The Java EE 5 Tutorial

JMS Connections

A connection encapsulates a virtual connection with a JMS provider. A connection could represent an open TCP/IP socket between a client and a provider service daemon. You use a connection to create one or more sessions.

Connections implement the Connection interface. When you have a ConnectionFactory object, you can use it to create a Connection:

Connection connection = connectionFactory.createConnection();

Before an application completes, you must close any connections that you have created. Failure to close a connection can cause resources not to be released by the JMS provider. Closing a connection also closes its sessions and their message producers and message consumers.


Before your application can consume messages, you must call the connection’s start method; for details, see JMS Message Consumers. If you want to stop message delivery temporarily without closing the connection, you call the stop method.