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Oracle Warehouse Management User's Guide
Release 12.1
Part Number E13433-07
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address validation
The type of validation you want the system to use for your address, if you are not using a flexible address format for validation. Address validation can be implemented at three levels- Error, No Validation, or Warning. 'Error' ensures that all locations exist for your address before it can be saved. 'Warning' displays a warning message if a tax rate does not exist for this address (allows you to save the record). No Validation does not validate the address.
advanced ship notice (ASN)
An electronic document that notifies the customer of a supplier shipment and its contents. This document can include a list of shipment contents, order information, product description, physical characteristics, type of packaging, marking carrier information and configuration of the goods within the transportation equipment. The ASC X12 transaction name for this EDI document is the 856. The EDIFACT message name for this EDI document is DESADV. Also referred to as Ship Notice/Manifest.
advanced task framework
The infrastructure that supports advanced task management and execution capabilities with the aid of tasks, operations, operation plans, activities and zones.
allocated ATP
This term is used to describe the ability to allocate scarce supply, whether it's finished goods, or a key components or resources, to various demand channels. Whether you are performing ATP or CTP, the allocation is being considered for order promising. See Feature Highlight: Allocation.
Areas represent either a section of the plant floor or an entire plant facility. You can use inventory organizations to define areas.
Advanced Shipping Notice
An item that has a bill of material. You can purchase or manufacture an assembly item. seeassemble-to-order, bill of material.
assembly completion transaction
A material transaction where you receive assemblies into inventory from a job or schedule upon completion of the manufacture of the assembly.
asset subinventory
Subdivision of an organization, representing either a physical area or a logical grouping of items, such as a storeroom where quantity balances are maintained for all items and values are maintained for asset items.
A basic data element used by Oracle Pricing to control pricing activity. For example, Pricing uses attributes to define the eligibility of a customer order to receive a particular price or modifier. In Oracle Pricing, individual attributes are obtained from data sources that are called contexts. Pricing attributes may also be used as elements of a pricing formula.
Availability means how much of the item is in stock (and not reserved) in the default location. Calculation is ‘on-hand minus reserved.'
available to promise quantity
See available to promise (ATP).
available to reserve (ATR)
The quantity of on-hand stock available for reservation. It is the current on-hand stock less any reserved stock.
available to transact (ATT)
Quantity on hand less all reservations for the item which may be transferred within or out of inventory.


backordered lines
Unfulfilled order line details which have failed to be released at least once by Pick Release or have been backordered by Ship Confirm.
business object
An independent item of significance in the business world, such as an order.


See freight carrier
A system generated suggestion of the use of a specific carton in which to pack material.
Code used to group items with similar characteristics, such as plastics, metals, or glass items.
category set
A feature in Inventory where users may define their own group of categories. Typical category sets include purchasing, materials, costing, and planning.
common locator
A locator without a project or project and task segment values. A common locator represents a physical location. seeproject locator.
common subinventory
Subinventory that does not have a project reference into which items can be delivered and out of which items can be issued and transferred.
completion locator
An inventory location within a completion subinventory where you receive completed assemblies from work in process.
completion subinventory
An inventory location at the end of your production line where you receive completed assemblies from work in process. Often this is the supply subinventory for subassemblies or finished goods inventories for final assemblies.
The receptacle (box, tank, etc.) in which items to be shipped are placed.
cost group
An attribute of a project which allows the system to hold item unit costs at a level below the inventory organization. Within an organization, an item may have more than one cost if it belongs to multiple cost groups. Item costing can be specific to a single project if each project has a distinct cost group, or specific to a group of projects if all projects in that group are assigned to the same cost group.
cost group rule
A user defined rule, based on business practices, that assigns a specific cost group to material based on criteria defined in the rules engine.
cross docking
Cross docking refers to when you have a shortage for a given item, and when you receive that item, you send it straight to the source of demand instead of putting it away in its usual storage location.
cumulative received quantity
The total quantity of goods (e.g. shipped or received) during a defined period of time, e.g. Model Year. This can be used by suppliers to represent year-to-date shipped and by trading partners as year-to-date received.
current date
The present system date.
current on-hand quantity
Total quantity of the item on-hand before a transaction is processed.
As a party to a contract, the customer is responsible for oversight of the contract, payments and any agreed-to obligations with the contractor. The organization which is in the process of placing an order with the company.
customer item
Allows you to define specific attributes for items per customer class, customer and ship-to/bill-to location. Demand Tolerance is an example for such an attribute.
customer item number
Item Number used only by a particular customer, and it represents the item's name used in the customer's organization.
cycle counting
An inventory accuracy analysis technique where inventory is counted on a cyclic schedule rather than once a year.


A set of order lines to be shipped to a customer's ship-to location on a given date in a given vehicle. Multiple deliveries can be grouped into a single departure. A single delivery may include items from different sales orders and may include backorders as well as regular orders.
An area within your organization that consists of one or more people, machines, or suppliers. You can also assign and update resources to a department.
department class
A group of departments.
descriptive flexfield
A feature used to collect information unique to your business. You determine the additional information you need and descriptive flexfield lets you customize your application to your needs without additional programming.
direct receipt
The receipt of an item directly to its final destination (either directly to the person who requested the item or directly to the final inventory location). It differs from a standard receipt in that it is received into a receiving location and delivered in one transaction, rather than received and delivered in two separate transactions.
discrete manufacturing
A manufacturing environment where you build assemblies in discrete jobs or batches. Different from a repetitive production environment where you build assemblies on production or assembly lines at a daily rate.
Any document that furnishes information to support a business object or an action on the business object. Examples include: a purchase order document, an invoice document, a word processing file listing receiving instructions, CAD files citing an item's specifications, or video instructions of an assembly operation.
due date
The date when scheduled receipts are currently expected to be received into inventory and become available for use.


effective date
Date when an Oracle Manufacturing function is available for use. For example, this could be the date a bill of material component or routing operation becomes effective, or the date you anticipate revised item changes become part of a bill of material and can no longer be controlled by an ECO.
effective dates
Start date and end date that a price, discount, surcharge, deal, promotion, or change is active.
An occurrence of the specified condition found during an alert check. For example, an alert testing for invoices on hold may find five invoices on hold, or none. Each invoice on hold is an exception.
express delivery
An option that lets you deliver the entire quantity of a receipt without entering quantities for each shipment or distribution.
express receipt
A site option that lets you receive an entire purchase order or blanket purchase agreement release with one keystroke.


A field made up of segments. Each segment has a name you assign and a set of valid values. seedescriptive flexfield and key flexfield.
flexfield segment
One of the parts of your key flexfield, separated from the other parts by a symbol you choose (such as -, /, or \). Each segment typically represents a cost center, company, item family, or color code.
flow manufacturing
Manufacturing philosophy utilizing production lines and schedules instead of work orders to drive production. Mixed models are grouped into families and produced on lines balanced to the take time.
freight carrier
A commercial company used to send item shipments from one address to another.
Fulfilled sales order lines have successfully completed all Workflow processing activities up to the point of becoming eligible for invoicing.


hard reservation
Sales order demand that you firm by reserving selected inventory for the purposes of material planning, available to promise calculations, and customer service issues.


inter-organization transfer
Transfer of items from one inventory organization to another You can have freight charges and transfer credits associated with inter-organization transfer. You can choose to ship items directly or have them go through intransit inventory.
internal item number
The internal representation of Item's Name within your organization.
internal order
A sales order in the Order Management system that is generated from an internal requisition in the Purchasing system and loaded into OM through Order Import.
internal requisition
A requisition in the Purchasing system that will directly result in the generation of a sales order in the Order Management system through the Order Import process in OM.
internal sales order
A request within your company for goods or services. An internal sales order originates from an employee or from another process as a requisition, such as inventory or manufacturing, and becomes an internal sales order when the information is transferred from Purchasing to Order Management. Also known asinternal requisition or purchase requisition.
intransit inventory
Items being shipped from one inventory organization to another. While items are intransit you can view and update arrival date, freight charges, and so on.
inventory allocation
The act of assigning on hand inventory to specific orders.
inventory controls
Parameter settings that control how Inventory functions.
inventory item
Items you stock in inventory. You control inventory for inventory items by quantity and value. Typically, the inventory item remains an asset until you consume it. You recognize the cost of an inventory item as an expense when you consume it or sell it. You generally value the inventory for an item by multiplying the item standard cost by the quantity on hand.
inventory organization
An organization that tracks inventory transactions and balances, and/or that manufactures or distributes products.
inventory parameters
The set of controls, default options, and default account numbers that determine how Inventory functions.
inventory transaction
A record of material movement. The basic information for a transaction includes the item number, the quantity moved, the transaction amount, the accounting flexfields, and the date. Seematerial transaction.
issue transaction
A material transaction to issue component items from inventory to work in process.
Anything you make, purchase, or sell, including components, subassemblies, finished products, or supplies. Oracle Manufacturing also uses items to represent planning items that you can forecast, standard lines that you can include on invoices, and option classes you can use to group options in model and option class bills.
item attribute control level
To maintain item attributes at the item master attribute level or the organization specific level by defining item attribute control consistent with your company policies. For example, if your company determines serial number control at headquarters regardless of where items are used, you define and maintain serial number attribute control at the item master level. If each organization maintains serial number control locally, they maintain those attributes at the organization specific level.
item attributes
Specific characteristics of an item, such as order cost, item status, revision control, COGS account, etc.
item category
See category.
item groups
A group of related products that can be added to one or more price lists.
item master level attribute
An item attribute you control at the item master level as opposed to controlling at the organization level.
item status
Code used to control the transaction activity of an item.


A category of personnel in your organization. Examples of a typical job include Vice President, Buyer, and Manager.seeposition.


A method of Just-in-Time production that uses standard containers or lot sizes with a single card attached to each. It is a pull system in which work centers signal with a card that they wish to withdraw parts from feeding operations or suppliers. The Japanese word kanban, loosely translated, means card, billboard, or sign. The term is often used synonymously for the specific scheduling system developed and used by the Toyota Corporation in Japan.
kanban card
The visual replenishment signal. It corresponds to a kanban bin. Replenishable kanban cards are based on pull sequences; non-replenishable cards can be created manually.
kanban items
An item that is pulled through the Kanban system, rather than pushed by the planner, is called a Kanban-released item, or simply Kanban item. Your planning system can have Kanban items and items released by the planner.
kanban pull sequence
A body of information that defines the kanban location, source information, and planning parameters required to calculate the kanban size for a given kanban bin. Replenishment chains are created by multiple pull sequences.


labeling rule
A user defined rule, based on business practices, that directs the labeling of material based on criteria defined in the rules engine. A labeling rule may be defined to use a Hazmat label for all items that are hazardous.
license plate number (LPN)
License Plate Numbers uniquely identify each container in the supply chain. Contents of each container are tracked by this identifier. LPNs are used to store and transact inventory throughout the supply chain and may be individually transacted through its packed/unpacked, reservation and shipment sealing processing. A license plate number is a unique identifier for a collection of items in a single location. LPNs store their contents, including item, revision, lot and serial numbers, and the quantities. LPNs also store their current location including organization, subinventory and locator.
Physical area within a subinventory where you store material, such as a row, aisle, bin, or shelf.
lot control
An Oracle Manufacturing technique for enforcing use of lot numbers during material transactions thus enabling the tracking of batches of items throughout their movement in and out of inventory.
lot genealogy
In Oracle Shop Floor Management you can view the historical production information of a lot including the sectors lot has moved, stocking locations, and transactions.
lot merging
In Oracle Shop Floor Management you can combine multiple lots into one resulting lot. The starting lots must be the same revision level for the item, attributes values, intraoperation step, department, and resources.
lot splitting
The splitting of a parent lot into multiple child lots.


material status
Makes it possible to control the movement and usage of portions of on hand inventory that might have distinct differences because of grade, quality, or maturity level.
material workbench
A tool used to query item information, location information, cost group information, status information, LPN information, and lot and serial information. It is also used to perform some transactions including move order subtransfers, move order issues, material status updates, cost group changes and cycle count requests.
min-max planning
An inventory planning method used to determine when and how much to order based on a fixed user-entered minimum and maximum inventory levels.
mobile devices
Oracle Mobile Supply Chain Applications uses equipment with the ability to communicate to an application server by the Internet or local area networks. Also called mobile devices, this equipment includes hand-held Radio Frequency (RF) devices, wearable computing and ring scanner systems, lift truck mounted RF computers, and personal digital assistants. (PDA).
move transaction
A transaction to move assemblies from operation to operation or within an operation on a discrete job or repetitive schedule.


The placing of one, or many, LPNs into another LPN.
new on-hand quantity
The quantity on-hand immediately after the transaction is performed and saved. Equal to current on-hand quantity plus total quantity. Seecurrent on-hand quantity,total quantity.


operating unit
An organization that partitions data for subledger products (AP, AR, PO, OE). It is roughly equivalent to a single pre-Multi-Org installation.
operation plan
A plan that consists of sequential operations that depicts the zone, subinventory, or locator where each operation is performed. An operation plan defines the material movement path and sequence of operations
A business unit such as a plant, warehouse, division, department, and so on. Order Management refers to organizations as warehouses on all Order Management windows and reports.Internal organizations are divisions, groups, cost centers or other organizational units in a company. Organizations can be used to demonstrate ownership or management of functions.
outbound consolidation


pack slip
An external shipping document that accompanies a shipment itemizing in detail the contents of that shipment.
A variable used to restrict information in a report, or determine the form of a report. For example, you may want to limit your report to the current month, or display information by supplier number instead of supplier name.
A status where a process or transaction is waiting to be completed.
pick list
A report that lists all component requirements sorted by supply type for a particular discrete job, repetitive schedule or production line.
pick release
An order cycle action to notify warehouse personnel that orders are ready for picking.
pick slip
Internal shipping document pickers use to locate items to ship for an order. If you use standard pick slips, each order will have its own pick slip within each picking batch. If you use the consolidated pick slip, the pick slip contains all orders released in that picking batch.
The process of withdrawing items from inventory to be shipped to a customer.
picking line
An instruction to pick a specific quantity of a specific item for a specific order. Each pick slip contains one or more picking lines, depending on the number of distinct items released on the pick slip.
picking rule
A user defined rule, based on business practices, that directs the picking of material from a specified location in the warehouse.
planned cross docking
Cross dock opportunity between expected inbound receipted and outbound deliveries identified before material arrives at the inbound dock.
See purchase order.
predefined serial number
To define an alphanumeric prefix and a beginning number for your serial numbers before you assign them to items. Predefined serial numbers are validated during receiving and shipping transactions.
profile option
A set of changeable options that affect the way your applications run. In general, profile options can be set at one or more of the following levels: site, application, responsibility, and user.
purchase order
A type of purchase order you issue when you request delivery of goods or services for specific dates and locations. You can order multiple items for each planned or standard purchase order. Each purchase order line can have multiple shipments and you can distribute each shipment across multiple accounts. Seestandard purchase order and planned purchase order.
purchase order receipt
See receipt.
put away rule
A user defined rule, based on business practices, that directs the put away of material to a specified location in the warehouse.


quantity remaining
The quantity of an assembly remaining to be completed at an operation in a discrete job or repetitive schedule. This is the sum of the quantities in all intraoperation steps at all operations before the current operation, plus the quantities in the Queue and Run intraoperation steps at the current operation.
quantity required
The total quantity of a component item required to produce all the assemblies in a discrete job or repetitive schedule as determined by the usage quantity on the bill of materials, the production quantity, and the component yield.


A shipment from one supplier that can include many items ordered on many purchase orders.
receiving and inspection
A condition of a returned inventory item signifying it has been received but is being inspected for damage. If in acceptable condition, the items are transferred to stock and a credit can be issued. If unacceptable, the items can be returned to the customer or scrapped.
An intraoperation step in an operation where you can record assemblies that require rework or need to be scrapped.
An organized display of Oracle Applications information. A report can be viewed on-line or sent to a printer. The content of information in a report can range from a summary to a complete listing of values.
Determines the data, windows, menus, reports, and concurrent programs you can access in Oracle Applications. It is linked directly to a data group. Several users can share the same responsibility, and a single user can have multiple responsibilities.
return material authorization (RMA)
Permission for a customer to return items. Receivables allows you to authorize the return of your sales orders as well as sales made by other dealers or suppliers, as long as the items are part of your item master and price list.
return to supplier
A transaction that allows you to return to the supplier items from a fully or partially received purchase order and receive credit for them.
revised item
Any item you change on an engineering change order. Revised items may be purchased items, subassemblies, finished goods.
A particular version of an item, bill of material, or routing.
rule simulator
Performs simulations, based on user defined information, of picking and put away rules for debugging purposes. The rules simulator also simulates strategies, or the entire process of the rules engine.
Oracle Warehouse Management rules include put away rules, picking rules, cost group rules, task type rules, and labeling rules. Rules are used to enforce business policies and procedures for warehouse tasks.
rules engine
Provides a repository for restrictions and business policies related to your warehouse.


serial number
A number assigned to each unit of an item and used to track the item.
serial number control
A manufacturing technique for enforcing use of serial numbers during a material transaction. An Oracle Manufacturing technique for enforcing use of serial numbers during a material transaction thus enabling the tracking of serialized items throughout their movement in and out of inventory.
ship confirm
A process in Shipping Execution which allows you to identify shipped quantities, assign inventory control information for released lines, assign freight charges, and specify whether or not to backorder unfulfilled quantities of released line items.
ship confirmation
To enter shipped quantity and inventory controls for specific shippable lines. You can ship confirm the same delivery/departure repeatedly until you close the delivery/departure. Once it is closed, no more changes can be made into a delivery/departure.
ship date
The date upon which a shippable item is shipped.
An individual package sent to a customer. Thus, a shipment might contain an entire order, if all items in that order are pick released and packed together. A shipment might contain just part of an order that is pick released and packed. A shipment might also contain only part of a released order line, where some of the items on the picking slip are not in stock.
The function that performs tasks for the outgoing shipment of parts, components, and products. It includes packaging, marking, weighing and loading for shipment.
shipping documents
Shipping related reports, such as the Bill of Lading, Commercial Invoice, Mailing Label, Pack Slip, Vehicle Load Sheet Summary, and Waybill.
shipping instructions
Notes that print on the pick slip. These instructions are intended for internal use.
sort criteria
For picking and put away rules, the sort criteria determines in which order the system uses a rule to suggest an allocation
standard item
Any item that can have a bill or be a component on a bill except planning items, option classes, or models. Standard items include purchased items, subassemblies, and finished products.
standard purchase order
A type of purchase order you issue when you order delivery of goods or services for specific dates and locations for your company. Each standard purchase order line can have multiple shipments and you can distribute the quantity of each shipment across multiple accounts. Seepurchase order.
standard receipt
A receipt routing in which shipments are received into a receiving location and then delivered in a separate transaction. Standard receipts can be inspected or transferred before delivery.
An ordered sequence of rules that Oracle Warehouse Management uses to fulfill complex business demands.
strategy assignment
A strategy that is assigned to an instance of a particular business object.
strategy search order
The sequence in which various objects will be evaluated for associated strategies and rules.
Subdivision of an organization, representing either a physical area or a logical grouping of items, such as a storeroom or receiving dock.
A subdivision of a lot which may be used when an entire lot is more than would be used or produced at any one time, but grouping of the material into a single lot is still desired. This maintains the integrity of the overall lot, but allows it to be consumed in manageable pieces.
Provider of goods or services.
A quantity of materials available for use. Supply is replenished in response to demand or anticipated demand.
supply locator
The specific location, such as shelves or containers, within a supply subinventory that you use as the default locator in a material transaction.
supply subinventory
The subinventory you use as a primary source of supply to meet a specific material requirement in a discrete job or repetitive schedule.


task type rule
A user defined rule, based on business practices, that assigns specific tasks to specific human resources and machine resources, if defined. Task type rules can be utilized to ensure that a specific employee picks specific material from a specific location.
transaction quantity
The quantity of a transaction.


unit of measure
The unit that the quantity of an item is expressed.
An LPN can be unpacked. This can be used effectively in an "Each" subinventory where LPNs are not utilized.
See unit of measure.


See supplier.


warehouse control board (WCB)
A tool used by Oracle Warehouse Management to monitor, control, and execute various warehouse operations.
warehouse management system (WMS)
The Warehouse Management System provides advanced distribution processes such as value-added services, cross docking, order assembly postponement, and resource and task management to optimize the order fulfillment process. Oracle Warehaouse Management System provides an easy to use automated interface for mobile Internet devices.
See work in process.
work in process
An item in various phases of production in a manufacturing plant. This includes raw material awaiting processing up to final assemblies ready to be received into inventory.


The area within an encompassing set of locations. A zone is used as a charging mechanism for deliveries and freight rating for the order quote. A collection of locations. The area within a concentric ring from a warehouse.