12-59 Using the ASMCMD groups command

ASMCMD [+] > groups data oracle1
asm_data

grpmod

Purpose

Adds or removes operating system (OS) users to and from an existing Oracle ASM user group.

Syntax and Description


grpmod { --add | --delete } diskgroup usergroup user [user...]

Table 12-58 lists the syntax options for the grpmod command.

Table 12-58 Options for the grpmod command

Option Description

--add

Specifies to add users to the user group.

--delete

Specifies to delete users from the user group.

diskgroup

Name of the disk group to which the user group belongs.

usergroup

Name of the user group.

user

Name of the user to add or remove from the user group.


Only the owner of the user group can use this command. The command requires the SYSASM privilege to run.

This command accepts an operating system user name or multiple user names separated by spaces. The operating system users are typically owners of a database instance home.

Examples

The following are examples of the grpmod command. The first example adds the oracle1 and oracle2 users to the asm_fra user group of the fra disk group. The second example removes the oracle2 user from the asm_data user group of the data disk group.

Example 12-60 Using the ASMCMD grpmod command

ASMCMD [+] > grpmod –-add fra asm_fra oracle1 oracle2

ASMCMD [+] > grpmod –-delete data asm_data oracle2

lsgrp

Purpose

Lists all Oracle ASM user groups or only groups that match a specified pattern.

Syntax and Description


lsgrp [-Ha] [ -G diskgroup ] [ pattern ]

Table 12-59 lists the syntax options for the lsgrp command.

Table 12-59 Options for the lsgrp command

Option Description

-H

Suppresses column headings.

-a

Lists all columns.

-G diskgroup

Limits the results to the specified disk group name.

pattern

Displays the user groups that match the pattern expression.


Examples

The following are examples of the lsgrp command. The first example displays a subset of information about the user groups whose name matches the asm% pattern. The second example displays all information about all the user groups.

Example 12-61 Using the ASMCMD lsgrp command

ASMCMD [+] > lsgrp asm%
DG_Name  Grp_Name   Owner
FRA      asm_fra    grid
DATA     asm_data   grid

ASMCMD [+] > lsgrp -a
DG_Name  Grp_Name   Owner     Members
FRA      asm_fra    grid      oracle1
DATA     asm_data   grid      oracle1 oracle2

lsusr

Purpose

Lists Oracle ASM users in a disk group.

Syntax and Description


lsusr [-Ha] [-G diskgroup ] [ pattern ]

Table 12-60 lists the syntax options for the lsusr command.

Table 12-60 Options for the lsusr command

Option Description

-a

List all users and the disk groups to which the users belong.

-H

Suppresses column headings.

-G diskgroup

Limits the results to the specified disk group name.

pattern

Displays the users that match the pattern expression.


Examples

The following is an example of the lsusr command. The example lists users in the data disk group and also shows the operating system Id assigned to the user.

Example 12-62 Using the ASMCMD lsusr command

ASMCMD [+] > lsusr -G data
User_Num OS_ID OS_Name 
3        1001  grid
1        1021  oracle1
2        1022  oracle2

mkgrp

Purpose

Creates a new Oracle ASM user group.

Syntax and Description


mkgrp diskgroup usergroup [user] [user...]

Table 12-61 lists the syntax options for the mkgrp command.

Table 12-61 Options for the mkgrp command

Option Description

diskgroup

Name of the disk group to which the user group is added.

usergroup

Name of the user group to add. 30 is the maximum number of characters.

user

Name of the database user to add to the user group.


You can optionally specify a list of users to be included as members of the new user group.

Examples

The following is an example of the mkgrp command. This example creates the asm_data user group in the data disk group and adds the oracle1 and oracle2 users to the user group.

Example 12-63 Using the ASMCMD mkgrp command

ASMCMD [+] > mkgrp data asm_data oracle1 oracle2

mkusr

Purpose

Adds an operating system (OS) user to a disk group.

Syntax and Description


mkusr diskgroup user

Table 12-62 lists the syntax options for the mkusr command.

Table 12-62 Options for the mkusr command

Option Description

diskgroup

Specifies the name of the disk group to which the user is to be added.

user

Name of the user to add.


The user to be added must be a valid operating system user. Only a user authenticated as SYSASM can run this command.

Examples

The following are examples of the mkusr command. The first example adds the oracle1 user to the data disk group. The second example adds the oracle2 user to the fra disk group.

Example 12-64 Using the ASMCMD mkusr command

ASMCMD [+] > mkusr data oracle1

ASMCMD [+] > mkusr fra oracle2

passwd

Purpose

Changes the password of a user.

Syntax and Description


passwd user

Table 12-63 lists the syntax options for the passwd command.

Table 12-63 Options for the passwd command

Option Description

user

Name of the user.


An error is raised if the user does not exist in the Oracle ASM password file. The user is first prompted for the current password, then the new password. The command requires the SYSASM privilege to run.

Examples

The following is an example of the passwd command that changes the password of the oracle2 user.

Example 12-65 Using the ASMCMD passwd command

ASMCMD [+] > passwd oracle2
Enter old password (optional): 
Enter new password: ******

rmgrp

Purpose

Removes a user group from a disk group.

Syntax and Description


rmgrp diskgroup usergroup

Table 12-64 lists the syntax options for the rmgrp command.

Table 12-64 Options for the rmgrp command

Option Description

diskgroup

Name of the disk group to which the user group belongs.

usergroup

Name of the user group to delete.


Removing a group might leave some files without a valid user group. To ensure that those files have a valid group, explicitly update those files to a valid user group. See "chgrp".

The command must be run by the owner of the user group and also requires the SYSASM privilege to run.

Examples

The following is an example of the rmgrp command that removes the asm_data user group from the data disk group.

Example 12-66 Using the ASMCMD rmgrp command

ASMCMD [+] > rmgrp data asm_data

rmusr

Purpose

Deletes an operating system (OS) user from a disk group.

Syntax and Description


rmusr [-r] diskgroup user

Table 12-65 lists the syntax options for the rmusr command.

Table 12-65 Options for the rmusr command

Option Description

-r

Removes all files in the disk group that the user owns at the same time that the user is removed.

diskgroup

Specifies the name of the disk group from which the user is to be deleted.

user

Name of the user to delete.


The command requires the SYSASM privilege to run.

Examples

The following is an example of the rmusr command that removes the oracle2 user from the data disk group.

Example 12-67 Using the ASMCMD rmusr command

ASMCMD [+] > rmusr data oracle2