- schedule an alarm signal
#include <unistd.h> unsigned int alarm(unsigned int seconds);
The alarm() function causes the system to generate a SIGALRM signal for the process after the number of real-time seconds specified by seconds have elapsed (see signal.h(3HEAD)). Processor scheduling delays may prevent the process from handling the signal as soon as it is generated.
If seconds is 0, a pending alarm request, if any, is cancelled. If seconds is greater than LONG_MAX/hz, seconds is rounded down to LONG_MAX/hz. The value of hz is normally 100.
Alarm requests are not stacked; only one SIGALRM generation can be scheduled in this manner; if the SIGALRM signal has not yet been generated, the call will result in rescheduling the time at which the SIGALRM signal will be generated.
If there is a previous alarm request with time remaining, alarm() returns a non-zero value that is the number of seconds until the previous request would have generated a SIGALRM signal. Otherwise, alarm() returns 0.
The alarm() function is always successful; no return value is reserved to indicate an error.
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: