Provides a method for using sed instructions to edit files upon package installation and removal.
Provides a method for using awk instructions to edit files upon package installation and removal.
Provides a method to dynamically construct or modify a file by using Bourne shell commands.
Provides a method to preserve files that should not be overwritten by future package installations.
Provides automated installation and uninstallation of SMF (Service Management Facility) services associated with a manifest. The manifest class should be used for all SMF manifests in a package.
If several files in a package require special processing that can be fully defined through sed, awk, or sh commands, installation is faster by using the system classes rather than multiple classes and their corresponding class action scripts.
The sed class provides a method to modify an existing object on the target system. The sed class action script executes automatically at installation if a file that belongs to class sed exists. The name of the sed class action script should be the same as the name of the file on which the instructions are executed.
A sed class action script delivers sed instructions in the following format:
Two commands indicate when instructions should be executed. The sed instructions that follow the !install command are executed during package installation. The sed instructions that follow the !remove command are executed during package removal. The order in which these commands are used in the file does not matter.
The awk class action script is executed automatically at installation if a file that belongs to class awk exists. Such a file contains instructions for the awk class script in the following format:
Two commands indicate when instructions should be executed. The awk instructions that follow the !install command are executed during package installation. The instructions that follow the !remove command are executed during package removal. These commands may be used in any order.
The name of the awk class action script should be the same as the name of the file on which the instructions are executed.
The file to be modified is used as input to the awk command and the output of the script ultimately replaces the original object. Environment variables may not be passed to the awk command with this syntax.
For more information on awk instructions, see the awk(1) man page.
The build class creates or modifies a package object file by executing Bourne shell instructions. These instructions are delivered as the package object. The instructions run automatically at installation if the package object belongs to the build class.
The name of the build class action script should be the same as the name of the file on which the instructions are executed. The name must also be executable by the sh command. The script's output becomes the new version of the file as it is built or modified. If the script produces no output, the file is not created or modified. Therefore, the script can modify or create the file itself.
For example, if a package delivers a default file, /etc/randomtable, and if the file does not already exist on the target system, the prototype file entry might be as follows:
e build /etc/randomtable ? ? ?
The package object, /etc/randomtable, might look like the following:
!install # randomtable builder if [ -f $PKG_INSTALL_ROOT/etc/randomtable ]; then echo "/etc/randomtable is already in place."; else echo "# /etc/randomtable" > $PKG_INSTALL_ROOT/etc/randomtable echo "1121554 # first random number" >> $PKG_INSTALL_ROOT/etc/randomtable fi !remove # randomtable deconstructor if [ -f $PKG_INSTALL_ROOT/etc/randomtable ]; then # the file can be removed if it's unchanged if [ egrep "first random number" $PKG_INSTALL_ROOT/etc/randomtable ]; then rm $PKG_INSTALL_ROOT/etc/randomtable; fi fi
See Chapter 5, Case Studies of Package Creation for another example using the build class.
The preserve class preserves a package object file by determining whether or not an existing file should be overwritten when the package is installed. Two possible scenarios when using a preserve class script are:
If the file to be installed does not already exist in the target directory, the file will be installed normally.
If the file to be installed exists in the target directory, a message describing that the file exists is displayed, and the file is not installed.
Both scenario outcomes are considered successful by the preserve script. A failure occurs only in the second scenario when the file is unable to be copied to the target directory.
Starting with the Solaris 7 release, the i.preserve script and a copy of this script, i.CONFIG.prsv, can be found in the /usr/sadm/install/scripts directory with the other class action scripts.
Modify the script to include the filename or filenames you would like to preserve.
The manifest class automatically installs and uninstalls SMF (Service Management Facility) services associated with an SMF manifest. If you are not familiar with SMF, see Chapter 17, Managing Services (Overview), in System Administration Guide: Basic Administration for information about how to use SMF to manage services.
All service manifests within packages should be identified with the class manifest. Class action scripts that install and remove service manifests are included in the packaging subsystem. When pkgadd(1M) is invoked, the service manifest is imported. When pkgrm(1M) is invoked, instances in the service manifest that are disabled are deleted. Any services in the manifest that have no remaining instances are also deleted. If the -R option is supplied to pkgadd(1M) or pkgrm(1M), these service manifest actions will be done when the system is next rebooted with that alternate root path.
The following portion of code from a package information file shows the use of the manifest class.
# packaging files i pkginfo i copyright i depend i preinstall i postinstall i i.manifest i r.manifest # # source locations relative to the prototype file # d none var 0755 root sys d none var/svc 0755 root sys d none var/svc/manifest 0755 root sys d none var/svc/manifest/network 0755 root sys d none var/svc/manifest/network/rpc 0755 root sys f manifest var/svc/manifest/network/rpc/smserver.xml 0444 root sys