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Oracle® TimesTen In-Memory Database C Developer's Guide
Release 11.2.1

Part Number E13066-05
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7 Application Tuning

This chapter describes how to tune a C application to run optimally on a TimesTen data store. See "TimesTen Database Performance Tuning" in Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide for more general tuning tips.

This chapter includes the following topics:

Bypass driver manager if appropriate

TimesTen permits ODBC applications that do not need some of the functionality provided by a driver manager to link without one. In particular, applications that do not need ODBC access to database systems other than TimesTen should consider omitting the driver manager. This is done by linking the application directly with the TimesTen Data Manager or client driver, as described in "Linking options". The performance improvement will be significant.

"Testing link options" explains how to determine whether an application is linked directly with the driver or with the driver manager.

Note:

It is permissible for some applications connected to a data store to be linked with the driver manager, while others connected to the same data store are direct-linked.

Using arrays of parameters for batch execution

You can improve performance by using groups, referred to as "batches", of statement executions in your application.

The SQLParamOptions ODBC function allows an application to specify multiple values for the set of parameters assigned by SQLBindParameter. This is useful for processing the same SQL statement multiple times with various parameter values. For example, your application can specify multiple sets of values for the set of parameters associated with an INSERT statement, and then execute the INSERT statement once to perform all the insert operations.

TimesTen supports the use of SQLParamOptions with INSERT, UPDATE and DELETE statements, but not with SELECT statements. TimesTen recommends the following batch sizes for Release 11.2.1:

Table 7-1 provides a summary of SQLParamOptions arguments. Refer to ODBC API reference documentation for details.

Table 7-1 SQLParamOptions arguments

Argument Type Description

hstmt

SQLHSTMT

Statement handle.

crow

SQLROWSETSIZE

Number of values for each parameter.

pirow

SQLROWSETSIZE

Pointer to storage for the current row number.


Assuming the crow value is greater than 1, the rgbValue argument of SQLBindParameter points to an array of parameter values and the pcbValue argument points to an array of lengths. (Also see "SQLBindParameter function".)

Refer to the TimesTen Quick Start demo source file bulkinsert.c for a complete working example of batching. (Also, for programming in C++ with TTClasses, see bulktest.cpp.)

Note:

When using SQLParamOptions with the TimesTen Client/Server driver, data-at-execution parameters are not supported.

Avoid excessive binds

The purpose of a SQLBindCol or SQLBindParameter call is to associate a type conversion and program buffer with a data column or parameter. For a given SQL statement, if the type conversion or memory buffer for a given data column or parameter is not going to change over repeated executions of the statement, it is better not to make repeated calls to SQLBindCol or SQLBindParameter.

Note:

A call to SQLFreeStmt with the SQL_UNBIND option unbinds all columns.

Avoid SQLGetData

SQLGetData can be used for fetching data without binding columns. This can sometimes have a negative impact on performance because applications have to issue a SQLGetData ODBC call for every column of every row that is fetched. In contrast, using bound columns requires only one ODBC call for each fetched column. Further, the TimesTen ODBC driver is more highly optimized for the bound columns method of fetching data.

SQLGetData can be very useful, though, for doing piece-wise fetches of data from long character or binary columns.

Avoid data type conversions

TimesTen instruction paths are so short that even small delays due to data conversion can cause a relatively large percentage increase in transaction time. To avoid data type conversions:

Bulk fetch rows of TimesTen data

TimesTen provides the TT_PREFETCH_COUNT option, which can be set through SQLSetStmtOption and allows an application to fetch multiple rows of data. This feature is available for applications that use the READ_COMMITTED isolation level. For applications that retrieve large amounts of TimesTen data, fetching multiple rows can increase performance greatly. However, locks are held on all rows being retrieved until all the application has received all the data, decreasing concurrency. For more information on how to use TT_PREFETCH_COUNT, see "Prefetching multiple rows of data".