Man Page cin.3

                       Standard C++ Library
             Copyright 1998, Rogue Wave Software, Inc.



      - Controls input from a stream buffer associated  with  the
     object stdin declared in <cstdio>.


     #include <iostream>
     extern istream cin;
     istream cin;


     The object cin controls input from a stream  buffer  associ-
     ated with the object stdin declared in <cstdio>. By default,
     the standard C and C++ streams are synchronized, but you can
     improve  performance  by  using the ios_base member function
     synch_with_stdio to desynchronize them.

     After the  object  cin  is  initialized,  cin.tie()  returns
     &cout, which implies that cin and cout are synchronized.


     // cin example #1
     #include <iostream>

     void main ( )
      using namespace std;

      int i;
      float f;
      char c;

       //read an integer, a float and a character from stdin
      cin >> i >> f >> c;

       // output i, f and c to stdout

      cout << i << endl << f << endl << c << endl;

     // cin example #2
     #include <iostream>

     void main ( )
      using namespace std;

      char p[50];

       // remove all the white spaces
      cin >> ws;

       // read characters from stdin until a newline
       // or 49 characters have been read

       // output the result to stdout
      cout << p;

     When inputting "  Grendel the monster" (newline) in the pre-
     vious test, the output is "Grendel the monster". The manipu-
     lator ws removes spaces.


     basic_istream(3C++),                   basic_iostream(3C++),
     basic_filebuf(3C++),   cout(3C++),  cerr(3C++),  clog(3C++),
     wcin(3C++),    wcout(3C++),    wcerr(3C++),     wclog(3C++),
     ios_base(3C++), basic_ios(3C++)

     Working Paper for Draft Proposed International Standard  for
     Information   Systems--Programming   Language  C++,  Section


     ANSI X3J16/ISO WG21 Joint C++ Committee