Standard C++ Library Copyright 1998, Rogue Wave Software, Inc.

unique,unique_copy- Removes consecutive duplicates from a range of values and places the resulting unique values into the result.

#include <algorithm> template <class ForwardIterator> ForwardIterator unique (ForwardIterator first, ForwardIterator last); template <class ForwardIterator, class BinaryPredicate> ForwardIterator unique (ForwardIterator first, ForwardIterator last, BinaryPredicate binary_pred); template <class InputIterator, class OutputIterator> OutputIterator unique_copy (InputIterator first, InputIterator last, OutputIterator result); template <class InputIterator, class OutputIterator, class BinaryPredicate> OutputIterator unique_copy (InputIterator first, InputIterator last, OutputIterator result, BinaryPredicate binary_pred);

The unique algorithm moves through a sequence and eliminates all but the first element from every consecutive group of equal elements. There are two versions of the algorithm-one that tests for equality and a second that tests adjacent elements against a binary predicate. An element is unique if it does not meet the corresponding condition listed here: *i== *(i-1) orbinary_pred(*i, *(i-1)) ==true. If an element is unique, it is copied to the front of the sequence, overwriting the existing elements. Once all unique elements have been identified. The remainder of the sequence is left unchanged, and unique returns the end of the result- ing range. The unique_copy algorithm copies the first element from every consecutive group of equal elements to an OutputItera- tor. The unique_copy algorithm also has two versions-one that tests for equality and a second that tests adjacent elements against a binary predicate. unique_copy returns the end of the resulting range.

For unique_copy, it is exactly (last-first) -1applica- tions of the corresponding predicate are performed.

// // unique.cpp // #include <algorithm> #include <vector> #include <iostream> using namespace std; int main() { //Initialize two vectors int a1[20] = {4, 5, 5, 9, -1, -1, -1, 3, 7, 5, 5, 5, 6, 7, 7, 7, 4, 2, 1, 1}; vector<int> v(a1+0, a1+20), result; //Create an insert_iterator for results insert_iterator<vector<int> > ins(result, result.begin()); //Demonstrate includes cout << "The vector: " << endl << " "; copy(v.begin(),v.end(), ostream_iterator<int,char>(cout," ")); //Find the unique elements unique_copy(v.begin(), v.end(), ins); //Display the results cout << endl << endl << "Has the following unique elements:" << endl << " "; copy(result.begin(),result.end(), ostream_iterator<int,char>(cout," ")); return 0; } Program Output The vector: 4 5 5 9 -1 -1 -1 3 7 5 5 5 6 7 7 7 4 2 1 1 Has the following unique elements: 4 5 9 -1 3 7 5 6 7 4 2 1

If your compiler does not support default template parame- ters, then you always need to supply theAllocatortemplate argument. For instance, you need to write:vector<int,allocator<int> > instead of:vector<int> If your compiler does not support namespaces, then you do not need the using declaration forstd.