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Oracle® Database SQL Language Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)

Part Number E17118-03
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SAVEPOINT

Purpose

Use the SAVEPOINT statement to create a name for a system change number (SCN), to which you can later roll back.

See Also:

Prerequisites

None.

Syntax

savepoint::=

Description of savepoint.gif follows
Description of the illustration savepoint.gif

Semantics

savepoint

Specify the name of the savepoint to be created.

Savepoint names must be distinct within a given transaction. If you create a second savepoint with the same identifier as an earlier savepoint, then the earlier savepoint is erased. After a savepoint has been created, you can either continue processing, commit your work, roll back the entire transaction, or roll back to the savepoint.

Example

Creating Savepoints: Example To update the salary for Banda and Greene in the sample table hr.employees, check that the total department salary does not exceed 314,000, then reenter the salary for Greene:

UPDATE employees 
    SET salary = 7000 
    WHERE last_name = 'Banda';
SAVEPOINT banda_sal;

UPDATE employees 
    SET salary = 12000 
    WHERE last_name = 'Greene';
SAVEPOINT greene_sal;

SELECT SUM(salary) FROM employees;

ROLLBACK TO SAVEPOINT banda_sal;
 
UPDATE employees 
    SET salary = 11000 
    WHERE last_name = 'Greene';
 
COMMIT;