Figure 2–6 shows the specifications implemented to secure communication between two web service endpoints and across intermediate endpoints.
In addition to the Core XML specifications, the security feature is implemented using the following specifications:
Web Services Security: This specification defines a standard set of SOAP extensions that can be used when building secure web services to implement message content integrity and confidentiality. The implementation provides message content integrity and confidentiality even when communication traverses intermediate nodes, thus overcoming a short coming of SSL. The implementation can be used within a wide variety of security models including PKI, Kerberos, and SSL and provides support for multiple security token formats, multiple trust domains, multiple signature formats, and multiple encryption technologies.
Web Services Policy: This specification provides a flexible and extensible grammar for expressing the capabilities, requirements, and general characteristics of a web service. It provides a framework and a model for the expression of these properties as policies and is a building block for Web Services Security policy.
Defines extensions to Web Services Security that provide methods for issuing, renewing, and validating security tokens used by Web services security.
Establishes, assesses the presence of, and brokers trust relationships.
Web Services Secure Conversation: This specification defines a standardized way to provide better message-level security and efficiency in multiple-message exchanges. The WSIT implementation provides basic mechanisms on top of which secure messaging semantics can be defined for multiple-message exchanges and allows for contexts to be established along with more efficient keys or new key material. This approach increases the overall performance and security of the subsequent exchanges. While the Web Services Security specification, described above, focuses on the message authentication model, it does leave openings for several forms of attacks. The Secure Conversation authentication specification defines a standardized way to authenticate a series of messages, thereby addressing the short comings of Web Services Security. With the Web Services Security Conversation model, the security context is defined as a new Web Services security token type that is obtained using a binding of Web Services Trust.
Web Services Security Policy: This specification defines a standard set of patterns or sets of assertions that represent common ways to describe how messages are secured on a communications path. The WSIT implementation allows flexibility in terms of tokens, cryptography, and mechanisms used, including leveraging transport security, but is specific enough to ensure interoperability based on assertion matching by web service clients and web services providers.