In the Application Server, the system administrator and application deployer roles are expected to take primary responsibility for configuring message security. In some situations, the application developer may also contribute, although in the typical case either of the other roles may secure an existing application without changing its implementation and without involving the developer. The responsibilities of the various roles are defined in the following sections:
The application developer can turn on message security, but is not responsible for doing so. Message security can be set up by the system administrator so that all web services are secured, or set up by the application deployer when the provider or protection policy bound to the application must be different from that bound to the container.
The application developer is responsible for the following:
Determining if an application-specific message protection policy is required by the application. If so, ensuring that the required policy is specified at application assembly which may be accomplished by communicating with the application deployer.
Determining if message security is necessary at the Application Server level. If so, ensuring that this need is communicated to the system administrator, or taking care of implementing message security at the Application Server level.
The application deployer is responsible for the following:
Specifying (at application assembly) any required application-specific message protection policies if such policies have not already been specified by upstream roles (the developer or assembler)
Modifying Sun-specific deployment descriptors to specify application-specific message protection policies information (message-security-binding elements) to web service endpoint and service references
The system administrator is responsible for the following:
Configuring message security providers on the Application Server.
Managing user databases.
Managing keystore and truststore files.
Installing the sample. This is only done if the xms sample application is used to demonstrate the use of message layer web services security.
A system administrator uses the Admin Console to manage server security settings and uses a command line tool to manage certificate databases. Certificates and private keys are stored in key stores and are managed with keytool. If Network Security Services (NSS) is installed and you have selected the enterprise profile, certificates and private keys are stored in an NSS database, where they are managed using certutil. For information about profiles, see Usage Profiles in Sun Java System Application Server 9.1 Administration Guide. System administrator tasks are discussed in Chapter 10, Configuring Message Security, in Sun Java System Application Server 9.1 Administration Guide.