pam_ldap is one authentication and account management PAM module option for LDAP. See the pam_ldap(5) man page and Appendix A, Solaris 10 Software Updates to DNS, NIS, and LDAP for more information about the features currently supported with pam_ldap.
If you have selected both the per-user mode and the self credentials option, then you must also enable the PAM Kerberos pam_krb5(5) pam modules. See pam_krb5(5) and the System Administration Guide: Security Services documentation for further details.
To configure PAM to use UNIX policy, follow the sample in Example pam.conf File for pam_ldap. Add the lines that contain pam_ldap.so.1 to the client's /etc/pam.conf file. For details, see the pam.conf(4) man page.
To configure PAM to use LDAP server_policy, follow the sample in Example pam_conf file for pam_ldap Configured for Account Management. Add the lines that contain pam_ldap.so.1 to the client's /etc/pam.conf file. In addition, if any PAM module in the sample pam.conf file specifies the binding flag and the server_policy option, use the same flag and option for the corresponding module in the client's /etc/pam.conf file. Also, add the server_policy option to the line that contains the service module pam_authtok_store.so.1.
Previously, if you enabled pam_ldap account management, all users needed to provide a login password for authentication any time they logged in to the system. Therefore, nonpassword-based logins using tools such as rsh, rlogin, or ssh would fail.
Now, however, pam_ldap(5), when used with Sun Java System Directory Servers DS5.2p4 and newer releases, enables users to log in with rsh, rlogin, rcp and ssh without giving a password.
pam_ldap(5) is now modified to perform account management and retrieve the account status of users without authenticating to Directory Server as the user logging in. The new control to this on Directory Server is 220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124, which is enabled by default.
To modify this control for other than default, add Access Control Instructions (ACI) on Directory Server:
dn: oid=126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206,cn=features,cn=config objectClass: top objectClass: directoryServerFeature oid:220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124 cn:Password Policy Account Usable Request Control aci: (targetattr != "aci")(version 3.0; acl "Account Usable"; allow (read, search, compare, proxy) (groupdn = "ldap:///cn=Administrators,cn=config");) creatorsName: cn=server,cn=plugins,cn=config modifiersName: cn=server,cn=plugins,cn=config
The binding control flag
Using the binding control flag allows a local password override of a remote (LDAP) password. For example, if a user account is found on both the local files and the LDAP namespace, the password associated with the local account takes precedence over the remote password. Thus, if the local password expires, authentication fails even if the remote LDAP password is still valid.
The server_policy option
The server_policy option instructs pam_unix_auth, pam_unix_account, and pam_passwd_auth to ignore a user found in the LDAP namespace and to allow pam_ldap to perform authentication or account validation. In the case of pam_authtok_store, a new password is passed to the LDAP server without encryption. The password is thereby stored in the directory according to the password encryption scheme configured on the server. For more information, see pam.conf(4) and pam_ldap(5).