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Oracle® Data Guard Concepts and Administration
11g Release 2 (11.2)

Part Number E17022-03
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A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Z 

A

activating
a logical standby database, 8.3.2, 16.1
a physical standby database, 11.8.6, 16.1
adding
datafiles, 9.3.1, A.10.1.1, A.10.1.1
indexes on logical standby databases, 2.1.2, 10.5.4.1
new or existing standby databases, 1.3
online redo log files, 9.3.5
tablespaces, 9.3.1
adjusting
initialization parameter file
for logical standby database, 4.2.4.2
AFFIRM attribute, 15
ALTER DATABASE statement
ABORT LOGICAL STANDBY clause, 16.1
ACTIVATE STANDBY DATABASE clause, 8.3.2, 11.8.6, 16.1, 16.1
ADD STANDBY LOGFILE clause, 16.1, A.1.1
ADD STANDBY LOGFILE MEMBER clause, 16.1, A.1.1, A.1.1
ADD SUPPLEMENTAL LOG DATA clause, 16.1
CLEAR UNARCHIVED LOGFILES clause, 9.5
COMMIT TO SWITCHOVER clause, 8.3.1, 8.3.1, 8.3.1, 16.1
in Oracle Real Application Clusters, D.3.1
troubleshooting, A.4.2, A.4.2, A.4.3
CREATE CONTROLFILE clause, 9.5
CREATE DATAFILE AS clause, A.1.1
CREATE STANDBY CONTROLFILE clause, 3.2.2, A.1.3
REUSE clause, 16.1
DROP LOGFILE clause, A.1.1
DROP STANDBY LOGFILE MEMBER clause, 16.1, 16.1, 16.1, A.1.1
FORCE LOGGING clause, 2.3.2, 3.1.1, 13.4, 13.4, 16.1
GUARD clause, 10.2
MOUNT STANDBY DATABASE clause, 16.1
OPEN READ ONLY clause, 16.1
OPEN RESETLOGS clause, 3.2.2, 9.5
PREPARE TO SWITCHOVER clause, 8.3.1, 8.3.1, 16.1
RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE clause, 3.2.6, 4.2.5, 16.1, 16.1, 16.1
background process, 7.3.1
canceling, 7.3.2
controlling Redo Apply, 7.3.1, 11.8.2
failover, 16.1
foreground session, 7.3.1
overriding the delay interval, 7.2.2
starting real time apply, 7.3.1
REGISTER LOGFILE clause, 16.1, A.4.1
RENAME FILE clause, A.1.1, A.1.1
SET STANDBY DATABASE clause
TO MAXIMIZE AVAILABILITY clause, 16.1
TO MAXIMIZE PERFORMANCE clause, 8.1.4
TO MAXIMIZE PROTECTION clause, 16.1
START LOGICAL STANDBY APPLY clause, 7.4.1, 12.5, A.6
IMMEDIATE keyword, 7.4.1
starting SQL Apply, 4.2.5
STOP LOGICAL STANDBY APPLY clause, 7.4.2, 8.3.2, 16.1
ALTER SESSION DISABLE GUARD statement
overriding the database guard, 10.5.4
ALTER SESSION statement
ENABLE GUARD clause, 16.2
ALTER SYSTEM statement
SWITCH LOGFILE clause, 3.2.7
ALTER TABLESPACE statement, 9.3.4, 13.4.2, A.10.1.1
FORCE LOGGING clause, 9.3.6
alternate archive destinations
setting up initialization parameters for, A.2
ALTERNATE attribute, 15, 15
LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_n initialization parameter, A.2
LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_STATE_n initialization parameter, 6.2.2
ANALYZER process, 10.1
APPLIER process, 10.1
apply lag
monitoring in a real-time query environment, 9.2.1.1
apply lag tolerance
configuring in a real-time query environment, 9.2.1.2
apply services
defined, 1.2.2, 7.1
delaying application of redo data, 7.2.2, 15
real-time apply
defined, 7.2.1, 7.2.1
monitoring with LOG_ARCHIVE_TRACE, F.2
Redo Apply
defined, 7.1, 7.3
monitoring, 7.3.3
starting, 7.3.1
stopping, 7.3.2
SQL Apply
defined, 1.2.2, 7.1, 7.1
monitoring, 7.4.3
starting, 7.4.1
stopping, 7.4.2
applying
redo data immediately, 7.2.1
redo data on standby database, 1.2, 1.2.2, 7
SQL statements to logical standby databases, 7.4
applying state, 10.4.1
AQ_TM_PROCESSES dynamic parameter, A.4.2
archive destinations
alternate, A.2
archived redo log files
accessing information about, 9.5.1.3
applying
Redo Apply technology, 1.2.2
SQL Apply technology, 1.2.2
delaying application, 15
on the standby database, 7.2.2
deleting unneeded, 10.4.2
destinations
disabling, 6.2.2
enabling, 6.2.2
managing gaps, 1.7
See also gap management
manually transferring, 2.3.2
redo data transmitted, 1.2.2, 7.1
registering
during failover, 8.3.2
standby databases and, 7.3.3, 7.4.3, 9.5.1
troubleshooting switchover problems, A.4.1
ARCHIVELOG mode
software requirements, 2.3.2
archiver processes (ARCn)
influenced by MAX_CONNECTIONS attribute, 15
archiving
real-time apply, 7.2.1
specifying
failure resolution policies for, 15
standby redo logs, 6.2.3.2
to a fast recovery area, 6.2.3.2.2
to a local file system, 6.2.3.2.3
to failed destinations, 15
ASM
See Automatic Storage Management (ASM)
ASYNC attribute, 15
attributes
deprecated for the LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_n initialization parameter, 15
AUD$ table
replication on logical standbys, C.12.2
automatic detection of missing log files, 1.2.1, 1.7
automatic failover, 1.2.3
Automatic Storage Management (ASM)
creating a standby database that uses, 13.5
automatic switchover, 1.2.3
See also switchovers

B

BACKUP INCREMENTAL FROM SCN command
scenarios using, 11.10
backup operations
after failovers, 8.3.2
after unrecoverable operations, 13.4.3, 13.4.3
configuring on a physical standby database, 1.1.3
datafiles, 13.4.2
offloading on the standby database, 1.7
primary databases, 1.1.2
used by the broker, 1.3
using RMAN, 11
basic readable standby database See simulating a standby database environment
batch processing
on a logical standby database, 10.1.1.4
benefits
Data Guard, 1.7
logical standby database, 2.1.2
of a rolling upgrade, 12.1
physical standby database, 2.1.1
BFILE data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.2
BINARY_DEGREE data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.1
BINARY_FLOAT data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.1
BLOB data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.1
broker
command-line interface, 1.7
defined, 1.3
graphical user interface, 1.7
BUILDER process, 10.1

C

cascading redo data, 6.3
configuration requirements, 6.3
data protection considerations, 6.3.2
restrictions, 6.3
CHAR data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.1
character sets
changing on primary databases, 13.8
configurations with differing, C.15
checklist
tasks for creating physical standby databases, 3.2, 3.2
tasks for creating standby databases, 4.2, 4.2
checkpoints
V$LOGSTDBY_PROGRESS view, 10.1.1.3
chunking
transactions, 10.1.1.1
CJQ0 process, A.4.2
CLEAR UNARCHIVED LOGFILES clause
of ALTER DATABASE, 9.5
CLOB data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.1
collections data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.2
command-line interface
broker, 1.7
commands, Recovery Manager
DUPLICATE, E.2.1
COMMIT TO SWITCHOVER clause
of ALTER DATABASE, 8.3.1, 8.3.1, 16.1
in Oracle Real Application Clusters, D.3.1
troubleshooting, A.4.2, A.4.2, A.4.3
COMMIT TO SWITCHOVER TO PRIMARY clause
of ALTER DATABASE, 8.3.1
communication
between databases in a Data Guard configuration, 1.1
COMPATIBLE initialization parameter
setting after upgrading Oracle Database software, B.4
setting for a rolling upgrade, 12.2, 12.5, 12.5
complementary technologies, 1.6
COMPRESSION attribute, 15
configuration options
creating with Data Guard broker, 1.3
overview, 1.1
physical standby databases
location and directory structure, 2.4
standby databases
delayed standby, 7.2.2
configuring
backups on standby databases, 1.1.3
disaster recovery, 1.1.3
initialization parameters
for alternate archive destinations, A.2
listener for physical standby databases, 3.2.5
no data loss, 1.2.3
physical standby databases, 2.4
reporting operations on a logical standby database, 1.1.3
standby databases at remote locations, 1.1.3
constraints
handled on a logical standby database, 10.6.3
Context
unsupported data types, C.1.2
Context data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.2
control files
copying, 3.2.4
creating for standby databases, 3.2.2
CONVERT TO SNAPSHOT STANDBY clause on the ALTER DATABASE statement, 16.1
converting
a logical standby database to a physical standby database
aborting, 4.2.4.1
a physical standby database to a logical standby database, 4.2.4.1
COORDINATOR process, 10.1
LSP background process, 10.1
copying
control files, 3.2.4
CREATE CONTROLFILE clause
of ALTER DATABASE, 9.5
CREATE DATABASE statement
FORCE LOGGING clause, 13.4
CREATE DATAFILE AS clause
of ALTER DATABASE, A.1.1
CREATE STANDBY CONTROLFILE clause
of ALTER DATABASE, 3.2.2, 16.1, A.1.3
CREATE TABLE AS SELECT (CTAS) statements
applied on a logical standby database, 10.1.1.5
creating
indexes on logical standby databases, 10.5.4.1

D

data availability
balancing against system performance requirements, 1.7
Data Guard broker
defined, 1.3
distributed management framework, 8
failovers, 1.3
fast-start, 8
manual, 1.3, 8
fast-start failover, 1.3
switchovers, 8
Data Guard configurations
archiving to standby destinations using the log writer process, 7.2.1
defined, 1.1
protection modes, 1.4
upgrading Oracle Database software, B
data loss
due to failover, 1.2.3
switchover and, 8.1
data protection
balancing against performance, 1.7
benefits, 1.7
flexibility, 1.7
provided by Data Guard, 1
data protection modes
enforced by redo transport services, 1.2.1
overview, 1.4, 1.4
Data Pump utility
using transportable tablespaces with physical standby databases, 9.3.3
data types
BFILE, C.1.2
BINARY_DEGREE, C.1.1
BINARY_FLOAT, C.1.1
BLOB, C.1.1
CHAR, C.1.1
CLOB, C.1.1
collections in logical standby databases, C.1.2
DATE, C.1.1
INTERVAL, C.1.1
LONG, C.1.1
LONG RAW, C.1.1
NCHAR, C.1.1
NCLOB, C.1.1
NUMBER, C.1.1
NVARCHAR2, C.1.1
RAW, C.1.1
ROWID, C.1.2
Spatial, Image, and Context, C.1.2
TIMESTAMP, C.1.1
UROWID, C.1.2
user-defined, C.1.2
VARCHAR, C.1.1
VARCHAR2, C.1.1
XMLType, C.1.1
database guard, 10.5.4
overriding, 10.5.4
database incarnation
changes with OPEN RESETLOGS, 9.4, 9.4
database roles
primary, 1.1.1, 8.1
standby, 1.1.2, 8.1
transitions, 1.2.3
database schema
physical standby databases, 1.1.2
databases
failover and, 8.1.4
role transition and, 8.1
surviving disasters and data corruptions, 1
upgrading software versions, 12.1
datafiles
adding to primary database, 9.3.1
monitoring, 9.5, 13.4.2
renaming on the primary database, 9.3.4
DATE data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.1
DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT initialization parameter
setting at standby site after a switchover, A.4.4
setting on physical standby database, 3.2.3
when planning standby location and directory structure, 2.4
DB_NAME initialization parameter, 3.1.4
DB_ROLE_CHANGE system event, 8.1.5
DB_UNIQUE_NAME attribute, 15
DB_UNIQUE_NAME initialization parameter, A.4.3
required with LOG_ARCHIVE_CONFIG parameter, 14
setting database initialization parameters, 3.1.4
DBA_DATA_FILES view, 9.5
DBA_LOGMNR_PURGED_LOG view
list archived redo log files that can be deleted, 10.4.2
DBA_LOGSTDBY_EVENTS view, 10.3.1, 17, A.6
recording unsupported operations in, 10.5.1
DBA_LOGSTDBY_HISTORY view, 17
DBA_LOGSTDBY_LOG view, 10.3.2, 17
DBA_LOGSTDBY_NOT_UNIQUE view, 17
DBA_LOGSTDBY_PARAMETERS view, 17
DBA_LOGSTDBY_SKIP view, 17
DBA_LOGSTDBY_SKIP_TRANSACTION view, 17
DBA_LOGSTDBY_UNSUPPORTED view, 17
DBA_TABLESPACES view, 9.5
DBMS_ALERT, C.9.2
DBMS_AQ, C.9.2
DBMS_DESCRIBE, C.9.1
DBMS_JAVA, C.9.2
DBMS_LOB, C.9.1
DBMS_LOGSTDBY package
INSTANTIATE_TABLE procedure, 10.5.5
SKIP procedure, A.6
SKIP_ERROR procedure, A.3
SKIP_TRANSACTION procedure, A.6
DBMS_LOGSTDBY.BUILD procedure
building a dictionary in the redo data, 4.2.3.2
DBMS_METADATA, C.9.1
DBMS_OBFUSCATION_TOOLKIT, C.9.1
DBMS_OUTPUT, C.9.1
DBMS_PIPE, C.9.1
DBMS_RANDOM, C.9.1
DBMS_REDEFINITION, C.9.2
DBMS_REFRESH, C.9.2
DBMS_REGISTRY, C.9.2
DBMS_SCHEDULER, C.9.1
DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN, C.9.2
DBMS_SQL, C.9.1
DBMS_TRACE, C.9.1
DBMS_TRANSACTION, C.9.1
DBSNMP process, A.4.2
DDL Statements
that use DBLINKS, C.12.1
DDL statements
supported by SQL Apply, C
DDL transactions
applied on a logical standby database, 10.1.1.5
applying to a logical standby database, 10.1.1.5
DEFER attribute
LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_STATE_n initialization parameter, 6.2.2
DELAY attribute, 15
LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_n initialization parameter, 7.2.2
DELAY option
of ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE
cancelling, 7.2.2
delaying
application of archived redo log files, 15
application of redo log files, 7.2.2
deleting
archived redo log files
indicated by the DBA_LOGMNR_PURGED_LOG view, 10.4.2
not needed by SQL Apply, 10.4.2
deprecated attributes
on the LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_n initialization parameter, 15
destinations
displaying with V$ARCHIVE_DEST view, 17
role-based definitions, 15
detecting
missing archived redo log files, 1.2.1, 1.7
DG_CONFIG attribute, 15
DGMGRL command-line interface
invoking failovers, 1.3, 8
simplifying switchovers, 1.3, 8
dictionary
building a LogMiner, 4.2.3.2
direct path inserts
SQL Apply DML considerations, 10.1.1.4
directory locations
Optimal Flexible Architecture (OFA), 2.4, 2.4
set up with ASM, 2.3.2, 2.4
set up with OMF, 2.3.2, 2.4
structure on standby databases, 2.4
disabling
a destination for archived redo log files, 6.2.2
disaster recovery
benefits, 1.7
configuring, 1.1.3
provided by Data Guard, 1
provided by standby databases, 1.1.3
disk I/O
controlling with the AFFIRM and NOAFFIRM attributes, 15
distributed transactions, C.13
DML
batch updates on a logical standby database, 10.1.1.4
DML transactions
applying to a logical standby database, 10.1.1.4
downgrading
Oracle Database software, B.6
DROP STANDBY LOGFILE clause
of ALTER DATABASE, A.1.1
DROP STANDBY LOGFILE MEMBER clause
of ALTER DATABASE, 16.1, 16.1, 16.1, A.1.1
dropping
online redo log files, 9.3.5
dynamic parameters
AQ_TM_PROCESSES, A.4.2
JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES, A.4.2

E

ENABLE attribute
LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_STATE_n initialization parameter, 6.2.2
ENABLE GUARD clause
of ALTER SESSION, 16.2
enabling
database guard on logical standby databases, 16.2
destinations for archived redo log files, 6.2.2
real-time apply
on logical standby databases, 7.4.1
on physical standby databases, 7.3.1
extensible indexes
supported by logical standby databases, C.1.2

F

failovers, 1.2.3
Data Guard broker, 1.3, 8
defined, 1.2.3, 8.1
displaying history with DBA_LOGSTDBY_HISTORY, 17
fast-start failover, 8
flashing back databases after, 8.4
logical standby databases and, 8.3.2
manual versus automatic, 1.2.3
performing backups after, 8.3.2
physical standby databases and, 16.1
preparing for, 8.1.4
simplifying with Data Guard broker, 8
transferring redo data before, 8.1.4
viewing characteristics for logical standby databases, 10.3.3
with maximum performance mode, 8.1.4
with maximum protection mode, 8.1.4
failure resolution policies
specifying for redo transport services, 15
fast-start failover
automatic failover, 1.3, 8
monitoring, 9.5
FGA_LOG$ table
replication on logical standbys, C.12.2
file specifications
renaming on the logical standby database, 10.5.3
Flashback Database
after a role transition, 8.4
after OPEN RESETLOGS, 13.3
after role transitions, 8.4
characteristics complementary to Data Guard, 1.6
physical standby database, 13.2.1
FORCE LOGGING clause
of ALTER DATABASE, 2.3.2, 3.1.1, 13.4, 13.4, 16.1
of ALTER TABLESPACE, 9.3.6
of CREATE DATABASE, 13.4

G

gap management
automatic detection and resolution, 1.2.1, 1.7
detecting missing log files, 1.7
registering archived redo log files
during failover, 8.3.2
GV$INSTANCE view, D.3.1

H

high availability
benefits, 1.7
provided by Data Guard, 1
provided by Oracle RAC and Data Guard, 1.6

I

idle state, 10.4.1
Image data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.2
incarnation of a database
changed, 9.4, 9.4
initialization parameters
DB_UNIQUE_NAME, 3.1.4, A.4.3
LOG_ARCHIVE_MIN_SUCCEED_DEST, 15
LOG_ARCHIVE_TRACE, F.2
LOG_FILE_NAME_CONVERT, E.2.2.4
modifying for physical standby databases, 3.2.3
setting for both the primary and standby roles, 15
INITIALIZING state, 10.4.1
INSTANTIATE_TABLE procedure
of DBMS_LOGSTDBY, 10.5.5
INTERVAL data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.1

J

JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES dynamic parameter, A.4.2

K

KEEP IDENTITY clause, 4.2.4.1

L

latency
on logical standby databases, 10.1.1.4, 10.1.1.5
listener.ora file
configuring, 3.2.5
redo transport services tuning and, A.7
troubleshooting, A.1.2, A.7
loading dictionary state, 10.4.1
LOCATION attribute, 15
setting
LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_n initialization parameter, A.2
log apply services
Redo Apply
monitoring, 9.5.1
starting, 9.1.1
stopping, 9.1.2
tuning for Redo Apply, 9.6
log writer process (LGWR)
ASYNC network transmission, 15
NET_TIMEOUT attribute, 15
SYNC network transmission, 15
LOG_ARCHIVE_CONFIG initialization parameter, 3.1.4, 3.1.4, 3.2.3
example, 15
listing unique database names defined with, 17
relationship to DB_UNIQUE_NAME parameter, 14
relationship to DG_CONFIG attribute, 15
LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_n initialization parameter
AFFIRM attribute, 15
ALTERNATE attribute, 15, 15, A.2
ASYNC attribute, 15
COMPRESSION attribute, 15
DB_UNIQUE_NAME attribute, 15
DELAY attribute, 7.2.2, 15
deprecated attributes, 15
LOCATION attribute, 15, A.2
MANDATORY attribute, 15
MAX_CONNECTIONS attribute, 15
MAX_FAILURE attribute, 15
NET_TIMEOUT attribute, 15
NOAFFIRM attribute, 15
NOALTERNATE attribute, A.2
NODELAY attribute, 7.2.2
NOREGISTER attribute, 15
REOPEN attribute, 15, 15
SERVICE attribute, 15
SYNC attribute, 15
VALID_FOR attribute, 15
LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_STATE_n initialization parameter
ALTERNATE attribute, 6.2.2
DEFER attribute, 6.2.2
ENABLE attribute, 6.2.2
LOG_ARCHIVE_MAX_PROCESSES initialization parameter
relationship to MAX_CONNECTIONS, 15
LOG_ARCHIVE_MIN_SUCCEED_DEST initialization parameter, 15
LOG_ARCHIVE_TRACE initialization parameter, F.2
LOG_FILE_NAME_CONVERT initialization parameter
setting at standby site after a switchover, A.4.4
setting on physical standby databases, 3.2.3
when planning standby location and directory structure, 2.4
logical change records (LCR)
converted by PREPARER process, 10.1
exhausted cache memory, 10.1.1.2
staged, 10.1
logical standby databases, 1.1.2
adding
datafiles, A.10.1.1
indexes, 2.1.2, 10.5.4.1
tables, 10.5.5
background processes, 10.1
benefits, 2.1.2
controlling user access to tables, 10.2
creating, 4
converting from a physical standby database, 4.2.4.1
with Data Guard broker, 1.3
data types
supported, C, C.1.1
unsupported, C.1.2
database guard
overriding, 10.5.4
executing SQL statements on, 1.1.2
failovers, 8.3.2
displaying history of, 17, 17
handling failures, A.3
viewing characteristics with V$LOGSTDBY_STATS, 10.3.3
logical standby process (LSP) and, 10.1
materialized views
creating on, 2.1.2
support for, C.11
monitoring, 7.4.3, 17
renaming the file specification, 10.5.3
setting up a skip handler, 10.5.3
SQL Apply, 1.2.2
resynchronizing with primary database branch of redo, 10.6.5
skipping DDL statements, C.11
skipping SQL statements, C.11
starting real-time apply, 7.4.1
stopping, 7.4.2
technology, 7.1
transaction size considerations, 10.1.1.1
starting
real-time apply, 7.4.1, 7.4.1
states
applying, 10.4.1
idle, 10.4.1
initializing, 10.4.1
loading dictionary, 10.4.1
waiting on gaps, 10.4.1
support for primary databases with Transparent Data Encryption, C.2
switchovers, 8.3.1, 8.3.1
throughput and latency, 10.1.1.4, 10.1.1.5
upgrading, B.3
rolling upgrades, 2.3.2
logical standby process (LSP)
COORDINATOR process, 10.1
LogMiner dictionary
using DBMS_LOGSTDBY.BUILD procedure to build, 4.2.3.2
when creating a logical standby database, 4.2.4.1
LONG data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.1
LONG RAW data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.1

M

managed recovery operations
See Redo Apply
MANDATORY attribute, 15
materialized views
creating on logical standby databases, 2.1.2
MAX_CONNECTIONS attribute
configuring Oracle RAC for parallel archival, 15
reference, 15
MAX_FAILURE attribute, 15
maximum availability mode
introduction, 1.4
maximum performance mode, 8.1.4
introduction, 1.4
maximum performance protection mode, 5.1
maximum protection mode
for Oracle Real Application Clusters, D.2.2
introduction, 1.4
standby databases and, 8.1.4
memory
exhausted LCR cache, 10.1.1.2
missing log sequence
See also gap management
detecting, 1.7, 1.7
modifying
a logical standby database, 10.5.4
initialization parameters for physical standby databases, 3.2.3
monitoring
primary database events, 9.5
tablespace status, 9.5
MOUNT STANDBY DATABASE clause
of ALTER DATABASE, 16.1
multimedia data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.2
unsupported by logical standby databases, C.1.2

N

NCHAR data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.1
NCLOB data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.1
NET_TIMEOUT attribute, 15
network connections
configuring multiple, 15
in an Oracle RAC environment, 15
network I/O operations
network timers
NET_TIMEOUT attribute, 15
tuning
redo transport services, A.7
network timeouts
acknowledging, 15
no data loss
data protection modes overview, 1.4
ensuring, 1.2.3
guaranteeing, 1.2.3
provided by maximum availability mode, 1.4
provided by maximum protection mode, 1.4
NOAFFIRM attribute, 15
NOALTERNATE attribute
LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_n initialization parameter, A.2
NODELAY attribute
LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_n initialization parameter, 7.2.2
NOREGISTER attribute, 15
NUMBER data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.1
NVARCHAR2 data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.1

O

OMF
See Oracle Managed Files (OMF)
on-disk database structures
physical standby databases, 1.1.2
online redo log files
adding, 9.3.5
dropping, 9.3.5
OPEN READ ONLY clause
of ALTER DATABASE, 16.1
OPEN RESETLOGS
flashing back after, 13.3
OPEN RESETLOGS clause
database incarnation change, 9.4, 9.4
of ALTER DATABASE, 3.2.2, 9.5
recovery, 9.4, 9.4
operational requirements, 2.3, 2.3.2
Optimal Flexible Architecture (OFA)
directory structure, 2.4, 2.4
ORA-01102 message
causing switchover failures, A.4.3
Oracle Automatic Storage Management (ASM), 2.3.2, 2.4
Oracle Database software
requirements for upgrading with SQL Apply, 12.2
upgrading, 2.3.2, B.1
upgrading with SQL Apply, 12.1
Oracle Enterprise Manager
invoking failovers, 1.3, 8
invoking switchovers, 1.3, 8
Oracle Managed Files (OMF), 2.3.2, 2.4
creating a standby database that uses, 13.5
Oracle Net
communication between databases in a Data Guard configuration, 1.1
Oracle Real Application Clusters
characteristics complementary to Data Guard, 1.6
configuring for multiple network connections, 15
primary databases and, 1.1.1, D.1.1
setting
maximum data protection, D.2.2
standby databases and, 1.1.2, D.1
Oracle Recovery Manager utility (RMAN)
backing up files on a physical standby database, 11
Oracle Standard Edition
simulating a standby database environment, 2.3.2

P

pageout considerations, 10.1.1.2
pageouts
SQL Apply, 10.1.1.2
parallel DML (PDML) transactions
SQL Apply, 10.1.1.3, 10.1.1.4
patch set releases
upgrading, 2.3.2
performance
balancing against data availability, 1.7
balancing against data protection, 1.7
physical standby databases
applying redo data, 7.1, 7.3
Redo Apply technology, 7.3
applying redo log files
starting, 7.3.1
benefits, 2.1.1
configuration options, 2.4
converting datafile path names, 3.2.3
converting log file path names, 3.2.3
converting to a logical standby database, 4.2.4.1
creating
checklist of tasks, 3.2
configuring a listener, 3.2.5
directory structure, 2.4
initialization parameters for, 3.2.3
with Data Guard broker, 1.3
defined, 1.1.2
failover
checking for updates, 8.1.4
flashing back after failover, 13.2.1
monitoring, 7.3.3, 9.5.1, 17
opening for read-only or read/write access, 9.2
read-only, 9.2
recovering through OPEN RESETLOGS, 9.4
Redo Apply, 1.2.2
resynchronizing with primary database branch of redo, 9.4, 9.4
role transition and, 8.2
rolling forward with BACKUP INCREMENTAL FROM SCN command, 11.10
shutting down, 9.1.2
starting
apply services, 7.3.1
real-time apply, 7.3.1
synchronizing with the primary database, 11.10
tuning the log apply rate, 9.6
upgrading, B.2
using transportable tablespaces, 9.3.3
PL/SQL supplied packages
supported, C.9.1
unsupported, C.9.2
PREPARE TO SWITCHOVER clause
of ALTER DATABASE, 8.3.1, 8.3.1, 16.1
PREPARER process, 10.1
staging LCRs in SGA, 10.1
primary database
backups and, 8.3.2
configuring
on Oracle Real Application Clusters, 1.1.1
single-instance, 1.1.1
datafiles
adding, 9.3.1
defined, 1.1.1
failover and, 8.1
gap resolution, 1.7
initialization parameters
and physical standby database, 3.2.3
monitoring events on, 9.5
network connections
avoiding network hangs, 15
handling network timeouts, 15
Oracle Real Application Clusters and
setting up, D.1.1
preparing for
physical standby database creation, 3.1
prerequisite conditions for
logical standby database creation, 4.1
redo transport services on, 1.2.1
reducing workload on, 1.7
switchover, 8.1.3
tablespaces
adding, 9.3.1
primary databases
ARCHIVELOG mode, 2.3.2
software requirements, 2.3.2
primary key columns
logged with supplemental logging, 4.2.3.2, 10.1.1.4
primary role, 1.1.1
processes
CJQ0, A.4.2
DBSNMP, A.4.2
preventing switchover, A.4.2
QMN0, A.4.2
SQL Apply architecture, 10.1, 10.4.1
protection modes
maximum availability mode, 1.4
maximum performance, 5.1
maximum performance mode, 1.4
maximum protection mode, 1.4
monitoring, 9.5
setting on a primary database, 5.2

Q

QMN0 process, A.4.2
queries
offloading on the standby database, 1.7

R

RAW data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.1
READER process, 10.1
read-only operations, 1.2.2
physical standby databases and, 9.2
real-time apply
defined, 7.2.1
overview of log apply services, 1.2
starting, 7.3.1
on logical standby, 7.4.1
starting on logical standby databases, 7.4.1
starting on physical standby databases, 7.3.1
stopping
on logical standby, 7.4.2
on physical standby databases, 9.1.2
tracing data with LOG_ARCHIVE_TRACE initialization parameter, F.2
real-time query, 9.2.1
configuring apply lag tolerance, 9.2.1.2
forcing Redo Apply synchronization, 9.2.1.3
monitoring apply lag, 9.2.1.1
RECORD_UNSUPPORTED_OPERATIONS
example, 10.5.1
RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE CANCEL clause
aborting, 4.2.4.1
RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE clause
canceling the DELAY control option, 7.2.2
of ALTER DATABASE, 3.2.6, 4.2.5, 7.3.1, 16.1, 16.1, 16.1, 16.1
background process, 7.3.1
controlling Redo Apply, 7.3.1, 11.8.2
foreground session, 7.3.1
overriding the delay interval, 7.2.2
starting real time apply, 7.3.1
RECOVER TO LOGICAL STANDBY clause
converting a physical standby database to a logical standby database, 4.2.4.1
recovering
from errors, A.10.1
logical standby databases, 10.6.5
physical standby databases
after an OPEN RESETLOGS, 9.4, 9.4
through resetlogs, 9.4, 10.6.5
Recovery Manager
characteristics complementary to Data Guard, 1.6
commands
DUPLICATE, E.2.1
standby database
creating, E.2.1
LOG_FILE_NAME_CONVERT initialization parameter, E.2.2.4
preparing using RMAN, E.2.2
re-creating
a table on a logical standby database, 10.5.5
Redo Apply
defined, 1.2.2, 7.1
flashing back after failover, 13.2.1
starting, 3.2.6, 7.3.1
stopping, 9.1.2
technology, 1.2.2
tuning the log apply rate, 9.6
redo data
applying
through Redo Apply technology, 1.2.2
through SQL Apply technology, 1.2.2
to standby database, 7.1
to standby databases, 1.1.2
applying during conversion of a physical standby database to a logical standby database, 4.2.4.1
archiving on the standby system, 1.2.2, 7.1
building a dictionary in, 4.2.3.2
cascading, 6.3
manually transferring, 2.3.2
transmitting, 1.1.2, 1.2.1
redo gaps, 6.4.3
manual resolution, 6.4.3.1
reducing resolution time, 6.4.3
redo log files
delaying application, 7.2.2
redo logs
automatic application on physical standby databases, 7.3.1
update standby database tables, 1.7
redo transport services, 6
archive destinations
alternate, A.2
re-archiving to failed destinations, 15
authenticating sessions
using a password file, 6.2.1.2
using SSL, 6.2.1.1
configuring, 6.2
configuring security, 6.2.1
defined, 1.2.1
gap detection, 6.4.3
handling archive failures, 15
monitoring status, 6.4.1
network
tuning, A.7
protection modes
maximum availability mode, 1.4
maximum performance mode, 1.4
maximum protection mode, 1.4
receiving redo data, 6.2.3
sending redo data, 6.2.2
synchronous and asynchronous disk I/O, 15
wait events, 6.4.4
REGISTER LOGFILE clause
of ALTER DATABASE, 16.1, A.4.1
REGISTER LOGICAL LOGFILE clause
of ALTER DATABASE, 8.3.2
registering
archived redo log files
during failover, 8.3.2
RELY constraint
creating, 4.1.2
remote file server process (RFS)
log writer process and, 7.2.1
RENAME FILE clause
of ALTER DATABASE, A.1.1, A.1.1
renaming
datafiles
on the primary database, 9.3.4
setting the STANDBY_FILE_MANAGEMENT parameter, 9.3.4
REOPEN attribute, 15, 15
reporting operations
configuring, 1.1.3
offloading on the standby database, 1.7
performing on a logical standby database, 1.1.2
requirements
of a rolling upgrade, 12.2
restart considerations
SQL Apply, 10.1.1.3
resynchronizing
logical standby databases with a new branch of redo, 10.6.5
physical standby databases with a new branch of redo, 9.4, 9.4
retrieving
missing archived redo log files, 1.2.1, 1.7
RMAN
incremental backups, 11.10
rolling forward physical standby databases, 11.10
RMAN BACKUP INCREMENTAL FROM SCN command, 11.10
RMAN backups
accessibility in Data Guard environment, 11.1.3
association in Data Guard environment, 11.1.2
interchangeability in Data Guard environment, 11.1.1
role management services
defined, 8
role transition triggers, 8.1.5
DB_ROLE_CHANGE system event, 8.1.5
role transitions, 1.2.3, 8.1
choosing a type of, 8.1.1
defined, 1.2.3
flashing back the databases after, 8.4
logical standby database and, 8.3
monitoring, 9.5
physical standby databases and, 8.2
reversals, 1.2.3, 8.1
role-based destinations
setting, 15
rollback
after switchover failures, A.4.5
rolling upgrade
software requirements, 2.3.2
rolling upgrades
benefits, 12.1
patch set releases, 2.3.2
requirements, 12.2
setting the COMPATIBLE initialization parameter, 12.2, 12.5, 12.5
unsupported data types and storage attributes, 12.4
use of KEEP IDENTITY clause, 4.2.4.1
ROWID data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.2

S

scenarios
recovering
after NOLOGGING is specified, 13.4
schemas
identical to primary database, 1.1.2
SCN
using for incremental backups, 11.10
sequences
unsupported on logical standby databases, C.10
SERVICE attribute, 15
SET STANDBY DATABASE clause
of ALTER DATA, 16.1
of ALTER DATABASE, 8.1.4, 16.1
shutting down
physical standby database, 9.1.2
simulating
standby database environment, 2.3.2
skip handler
setting up on a logical standby database, 10.5.3
SKIP procedure
of DBMS_LOGSTDBY, A.6
SKIP_ERROR procedure
of the DBMS_LOGSTDBY package, A.3
SKIP_TRANSACTION procedure
of DBMS_LOGSTDBY, A.6
snapshot standby databases, 1.1.2
managing, 9.7
software requirements, 2.3.2
rolling upgrades, 2.3.2, 2.3.2
Spatial data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.2
SQL Apply, 7.4.2, 10.1.1.2
after an OPEN RESETLOGS, 10.6.5
ANALYZER process, 10.1
APPLIER process, 10.1
applying CREATE TABLE AS SELECT (CTAS) statements, 10.1.1.5
applying DDL transactions, 10.1.1.5, 10.1.1.5
applying DML transactions, 10.1.1.4
architecture, 10.1, 10.4.1
BUILDER process, 10.1
COORDINATOR process, 10.1
defined, 1.2.2, 7.1
deleting archived redo log files, 10.4.2
parallel DML (PDML) transactions, 10.1.1.3, 10.1.1.4
performing a rolling upgrade, 12.1
PREPARER process, 10.1
READER process, 10.1
requirements for rolling upgrades, 12.2
restart considerations, 10.1.1.3
rolling upgrades, 2.3.2
starting
real-time apply, 7.4.1
stopping
real-time apply, 7.4.2
support for DDL statements, C
support for PL/SQL supplied packages, C.9.1
supported data types, C.1.1
transaction size considerations, 10.1.1.1
unsupported data types, C.1.2
unsupported PL/SQL supplied packages, C.9.2
viewing current activity, 10.1
of processes, 10.1
what to do if it stops, A.6
SQL sessions
causing switchover failures, A.4.2
SQL statements
executing on logical standby databases, 1.1.2, 1.2.2
skipping on logical standby databases, C.11
standby database
creating logical, 4
standby databases
about creating using RMAN, E.2.1
apply services on, 7.1
applying redo data on, 7
applying redo log files on, 1.2.2, 1.7
ARCn processes using multiple network connections, 15
configuring, 1.1
maximum number of, 2
on Oracle Real Application Clusters, 1.1.2, D.1
on remote locations, 1.1.3
single-instance, 1.1.2
creating, 1.1.2, 3
checklist of tasks, 4.2
directory structure considerations, 2.4
if primary uses ASM or OMF, 13.5
on remote host with same directory structure, E.3
with a time lag, 7.2.2
defined, 2.1
failover
preparing for, 8.1.4
failover to, 8.1.4
LOG_FILE_NAME_CONVERT initialization parameter, E.2.2.4
operational requirements, 2.3, 2.3.2
preparing to use RMAN, E.2.2
recovering through OPEN RESETLOGS, 9.4
resynchronizing with the primary database, 1.7
rolling forward with RMAN incremental backups, 11.10
SET AUXNAME command, E.2.2.4
SET NEWNAME command, E.2.2.4
software requirements, 2.3.2
starting apply services on physical, 7.3.1
See also physical standby databases
standby redo log files
and real-time apply, 7.2.1
standby redo logs
archiving to a fast recovery area, 6.2.3.2.2
archiving to a local file system, 6.2.3.2.3
configuring archival of, 6.2.3.2
creating and managing, 6.2.3.1
standby role, 1.1.2
STANDBY_FILE_MANAGEMENT initialization parameter
when renaming datafiles, 9.3.4
START LOGICAL STANDBY APPLY clause
IMMEDIATE keyword, 7.4.1
of ALTER DATABASE, 4.2.5, 7.4.1, 12.5, A.6
starting
logical standby databases, 4.2.5
physical standby databases, 3.2.6
real-time apply, 7.4.1, 7.4.1
on logical standby databases, 7.4.1, 7.4.1
on physical standby databases, 7.3.1, 7.3.1
Redo Apply, 3.2.6, 7.3.1, 9.1.1
SQL Apply, 4.2.5, 7.4.1
STOP LOGICAL STANDBY APPLY clause
of ALTER DATABASE, 7.4.2, 8.3.2, 16.1
stopping
real-time apply
on logical standby databases, 7.4.2
real-time apply on physical standby databases, 7.3.2
Redo Apply, 7.3.2
SQL Apply, 7.4.2
storage attributes
unsupported during a rolling upgrade, 12.4
streams capture
running on a logical standby, 10.6.6
supplemental logging
setting up to log primary key and unique-index columns, 4.2.3.2, 10.1.1.4
supported data types
for logical standby databases, C, C.12
supported PL/SQL supplied packages, C.9.1
SWITCH LOGFILE clause
of ALTER SYSTEM, 3.2.7
SWITCHOVER_STATUS column
of V$DATABASE view, A.4.1
switchovers, 1.2.3
choosing a target standby database, 8.1.2
defined, 1.2.3, 8.1
displaying history with DBA_LOGSTDBY_HISTORY, 17
fails with ORA-01102, A.4.3
flashing back databases after, 8.4
logical standby databases and, 8.3.1
manual versus automatic, 1.2.3
monitoring, 9.5
no data loss and, 8.1
preparing for, 8.1.3
prevented by
active SQL sessions, A.4.2
CJQ0 process, A.4.2
DBSNMP process, A.4.2
processes, A.4.2
QMN0 process, A.4.2
seeing if the last archived redo log file was transmitted, A.4.1
setting DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT after, A.4.4
setting LOG_FILE_NAME_CONVERT after, A.4.4
simplifying with Data Guard broker, 1.3, 8
starting over, A.4.5
typical use for, 8.1.3
SYNC attribute, 15
system events
role transitions, 8.1.5
system global area (SGA)
logical change records staged in, 10.1
system resources
efficient utilization of, 1.7

T

tables
logical standby databases
adding on, 10.5.5
re-creating tables on, 10.5.5
unsupported on, C.10
tablespaces
adding
a new datafile, A.10.1.1
to primary database, 9.3.1
monitoring status changes, 9.5
moving between databases, 9.3.3
target standby database
for switchover, 8.1.2
terminating
network connection, 15
text indexes
supported by logical standby databases, C.1.2
throughput
on logical standby databases, 10.1.1.4, 10.1.1.5
time lag
delaying application of archived redo log files, 7.2.2, 15
in standby database, 7.2.2, 15
TIME_COMPUTED column, 8.1.2
TIME_COMPUTED column of the V$DATAGUARD_STATS view, 8.1.2
TIMESTAMP data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.1
tnsnames.ora file
redo transport services tuning and, A.7
troubleshooting, A.1.2, A.4.4, A.7
trace files
levels of tracing data, F.2
setting, F.1
tracking real-time apply, F.2
transaction size considerations
SQL Apply, 10.1.1.1
Transparent Data Encryption
support by SQL Apply, C.2
transportable tablespaces
using with a physical standby database, 9.3.3
triggers
handled on a logical standby database, 10.6.3
role transitions, 8.1.5
troubleshooting
if SQL Apply stops, A.6
last redo data was not transmitted, A.4.1
listener.ora file, A.1.2, A.7
logical standby database failures, A.3
processes that prevent switchover, A.4.2
SQL Apply, A.6
switchovers, A.4
active SQL sessions, A.4.2
ORA-01102 message, A.4.3
roll back and start over, A.4.5
tnsnames.ora file, A.1.2, A.4.4, A.7
tuning
log apply rate for Redo Apply, 9.6

U

unique-index columns
logged with supplemental logging, 4.2.3.2, 10.1.1.4
unrecoverable operations, 13.4.2
backing up after, 13.4.3
unsupported data types
during a rolling upgrade, 12.4
unsupported operations
capturing in DBA_LOGSTDBY_EVENTS view, 10.5.1
unsupported PL/SQL supplied packages, C.9.2
upgrading
Oracle Database software, 2.3.2, 12.1, B, B.1
setting the COMPATIBLE initialization parameter, B.4
UROWID data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.2
user-defined data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.2
USING CURRENT LOGFILE clause
starting real time apply, 7.3.1

V

V$ARCHIVE_DEST view, 17, A.1.2
displaying information for all destinations, 17
V$ARCHIVE_DEST_STATUS view, 17
V$ARCHIVE_GAP view, 17
V$ARCHIVED_LOG view, 9.5.1.3, 17, A.4.1
V$DATABASE view, 17
monitoring fast-start failover, 9.5
SWITCHOVER_STATUS column and, A.4.1
V$DATABASE_INCARNATION view, 17
V$DATAFILE view, 13.4.2, 13.4.3, 17
V$DATAGUARD_CONFIG view, 17
listing database names defined with LOG_ARCHIVE_CONFIG, 17
V$DATAGUARD_STATS view, 8.1.2, 17
V$DATAGUARD_STATUS view, 9.5.1.5, 17
V$FS_FAILOVER_STATS view, 17
V$LOG view, 17
V$LOG_HISTORY view, 9.5.1.4, 17
V$LOGFILE view, 17
V$LOGSTDBY_PROCESS view, 10.1, 10.3.4, 10.3.4, 10.4.1, 10.7.3.1, 10.7.3.2, 17
V$LOGSTDBY_PROGRESS view, 10.3.5, 17
RESTART_SCN column, 10.1.1.3
V$LOGSTDBY_STATE view, 8.1.2, 10.3.6, 10.4.1, 17
V$LOGSTDBY_STATS view, 10.1, 10.3.7, 17
failover characteristics, 10.3.3
V$LOGSTDBY_TRANSACTION view, 17
V$MANAGED_STANDBY view, 9.5.1.2, 9.5.1.2, 17
V$REDO_DEST_RESP_HISTOGRAM
using to monitor synchronous redo transport response time, 6.4.2
V$REDO_DEST_RESP_HISTOGRAM view, 17
V$SESSION view, A.4.2
V$STANDBY_EVENT_HISTOGRAM view, 17
V$STANDBY_LOG view, 17
V$THREAD view, 9.5
VALID_FOR attribute, 15
VARCHAR data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.1
VARCHAR2 data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.1
verifying
logical standby databases, 4.2.6
physical standby databases, 3.2.7
versions
upgrading Oracle Database software, 12.1
views
DBA_LOGSTDBY_EVENTS, 10.3.1, 17, A.6
DBA_LOGSTDBY_HISTORY, 17
DBA_LOGSTDBY_LOG, 10.3.2, 17
DBA_LOGSTDBY_NOT_UNIQUE, 17
DBA_LOGSTDBY_PARAMETERS, 17
DBA_LOGSTDBY_SKIP, 17
DBA_LOGSTDBY_SKIP_TRANSACTION, 17
DBA_LOGSTDBY_UNSUPPORTED, 17
GV$INSTANCE, D.3.1
V$ARCHIVE_DEST, 17, A.1.2
V$ARCHIVE_DEST_STATUS, 17
V$ARCHIVED_GAP, 17
V$ARCHIVED_LOG, 9.5.1.3, 17
V$DATABASE, 17
V$DATABASE_INCARNATION, 17
V$DATAFILE, 13.4.2, 13.4.3, 17
V$DATAGUARD_CONFIG, 17
V$DATAGUARD_STATS, 17
V$DATAGUARD_STATUS, 9.5.1.5, 17
V$FS_FAILOVER_STATS, 17
V$LOG, 17
V$LOG_HISTORY, 9.5.1.4, 17
V$LOGFILE, 17
V$LOGSTDBY_PROCESS, 10.1, 10.3.4, 17
V$LOGSTDBY_PROGRESS, 10.3.5, 17
V$LOGSTDBY_STATE, 10.3.6, 17
V$LOGSTDBY_STATS, 10.1, 10.3.7, 17
V$LOGSTDBY_TRANSACTION, 17
V$MANAGED_STANDBY, 9.5.1.2, 9.5.1.2, 17
V$REDO_DEST_RESP_HISTOGRAM, 17
V$SESSION, A.4.2
V$STANDBY_EVENT_HISTOGRAM, 17
V$STANDBY_LOG, 17
V$THREAD, 9.5

W

wait events
for redo transport services, 6.4.4
WAITING FOR DICTIONARY LOGS state, 10.4.1
waiting on gap state, 10.4.1

X

XMLType data types
in logical standby databases, C.1.1

Z

zero downtime instantiation
logical standby databases, 4.2