V$STANDBY_EVENT_HISTOGRAM displays the histogram of apply lag on the physical standby. Each distinct value of apply lag has its own bucket and the count in the corresponding bucket represents the number of occurrences so far. The physical standby samples the apply lag every second and increments the corresponding bucket in the histogram.
Name of the event (currently APPLY LAG is the only valid value)
Time duration that the bucket represents
Time unit (seconds, minutes, hours, or days)
Count of occurrences falling into this bucket
Last time the bucket was updated by an event falling into that time duration