- modify a role's login information on the system
rolemod [-u uid [-o]] [-g group] [-G group [, group...]] [-d dir [-m]] [-s shell] [-c comment] [-l new_name] [-f inactive] [-e expire] [-A authorization [, authorization]] [-P profile [, profile]] [-K key=value] role
The rolemod utility modifies a role's login information on the system. It changes the definition of the specified login and makes the appropriate login-related system file and file system changes.
The system file entries created with this command have a limit of 512 characters per line. Specifying long arguments to several options may exceed this limit.
The following options are supported:
One or more comma separated authorizations as deined in auth_attr(4). Only role with grant rights to the authorization can assign it to an account. This replaces any existing authorization setting. If no authorization list is specified, the existing setting is removed.
Specify a comment string. comment can be any text string. It is generally a short description of the login, and is currently used as the field for the user's full name. This information is stored in the user's /etc/passwd entry.
Specify the new home directory of the role. It defaults to base_dir/login, where base_dir is the base directory for new login home directories, and login is the new login.
Specify the expiration date for a role. After this date, no role will be able to access this login. The expire option argument is a date entered using one of the date formats included in the template file /etc/datemsk. See getdate(3C).
For example, you may enter 10/6/90 or October 6, 1990. A value of `` '' defeats the status of the expired date.
Specify the maximum number of days allowed between uses of a login ID before that login ID is declared invalid. Normal values are positive integers. A value of 0 defeats the status.
Specify an existing group's integer ID or character-string name. It redefines the role's primary group membership.
Specify an existing group's integer ID or character string name. It redefines the role's supplementary group membership. Duplicates between group with the -g and -G options are ignored. No more than NGROUPS_UMAX groups may be specified as defined in <param.h>.
Replace existing or add to a role's key=value pair attributes. Multiple -K options can be used to replace or add multiple key=value pairs. However, keys must not be repeated. The generic -K option with the appropriate key may be used instead of the specific implied key options (-A and -P). See user_attr(4) for a list of valid key=value pairs.
The keyword type can be specified with the value role or the value normal. When using the value normal, the account changes from a role user to a normal user; using the value role keeps the account a role user.
Specify the new login name for the role. The new_logname argument is a string no more than eight bytes consisting of characters from the set of alphabetic characters, numeric characters, period (.), underline (_), and hypen (-). The first character should be alphabetic and the field should contain at least one lower case alphabetic character. A warning message will be written if these restrictions are not met. A future Solaris release may refuse to accept login fields that do not meet these requirements. The new_logname argument must contain at least one character and must not contain a colon (:) or NEWLINE (\n).
Move the role's home directory to the new directory specified with the -d option. If the directory already exists, it must have permissions read/write/execute by group, where group is the role's primary group.
This option allows the specified UID to be duplicated (non-unique).
One or more comma-separated execution profiles defined in auth_attr(4). This replaces any existing profile setting. If no profile list is specified, the existing setting is removed.
Specify the full pathname of the program that is used as the role's shell on login. The value of shell must be a valid executable file.
Specify a new UID for the role. It must be a non-negative decimal integer less than MAXUID as defined in <param.h>. The UID associated with the role's home directory is not modified with this option; a role will not have access to their home directory until the UID is manually reassigned using chown(1).
The following operands are supported:
An existing login name to be modified.
In case of an error, rolemod prints an error message and exits with one of the following values:
The command syntax was invalid. A usage message for the rolemod command is displayed.
An invalid argument was provided to an option.
The uid given with the -u option is already in use.
The login to be modified does not exist, the group does not exist, or the login shell does not exist.
The login to be modified is in use.
The new_logname is already in use.
Cannot update the /etc/group or /etc/user_attr file. Other update requests will be implemented.
Insufficient space to move the home directory (-m option). Other update requests will be implemented.
Unable to complete the move of the home directory to the new home directory.
system file containing group definitions
system file of date formats
system password file
system file containing users' and roles' encrypted passwords and related information
system file containing additional user and role attributes
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
chown(1), passwd(1), users(1B), groupadd(1M), groupdel(1M), groupmod(1M), logins(1M), pwconv(1M), roleadd(1M), roledel(1M), useradd(1M), userdel(1M), usermod(1M), getdate(3C), auth_attr(4), passwd(4), attributes(5)