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Oracle® Database SQL Language Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)

Part Number E17118-03
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TO_YMINTERVAL

Syntax

Description of to_yminterval.gif follows
Description of the illustration to_yminterval.gif

ym_iso_format::=

Description of ym_iso_format.gif follows
Description of the illustration ym_iso_format.gif

Purpose

TO_YMINTERVAL converts a character string of CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, or NVARCHAR2 data type to an INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH type.

TO_YMINTERVAL accepts argument in one of the two formats:

In the SQL format, years is an integer between 0 and 999999999, and months is an integer between 0 and 11. Additional blanks are allowed between format elements.

In the ISO format, years and months are integers between 0 and 999999999. Days, hours, minutes, seconds, and frac_secs are non-negative integers, and are ignored, if specified. No blanks are allowed in the value.

Examples

The following example calculates for each employee in the sample hr.employees table a date one year two months after the hire date:

SELECT hire_date, hire_date + TO_YMINTERVAL('01-02') "14 months"
   FROM employees;

HIRE_DATE 14 months
--------- ---------
17-JUN-03 17-AUG-04
21-SEP-05 21-NOV-06
13-JAN-01 13-MAR-02
20-MAY-08 20-JUL-09
21-MAY-07 21-JUL-08

. . .

The following example makes the same calculation using the ISO format:

SELECT hire_date, hire_date + TO_YMINTERVAL('P1Y2M') FROM employees;