Solaris Tunable Parameters Reference Manual

Per-Route Metrics

Starting in the Solaris 8 release, you can use per-route metrics to associate some properties with IPv4 and IPv6 routing table entries.

For example, a system has two different network interfaces, a fast Ethernet interface and a gigabit Ethernet interface. The system default tcp_recv_hiwat is 24,576 bytes. This default is sufficient for the fast Ethernet interface, but may not be sufficient for the gigabit Ethernet interface.

Instead of increasing the system's default for tcp_recv_hiwat, you can associate a different default TCP receive window size to the gigabit Ethernet interface routing entry. By making this association, all TCP connections going through the route will have the increased receive window size.

For example, the following is in the routing table (netstat -rn), assuming IPv4:         U        1      4  hme0         U        1      4  ge0
default             UG       1      8

In this example, do the following:

# route change -net -recvpipe x

Then, all connections going to the network, which is on the ge0 link, use the receive buffer size x, instead of the default 24567 receive window size.

If the destination is in the a.b.c.d network, and no specific routing entry exists for that network, you can add a prefix route to that network and change the metric. For example:

# route add -net a.b.c.d -netmask w.x.y.z
# route change -net a.b.c.d -recvpipe y

Note that the prefix route's gateway is the default router. Then, all connections going to that network use the receive buffer size y. If you have more than one interface, use the -ifp argument to specify which interface to use. This way, you can control which interface to use for specific destinations. To verify the metric, use the route(1M) get command.