When a user is not directly assigned privileges, then the user gets access to privileged commands through a rights profile. Commands in a rights profile must be executed in a profile shell.
The user or role who authenticates to the Solaris Management Console
must have the
The Basic Solaris User rights profile includes this authorization.
Determine the rights profiles that you have been assigned.
$ /usr/sadm/bin/smuser list -- -n username -l Authenticating as user: admin … Please enter a string value for: password :: … User name: username User ID (UID): 130 Primary group: staff Secondary groups: Comment: object mgt jobs Login Shell: /bin/sh Home dir server: system Home directory: /export/home/username AutoHome setup: True Mail server: system Rights: Object Access Management Assigned Roles:
Locate the line that begins with “Rights:”.
The “Rights” line lists the names of the rights profiles that have been directly assigned to you.
Find the names of the rights profiles in the exec_attr database.
$ cd /etc/security $ grep "Object Access Management" exec_attr Object Access Management:solaris:cmd:::/usr/bin/chgrp:privs=file_chown Object Access Management:solaris:cmd:::/usr/bin/chown:privs=file_chown Object Access Management:suser:cmd:::/usr/bin/chgrp:euid=0 Object Access Management:suser:cmd:::/usr/bin/chmod:euid=0 …
The commands with added privileges are listed at the end of solaris policy entries.
Type the commands that require privileges in a profile shell.
When the commands are typed in a regular shell, the commands do not run with privilege, and do not succeed.
% pfsh $
In the following example, the user jdoe cannot change the group permissions on a file from his regular shell. However, jdoe can change the permissions when typing the command in a profile shell.
% whoami jdoe % ls -l useful.script -rwxr-xr-- 1 nodoe eng 262 Apr 2 10:52 useful.script chgrp staff useful.script chgrp: useful.script: Not owner % pfksh $ /usr/ucb/whoami jdoe $ chgrp staff useful.script $ chown jdoe useful.script $ ls -l useful.script -rwxr-xr-- 1 jdoe staff 262 Apr 2 10:53 useful.script