This section describes the flow of packets from a 6to4 site to a native IPv6 site. This scenario uses the topology that is shown in Figure 11–7.
A host on 6to4 Site A sends a transmission that specifies as the destination a host at native IPv6 Site B. Each packet header has a 6to4-derived address as its source address. The destination address is a standard IPv6 address.
Site A's 6to4 router encapsulates each packet within an IPv4 header, which has the IPv4 address of the 6to4 relay router as its destination. The 6to4 router uses standard IPv4 routing procedures to forward the packet over the IPv4 network. Any IPv4 routers that the packets encounter forward the packets to the 6to4 relay router.
The physically closest anycast 6to4 relay router to Site A retrieves the packets that are destined for the 220.127.116.11 anycast group.
6to4 relay routers that are part of the 6to4 relay router anycast group have the IP address 18.104.22.168. This anycast address is the default address for 6to4 relay routers. If you need to use a specific 6to4 relay router, you can override the default and specify that router's IPv4 address.
The relay router decapsulates the IPv4 header from the 6to4 packets, revealing the native IPv6 destination address.
The relay router then sends the now IPv6-only packets onto the IPv6 network, where the packets are ultimately retrieved by a router at Site B. The router then forwards the packets to the destination IPv6 node.