The Java EE 5 Tutorial

Accessing the Web Context

The context in which web components execute is an object that implements the ServletContext interface. You retrieve the web context using the getServletContext method. The web context provides methods for accessing:

The web context is used by the Duke’s Bookstore filters HitCounterFilter and OrderFilter, which are discussed in Filtering Requests and Responses. Each filter stores a counter as a context attribute. Recall from Controlling Concurrent Access to Shared Resources that the counter’s access methods are synchronized to prevent incompatible operations by servlets that are running concurrently. A filter retrieves the counter object using the context’s getAttribute method. The incremented value of the counter is recorded in the log.

public final class HitCounterFilter implements Filter {
    private FilterConfig filterConfig = null;
    public void doFilter(ServletRequest request,
        ServletResponse response, FilterChain chain)
         throws IOException, ServletException {
        StringWriter sw = new StringWriter();
        PrintWriter writer = new PrintWriter(sw);
        ServletContext context = filterConfig.
        Counter counter = (Counter)context.
        writer.println("The number of hits is: " +