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System Administration Guide: Basic Administration
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Document Information


1.  Oracle Solaris Management Tools (Road Map)

2.  Working With the Solaris Management Console (Tasks)

3.  Working With the Oracle Java Web Console (Tasks)

4.  Managing User Accounts and Groups (Overview)

5.  Managing User Accounts and Groups (Tasks)

6.  Managing Client-Server Support (Overview)

7.  Managing Diskless Clients (Tasks)

8.  Introduction to Shutting Down and Booting a System

9.  Shutting Down and Booting a System (Overview)

10.  Shutting Down a System (Tasks)

11.  Modifying Oracle Solaris Boot Behavior (Tasks)

12.  Booting an Oracle Solaris System (Tasks)

13.  Managing the Oracle Solaris Boot Archives (Tasks)

14.  Troubleshooting Booting an Oracle Solaris System (Tasks)

15.  x86: GRUB Based Booting (Reference)

x86: Boot Processes

x86: System BIOS

x86: Kernel Initialization Process

x86: Support for GRUB in the Oracle Solaris OS

x86: GRUB Terminology

x86: Functional Components of GRUB

Naming Conventions That Are Used for Configuring GRUB

Naming Conventions That Are Used by the findroot Command

How Multiple Operating Systems Are Supported by GRUB

x86: Supported GRUB Versions

Description of the menu.lst File (ZFS Support)

Description of the menu.lst File (UFS Support)

16.  x86: Booting a System That Does Not Implement GRUB (Tasks)

17.  Working With the Oracle Solaris Auto Registration regadm Command (Tasks)

18.  Managing Services (Overview)

19.  Managing Services (Tasks)

20.  Managing Software (Overview)

21.  Managing Software With Oracle Solaris System Administration Tools (Tasks)

22.  Managing Software by Using Oracle Solaris Package Commands (Tasks)

23.  Managing Patches

A.  SMF Services


x86: Boot Processes

This section includes information about boot processes that are unique to booting an x86 based system.

x86: System BIOS

When an x86 based system is powered on, it is controlled by the read-only-memory (ROM) Basic Input/Output System (BIOS). The BIOS is the firmware interface on Oracle Solaris operating systems that have x86 64-bit and 32-bit support.

Hardware adapters usually have an on-board BIOS that displays the physical characteristics of the device. The BIOS is used to access the device. During the startup process, the system BIOS checks for the presence of any adapter BIOS. If any adapters are found, the system then loads and executes each adapter BIOS. Each adapter's BIOS runs self-test diagnostics and then displays device information.

The BIOS on most systems has a user interface, where you can select an ordered list of boot devices that consists of the following selections:

The BIOS attempts to boot from each device, in turn, until a valid device with a bootable program is found.

x86: Kernel Initialization Process

The /platform/i86pc/multiboot program is an ELF32 executable that contains a header which is defined in the Multiboot Specification.

The multiboot program is responsible for performing the following tasks:

After the kernel gains control of the system, the kernel initializes the CPU, memory, and device subsystems. The kernel then mounts the root device, which corresponds to the bootpath and fstype properties that are specified in the /boot/solaris/bootenv.rc file. This file is part of the boot archive. If these properties are not specified in the bootenv.rc file, or on the GRUB command line, the root file system defaults to UFS on /devices/ramdisk:a. The root file system defaults to UFS when you boot the installation miniroot. After the root device is mounted, the kernel initializes the sched and init commands. These commands start the Service Management Facility (SMF) services.