System Administration Guide: Advanced Administration

About This Book

System Administration Guide: Advanced Administration is part of a set that covers a significant part of the SolarisTM system administration information. This guide includes information for both SPARC® and x86 based systems.

This book assumes that you have installed the SunOSTM Solaris Operating System. It also assumes that you have set up any networking software that you plan to use. The SunOS Solaris Operating System is part of the Solaris product family, which also includes many features, including the GNOME Desktop Environment. The SunOS Solaris Operating System is compliant with AT&T's System V, Release 4 operating system.

For the Solaris release, new features that are interesting to system administrators are covered in sections called What's New in ... ? in the appropriate chapters.

Note –

This Solaris release supports systems that use the SPARC and x86 families of processor architectures: UltraSPARC®, SPARC64, AMD64, Pentium, and Xeon EM64T. The supported systems appear in the Solaris 10 Hardware Compatibility List at This document cites any implementation differences between the platform types.

In this document these x86 related terms mean the following:

For supported systems, see the Solaris 10 Hardware Compatibility List.

Who Should Use This Book

This book is intended for anyone responsible for administering one or more systems that are running the Solaris release. To use this book, you should have 1-2 years of UNIX® system administration experience. Attending UNIX system administration training courses might be helpful.

How the System Administration Volumes Are Organized

Here is a list of the topics that are covered by the volumes of the System Administration Guides.

Book Title 


System Administration Guide: Basic Administration

User accounts and groups, server and client support, shutting down and booting a system, managing services, and managing software (packages and patches) 

System Administration Guide: Advanced Administration

Terminals and modems, system resources (disk quotas, accounting, and crontabs), system processes, and troubleshooting Solaris software problems 

System Administration Guide: Devices and File Systems

Removable media, disks and devices, file systems, and backing up and restoring data 

System Administration Guide: IP Services

TCP/IP network administration, IPv4 and IPv6 address administration, DHCP, IPsec, IKE, Solaris IP filter, Mobile IP, IP network multipathing (IPMP), and IPQoS 

System Administration Guide: Naming and Directory Services (DNS, NIS, and LDAP)

DNS, NIS, and LDAP naming and directory services, including transitioning from NIS to LDAP and transitioning from NIS+ to LDAP 

System Administration Guide: Naming and Directory Services (NIS+)

NIS+ naming and directory services 

System Administration Guide: Network Services

Web cache servers, time-related services, network file systems (NFS and Autofs), mail, SLP, and PPP 

System Administration Guide: Solaris Printing

Solaris printing topics and tasks, using services, tools, protocols, and technologies to set up and administer printing services and printers 

System Administration Guide: Security Services

Auditing, device management, file security, BART, Kerberos services, PAM, Solaris Cryptographic Framework, privileges, RBAC, SASL, and Solaris Secure Shell 

System Administration Guide: Virtualization Using the Solaris Operating System

Resource management features, which enable you to control how applications use available system resources; zones software partitioning technology, which virtualizes operating system services to create an isolated environment for running applications; and virtualization using SunTM xVM hypervisor technology, which supports multiple operating system instances simultaneously

Solaris CIFS Administration Guide

Solaris CIFS service, which enables you to configure a Solaris system to make CIFS shares available to CIFS clients; and native identity mapping services, which enables you to map user and group identities between Solaris systems and Windows systems 

Solaris Trusted Extensions Administrator’s Procedures

System installation, configuration, and administration that is specific to Solaris Trusted Extensions 

Solaris ZFS Administration Guide

ZFS storage pool and file system creation and management, snapshots, clones, backups, using access control lists (ACLs) to protect ZFS files, using ZFS on a Solaris system with zones installed, emulated volumes, and troubleshooting and data recovery 

Related Third-Party Web Site References

Note –

Sun is not responsible for the availability of third-party web sites mentioned in this document. Sun does not endorse and is not responsible or liable for any content, advertising, products, or other materials that are available on or through such sites or resources. Sun will not be responsible or liable for any actual or alleged damage or loss caused by or in connection with the use of or reliance on any such content, goods, or services that are available on or through such sites or resources.

Documentation, Support, and Training

The Sun web site provides information about the following additional resources:

Typographic Conventions

The following table describes the typographic conventions that are used in this book.

Table P–1 Typographic Conventions





The names of commands, files, and directories, and onscreen computer output 

Edit your .login file.

Use ls -a to list all files.

machine_name% you have mail.


What you type, contrasted with onscreen computer output 

machine_name% su



Placeholder: replace with a real name or value 

The command to remove a file is rm filename.


Book titles, new terms, and terms to be emphasized 

Read Chapter 6 in the User's Guide.

A cache is a copy that is stored locally.

Do not save the file.

Note: Some emphasized items appear bold online.

Shell Prompts in Command Examples

The following table shows the default UNIX system prompt and superuser prompt for the C shell, Bourne shell, and Korn shell.

Table P–2 Shell Prompts



C shell 


C shell for superuser 


Bourne shell and Korn shell 


Bourne shell and Korn shell for superuser 


General Conventions

Be aware of the following conventions that are used in this book.