Stateful session beans (SFSBs) contain client-specific state. There is a one-to-one relationship between clients and the stateful session beans. At creation, the EJB container gives each SFSB a unique session ID that binds it to a client.
An SFSB’s state can be saved in a persistent store in case a server instance fails. The state of an SFSB is saved to the persistent store at predefined points in its life cycle. This is called checkpointing. If enabled, checkpointing generally occurs after the bean completes any transaction, even if the transaction rolls back.
However, if an SFSB participates in a bean-managed transaction, the transaction might be committed in the middle of the execution of a bean method. Since the bean’s state might be undergoing transition as a result of the method invocation, this is not an appropriate time to checkpoint the bean’s state. In this case, the EJB container checkpoints the bean’s state at the end of the corresponding method, provided the bean is not in the scope of another transaction when that method ends. If a bean-managed transaction spans across multiple methods, checkpointing is delayed until there is no active transaction at the end of a subsequent method.
The state of an SFSB is not necessarily transactional and might be significantly modified as a result of non-transactional business methods. If this is the case for an SFSB, you can specify a list of checkpointed methods, as described in Specifying Methods to Be Checkpointed
If a distributable web application references an SFSB, and the web application’s session fails over, the EJB reference is also failed over.
If an SFSB that uses session persistence is undeployed while the Application Server instance is stopped, the session data in the persistence store might not be cleared. To prevent this, undeploy the SFSB while the Application Server instance is running.
Select the EJB Container Availability tab.
Check the Availability Service box.
To disable availability, uncheck the box.
Change other settings as described in Availability Settings
Click on the Save button.
Restart the server instance.
To enable availability for the EJB container use the asadmin set command to set the following three properties for the configuration:
For example, if config1 is the configuration name, use the following commands:
asadmin set --user admin --passwordfile password.txt --host localhost --port 4849config1.availability-service.ejb-container-availability.availability-enabled="true"
asadmin set --user admin --passwordfile password.txt --host localhost --port 4849config1.availability-service.ejb-container-availability.sfsb-persistence-type="file"
asadmin set --user admin --passwordfile password.txt --host localhost --port 4849config1.availability-service.ejb-container-availability.sfsb-ha-persistence-type="ha"
The HADB software is supplied with the Application Server standalone distribution of Sun Java System Application Server. For information about available distributions of Sun Java System Application Server, see Distribution Types and Their Components in Sun Java System Application Server 9.1 Installation Guide. HADB features are available only in the enterprise profile. For information about profiles, see Usage Profiles in Sun Java System Application Server 9.1 Administration Guide.
The EJB Container Availability tab of the Availability Service enables you to change these settings:
HA Persistence Type: Specifies the session persistence and passivation mechanism for SFSBs that have availability enabled. Allowed values are file (the file system), replicated (memory on other servers), and ha (HADB). The default value is ha. For production environments that require session persistence, use ha or replicated.
SFSB Persistence Type: Specifies the passivation mechanism for SFSBs that do not have availability enabled. Allowed values are file (the default), replicated, and ha.
If either Persistence Type is set to file, the EJB container specifies the file system location where the passivated session bean state is stored. Checkpointing to the file system is useful for testing but is not for production environments. For information about configuring store properties, see the Admin Console online help.
HA persistence enables a cluster of server instances to recover the SFSB state if any server instance fails. HADB is also used as the passivation and activation store. Use this option in a production environment that requires SFSB state persistence. For more information, see configure-ha-cluster(1).
SFSB Store Pool Name: You can change the SFSB Store Pool Name if you changed the JDBC resource used for connections to the HADB for session persistence. For details, see configure-ha-cluster(1).
If availability is disabled, the local file system is used for SFSB state passivation, but not persistence. To change where the SFSB state is stored, change the Session Store Location setting in the EJB container. For information about configuring store properties, see the Admin Console online help.
You can enable SFSB availability for an individual application or EJB module during deployment:
If you are deploying with the Admin Console, check the Availability Enabled checkbox.
To enable availability and select methods to be checkpointed for an individual SFSB, use the sun-ejb-jar.xml deployment descriptor file. .
To enable high availability session persistence, set availability-enabled="true" in the ejb element. To control the size and behavior of the SFSB cache, use the following elements:
max-cache-size : specifies the maximum number of session beans that are held in cache. If the cache overflows (the number of beans exceeds max-cache-size), the container then passivates some beans or writes out the serialized state of the bean into a file. The directory in which the file is created is obtained from the EJB container using the configuration APIs.
For more information about sun-ejb-jar.xml, see The sun-ejb-jar.xml File in Sun Java System Application Server 9.1 Application Deployment Guide.
<sun-ejb-jar> ... <enterprise-beans> ... <ejb availability-enabled="true"> <ejb-name>MySFSB</ejb-name> </ejb> ... </enterprise-beans> </sun-ejb-jar>
If enabled, checkpointing generally occurs after the bean completes any transaction, even if the transaction rolls back. To specify additional optional checkpointing of SFSBs at the end of non-transactional business methods that cause important modifications to the bean’s state, use the checkpoint-at-end-of-method element in the ejb element of the sun-ejb-jar.xml deployment descriptor file.
The non-transactional methods in the checkpoint-at-end-of-method element can be:
create() methods defined in the home interface of the SFSB, if you want to checkpoint the initial state of the SFSB immediately after creation
For SFSBs using container managed transactions only, methods in the remote interface of the bean marked with the transaction attribute TX_NOT_SUPPORTED or TX_NEVER
For SFSBs using bean managed transactions only, methods in which a bean managed transaction is neither started nor committed
Any other methods mentioned in this list are ignored. At the end of invocation of each of these methods, the EJB container saves the state of the SFSB to persistent store.
If an SFSB does not participate in any transaction, and if none of its methods are explicitly specified in the checkpoint-at-end-of-method element, the bean’s state is not checkpointed at all even if availability-enabled="true" for this bean.
For better performance, specify a small subset of methods. The methods should accomplish a significant amount of work or result in important modification to the bean’s state.
<sun-ejb-jar> ... <enterprise-beans> ... <ejb availability-enabled="true"> <ejb-name>ShoppingCartEJB</ejb-name> <checkpoint-at-end-of-method> <method> <method-name>addToCart</method-name> </method> </checkpoint-at-end-of-method> </ejb> ... </enterprise-beans> </sun-ejb-jar>