Packet formatting – IP assembles packets into units that are known as datagrams. Datagrams are fully described in Internet Layer: Where Packets Are Prepared for Delivery.
Fragmentation – If a packet is too large for transmission over the network media, IP on the sending system breaks the packet into smaller fragments. IP on the receiving system then reconstructs the fragments into the original packet.
Oracle Solaris supports both IPv4 and IPv6 addressing formats, which are described in this book. To avoid confusion when addressing the Internet Protocol, one of the following conventions is used:
When the term “IP” is used in a description, the description applies to both IPv4 and IPv6.
When the term “IPv4” is used in a description, the description applies only to IPv4.
When the term “IPv6” is used in a description, the description applies only to IPv6.