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Writing Device Drivers
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Part I Designing Device Drivers for the Solaris Platform

1.  Overview of Solaris Device Drivers

2.  Solaris Kernel and Device Tree

3.  Multithreading

4.  Properties

5.  Managing Events and Queueing Tasks

6.  Driver Autoconfiguration

7.  Device Access: Programmed I/O

8.  Interrupt Handlers

9.  Direct Memory Access (DMA)

10.  Mapping Device and Kernel Memory

11.  Device Context Management

12.  Power Management

13.  Hardening Solaris Drivers

14.  Layered Driver Interface (LDI)

Part II Designing Specific Kinds of Device Drivers

15.  Drivers for Character Devices

16.  Drivers for Block Devices

17.  SCSI Target Drivers

Introduction to Target Drivers

Sun Common SCSI Architecture Overview

General Flow of Control

SCSA Functions

Hardware Configuration File

Declarations and Data Structures

scsi_device Structure

scsi_pkt Structure (Target Drivers)

Autoconfiguration for SCSI Target Drivers

probe() Entry Point (SCSI Target Drivers)

attach() Entry Point (SCSI Target Drivers)

detach() Entry Point (SCSI Target Drivers)

getinfo() Entry Point (SCSI Target Drivers)

Resource Allocation

scsi_init_pkt() Function

scsi_sync_pkt() Function

scsi_destroy_pkt() Function

scsi_alloc_consistent_buf() Function

scsi_free_consistent_buf() Function

Building and Transporting a Command

Building a Command

Setting Target Capabilities

Transporting a Command

Synchronous scsi_transport() Function

Command Completion

Reuse of Packets

Auto-Request Sense Mode

Dump Handling

SCSI Options

18.  SCSI Host Bus Adapter Drivers

19.  Drivers for Network Devices

20.  USB Drivers

Part III Building a Device Driver

21.  Compiling, Loading, Packaging, and Testing Drivers

22.  Debugging, Testing, and Tuning Device Drivers

23.  Recommended Coding Practices

Part IV Appendixes

A.  Hardware Overview

B.  Summary of Solaris DDI/DKI Services

C.  Making a Device Driver 64-Bit Ready

D.  Console Frame Buffer Drivers


Hardware Configuration File

Because SCSI devices are not self-identifying, a hardware configuration file is required for a target driver. See the driver.conf(4) and scsi_free_consistent_buf(9F) man pages for details. The following is a typical configuration file:

    name="xx" class="scsi" target=2 lun=0;

The system reads the file during autoconfiguration. The system uses the class property to identify the driver's possible parent. Then, the system attempts to attach the driver to any parent driver that is of class scsi. All host bus adapter drivers are of this class. Using the class property rather than the parent property is preferred. This approach enables any host bus adapter driver that finds the expected device at the specified target and lun IDs to attach to the target. The target driver is responsible for verifying the class in its probe(9E) routine.