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System Administration Guide: Printing
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1.  Introduction to Printing in the Oracle Solaris Operating System

What's New in Printing?

Privilege Requirements for Using Print Commands

PPD File Management Utility

Overview of the Oracle Solaris Printing Architecture

Available Printing Tools and Services

Implementation of the Open Standard Print API

Print Client Commands

Definition of a Print Server and a Print Client

Description of the Internet Printing Protocol

Description of the RFC-1179 Printing Protocol

IPP Compared to the RFC-1179 Protocol

Description of the SMB Protocol

What Is Samba?

Using Printing Protocols in the Oracle Solaris Release

Determining Which Printing Protocol to Use

Selecting the Client-To-Server Network Printing Protocol

Printer URI Formats That Are Supported

Selecting the Server-To-Printer Network Printing Protocol

Description of Solaris Print Manager

Description of the LP Print Service

The LP Print Client-Server Process

Using Print Servers

Using Print Clients

Print Client Process Used by the LP Print Service

How Local Printing Works

How the LP Print Service Administers Files and Schedules Local Print Requests

How Remote Printing Works

Where to Find Printing Tasks

2.  Planning for Printing (Tasks)

3.  Setting Up Network Printing Services (Tasks)

4.  Setting Up and Administering Printers by Using Solaris Print Manager (Tasks)

5.  Setting Up Printers by Using LP Print Commands (Tasks)

6.  Administering Printers by Using LP Print Commands (Tasks)

7.  Customizing LP Printing Services and Printers (Tasks)

8.  Administering the LP Print Scheduler and Managing Print Requests (Tasks)

9.  Administering Printers on a Network (Tasks)

10.  Administering Character Sets, Filters, Forms, and Fonts (Tasks)

11.  Administering Printers by Using the PPD File Management Utility (Tasks)

12.  Printing in the Oracle Solaris Operating System (Reference)

13.  Troubleshooting Printing Problems in the Oracle Solaris OS (Tasks)

A.  Using the Internet Printing Protocol



Description of the SMB Protocol

The SMB protocol is an application-level network protocol that is primarily used for sharing printers, access to files, serial ports, and miscellaneous communications between nodes on the network. Mainly used by Windows systems, SMB is an authenticated inter-process communication mechanism. In the Oracle Solaris OS, the SMB protocol is used primarily for sharing printers. All of these processes take place over the network. SMB can run over multiple protocols.

SMB works through a peer-to-peer approach. A client makes a specific requests to a server, and the server responds accordingly. SMB servers make their file systems and other resources available to clients on the network. In the Oracle Solaris OS, SMB includes Samba server-side support that is managed by the Service Management Facility (SMF) and Samba smbclient client-side support. To access a Windows hosted printer, setup of a local print queue is required. This requirement is due to differences in UNIX and Windows printing models.

What Is Samba?

Samba is an open-source SMB server freeware application that uses the SMB protocol. Samba provides Windows clients access to UNIX servers and UNIX clients access to Windows servers. The access that is provided is for both files and other services, including printer sharing. Samba's design, as well as constraint, is to operate on top of a variety of existing UNIX systems. Samba runs as a set of daemons and services, without any need for modification of existing kernels. More information about Samba can be found at