The i option of the netstat command shows the state of the network interfaces that are configured on the local system. With this option, you can determine the number of packets a system transmits and receives on each network.
The next example shows the status of IPv4 and IPv6 packet flow through the host's interfaces.
For example, the input packet count (Ipkts) that is displayed for a server can increase each time a client tries to boot, while the output packet count (Opkts) remains steady. This outcome suggests that the server is seeing the boot request packets from the client. However, the server does not know to respond to them. This confusion might be caused by an incorrect address in the hosts, ipnodes, or ethers database.
However, if the input packet count is steady over time, then the machine does not see the packets at all. This outcome suggests a different type of failure, possibly a hardware problem.
Name Mtu Net/Dest Address Ipkts Ierrs Opkts Oerrs Collis Queue lo0 8232 loopback localhost 142 0 142 0 0 0 hme0 1500 host58 host58 1106302 0 52419 0 0 0 Name Mtu Net/Dest Address Ipkts Ierrs Opkts Oerrs Collis lo0 8252 localhost localhost 142 0 142 0 0 hme0 1500 fe80::a00:20ff:feb9:4c54/10 fe80::a00:20ff:feb9:4c54 1106305 0 52422 0 0