A mail configuration requires three elements, which you can combine on the same system or provide in separate systems.
A mail host – A system that is configured to handle email addresses that are difficult to resolve
A minimum of one mail server – A system that is configured to hold one or more mailboxes
Mail clients – Systems that access mail from a mail server
If users are to communicate with networks outside your domain, you must also add a fourth element, a mail gateway.
Figure 12–1 shows a typical electronic mail configuration, using the three basic mail elements plus a mail gateway.
Each element is described in detail in Hardware Components.