Part 4: Testing the Facade Inside and Outside the Java EE Container
In this section you add a new method to the entity bean using the EJB 3.0 annotation technique. You then test the new method by creating a facade client and run it inside or outside the Java EE container.
show more or less

To test your EJBs you need to run a client program that can create or find EJB instances and call their remote interface methods. JDeveloper provides a sample client utility that will help you create clients quickly. You can run and test EJBs using either the integrated server or a remote server;

Step 1: Add a New Method to the Entity and Expose it
  1. Click the Red square Terminate button and select the HR_EJB_JPA to stop the running application.

    Stopping the running application
  2. Click the Red button and select the IntegratedWebLogicServer to stop WebLogicServer.

    Stopping WebLogicServer
  3. Collapse the ViewController node and expand the Model node.

    Application Navigator
  4. Double click the Employees entity bean on the diagram to open the source code for the class and expand the @Entity node to display the hidden code.

    The Entity bean java code
  5. Add a comma at the end of the last @NamedQuery statement, then add a query to the class that retrieves employees by name. Add the following statement:

    So that the code looks like the following:

    @NamedQueries( {
    @NamedQuery(name = "Employees.findAll", query = "select o from Employees o"),
    @NamedQuery(name = "Employees.findBySal", query = "select o from Employees o where o.salary > :p_sal"),
    @NamedQuery(name = "Employees.findByName", query = "select o from Employees o where o.firstName like :p_name")

    The Entity bean java code

    What makes these objects different from other Java files are the annotations that identify them as EJB entities.Show more or lessRead more...
    A key feature of EJB 3.0 and JPA is the ability to create entities that contain object-relational mappings by using metadata annotations rather than deployment descriptors as in earlier versions.

  6. Click the Make icon to compile the class.

    The Make icon

    Make sure that the Message - Log window does not report any errors.

    Log window messages

  7. Add the new method to the session bean as follows:

    Right-click the HRFacadeBean node in the Application Navigator and select Edit Session Facade from the context menu.

    Context menu

  8. Expand the Employees node of the dialog. Notice that the new named query getEmployeesFindByName appears as an exposable method. Select it and unselect the getEmployeesFindBySal one.

    Specify Session Facade Options dialog

    Click OK.
    Save all your work.

  9. JDeveloper provides a way to test the EJB by creating a sample client. To do so, right click HRFacadeBean and select New Sample Java Client from the context menu.

    Context menu

  10. Select IntegratedWebLogicServer as the Application Server Connection.

    Create Sample Java Client dialog

    Then click OK.

    The client is created and opens in the code editor. Show more or lessRead more...

    If your session bean serves as a facade over JPA entities, code is generated to instantiate the query methods. If you exposed methods on your bean, the generated client contains methods that can be uncommented to call them.
  11. Review the code of the HRFacadeClient class and correct the reported error for the getEmployeesFindByName() method by adding a value parameter "P%" so that it looks like the following:

    Also, remove the /*FIX ME: Pass parameters here */ comment.

    HRFacadeClient Java code

    Click the Save All Save All button icon to save your work.

  12. Right click the HRFacadeBean in the Application Navigator and select Run from the context menu to launch the facade bean in WebLogicServer.

    Context menu

    Wait until the WebLogicServer is started.

    Running Log window

    The integrated Oracle WebLogic Server runs within JDeveloper. Show more or lessRead more... You can run and test EJBs quickly and easily using this server, and then deploy your EJBs with no changes to them.
  13. Right click HRFacadeClient and select Run from context.

    Context menu

  14. The Log window returns the database data based on the three methods the client contains.

    Returned info in the Running log window

  15. To better display the results of the findByName() method, in the class, comment out the for loop corresponding to the getEmployeesFindAll() method, and comment out the for loop corresponding to the getDepartmentsFindAll() method. Your code should look something like this:

    HRFacadeClient Java code

  16. Click the Make button Make button to recompile the class, and ensure that no errors are returned.

  17. Right click the HRFacadeClient class and select Run from context.

    Context menu

  18. The Log window should now display the returned rows retrieved by your ' P%' clause.

    Returned info in the Running Log window

Step 2: Run the Java Service outside the Java EE container
A persistence unit can be configured to run inside or outside the container. In EJB 3.0, you can run entities in a pure Java SE environment, without using an application server. One reason you might do this is to create a simple Java SE testbed (using JUnit, perhaps) to test your entity behavior without the overhead of deploying/executing in an application server. Another reason is you may want to run a Swing application locally.
In this section, you create a session bean that implements a method to find employee and department records.
  1. Create a new persistence unit to run the java service outside the Java EE container.

    Right-click the META-INF > persistence.xml and select New Java Service Facade from the context menu.

    Context menu

  2. In the Java Service Class panel, you can select to create a new persistence unit (in the next panel) or use an existing unit. Select Choose a Persistence Unit or Create one in the next Panel, and check the Generate a Sample Java Client checkbox.

    Step 1 of the Java Service Facade Methods

    Click Next.

  3. Name the the Persistence Unit outside. Choose JDBC Connection and make sure the JDBC connection is set to HR.

    Step 2 of the Java Service Facade Methods

    Click Next.

  4. All methods should be selected by default. Deselect some of them so that your selection looks like the following image.

    Step 3 of the Java Service Facade Methods

    Click Next then Finish.

  5. In the source editor window, for the JavaServiceFacadeClient class, add "P%" as a parameter to the getEmployeesFindByName method so that the statement is:


    JavaServiceFacadeClient class

  6. Click the Make Make icon button to compile the class and save your work.

  7. Right-click the JavaServiceFacadeClient node in the Application Navigator and select Run from context.

    Context menu

  8. The Log window displays the result of the execution of the class running outside Java EE container, returning the lastName of the first of the retrieved records (Pat Fay).

    The Running Log window

  9. Double-click the META-INF > persistence.xml node to display the contents of the file.

    Application Navigator

  10. Both persistence units are described. The default inside one and the newly-created for outside Java EE run. Click the Source tab to review details.

    Persistence Units
  11. The source code shows both persistence units that have been created. The Model one and the outside one.

    The source code for persistences
In this tutorial you discovered how to use EJB/JPA in a Web Application. You learned how to: To learn more about developing Java EE applications, refer to:

Bookmark Print Expand all | Hide all
Back to top

Did you find this page helpful?

Copyright © 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.