The Sun Fire V490 Server Administration Guide is intended to be used by experienced system administrators. It includes general descriptive information about the
Sun Firetrademark V490 server and detailed instructions for installing, configuring, and administering the server and for diagnosing problems with the server. To use the information in this manual--particularly the instructional chapters--you must have working knowledge of computer network concepts and terms, and advanced familiarity with the Solaristrademark Operating System.

Before You Read This Book

While the first part of this manual focuses on installation of the Sun Fire V490 server, it does not deal with mounting the server in a cabinet or 2-post rack. For those instructions, refer to the Sun Fire V490 Server Setup and Rackmounting Guide. Rack mounting instructions are also printed on labels on the server chassis.

Follow the instructions for mounting the server in a cabinet or 2-post rack before continuing with the installation and configuration instructions in this manual.

How This Book Is Organized

The Sun Fire V490 Server Administration Guide is divided into three parts:

Each part of the book is divided into chapters.

Part One

Chapter 1 describes and provides instructions for Sun Fire V490 server installation.

Part Two

Chapter 2 presents an illustrated overview of the server and a description of the server's reliability, availability, and serviceability (RAS) features.

Chapter 3 describes and illustrates major system hardware.

Chapter 4 describes the network interfaces and system firmware, including OpenBoottrademark environmental monitoring.

Chapter 5 offers conceptual information (not instructions) relating to system administration tasks.

Chapter 6 is a discussion of diagnostic tools.

Part Three

Chapter 7 provides instructions for configuring system devices.

Chapter 8 provides instructions for configuring network interfaces and
the boot drive.

Chapter 9 provides instructions for configuring system firmware.

Chapter 10 provides instructions for isolating failed parts.

Chapter 11 provides instructions for monitoring the system.

Chapter 12 provides instructions for exercising the system.


This manual also includes the following reference appendixes:

Appendix A details connector pinouts.

Appendix B provides tables of various system specifications.

Using UNIX Commands

This document might not contain information on basic UNIX® commands and procedures such as shutting down the system, booting the system, and configuring devices. Refer to the following for this information:

Typographic Conventions





The names of commands, files, and directories; on-screen computer output

Edit your.login file.

Use ls -a to list all files.

% You have mail.


What you type, when contrasted with on-screen computer output

% su



Book titles, new words or terms, words to be emphasized

Read Chapter 6 in the User's Guide.

These are called class options.

You must be superuser to do this.


Command-line variable; replace with a real name or value

To delete a file, type rm filename.

* The settings on your browser might differ from these settings.

Shell Prompts



C shell


C shell superuser


Bourne shell and Korn shell


Bourne shell and Korn shell superuser


Related Documentation



Part Number / Location

Site Planning

Site Planning Guide for Entry-Level Servers

Documentation CD

Rack installation

Sun Fire V490 Server Setup and Rackmounting Guide

Documentation CD

Sun Fire V490 Server 4-Post Rackmounting Overview

Printed, included in box

Parts installation and removal

Sun Fire V490 Server Parts Installation and Removal Guide

Documentation CD

Remote System Control (RSC) software

Sun Remote System Control (RSC) 2.2 User's Guide

Documentation CD

Sun Validation Test Suite (SunVTS) software

SunVTS 5.0 User's Guide


SunVTS 5.0 Test Reference Manual


Sun Management Center software

Sun Management Center 3.5 Installation and Configuration Guide



Sun Management Center 3.5 User's Guide


Firmware configuration

OpenBoot PROM Enhancements for Diagnostic Operation

Documentation CD

OpenBoot 4.x Command Reference Manual


Late-breaking information

Sun Fire V490 Server Product Notes



Sun Remote System Control (RSC) 2.2.2 Release Notes

Documentation CD




Accessing Sun Documentation

You can view, print, or purchase a broad selection of Sun documentation, including localized versions, at:

Third-Party Web Sites

Sun is not responsible for the availability of third-party web sites mentioned in this document. Sun does not endorse and is not responsible or liable for any content, advertising, products, or other materials that are available on or through such sites or resources. Sun will not be responsible or liable for any actual or alleged damage or loss caused by or in connection with the use of or reliance on any such content, goods, or services that are available on or through such sites or resources.

Contacting Sun Technical Support

If you have technical questions about this product that are not answered in this document, go to:

Sun Welcomes Your Comments

Sun is interested in improving its documentation and welcomes your comments and suggestions. You can submit your comments by going to:

Please include the title and part number of your document with your feedback:

Sun Fire V490 Server Administration Guide, part number 817-3951-12