Sun Studio 12: Debugging a Program With dbx

Stopping Execution When an Address Is Accessed

To stop execution when a memory address has been accessed, type:

(dbx) stop access mode address-expression [, byte-size-expression]

mode specifies how the memory was accessed. It can be composed of one or all of the letters:


The memory at the specified address has been read.


The memory has been written to.


The memory has been executed.

mode can also contain either of the following:


Stops the process after the access (default).


Stops the process before the access.

In both cases the program counter will point at the offending instruction. The “before” and “after” refer to the side effect.

address-expression is any expression that can be evaluated to produce an address. If you give a symbolic expression, the size of the region to be watched is automatically deduced; you can override it by specifying byte-size-expression. You can also use nonsymbolic, typeless address expressions; in which case, the size is mandatory.

In the following example, execution will stop execution after the memory address 0x4762 has been read

(dbx) stop access r 0x4762

In this example, execution will stop before the variable speed has be written to:

(dbx) stop access wb &speed

Keep these points in mind when using the stop access command:

For more information on specifying an access event, see access mode address-expression [, byte-size-expression] and stop Command.