These Kerberos enhancements are included in the Solaris 10 release. Several of the enhancements were introduced in prior Software Express releases and updated in the Solaris 10 Beta releases.
Kerberos protocol support is provided in remote applications, such as ftp, rcp, rdist, rlogin, rsh, ssh, and telnet. See the man pages for each command or daemon and the krb5_auth_rules(5) man page for more information.
Increased database consistencies across servers
The need for fewer resources (network, CPU, and so forth)
Much more timely propagation of updates
An automated method of propagation
A new script to help automatically configure a Kerberos client is now available. The script helps an administrator quickly and easily set up a Kerberos client. For procedures using the new script, see Configuring Kerberos Clients. Also, see the kclient(1M) man page for more information.
Several new encryption types have been added to the Kerberos service. These new encryption types increase security and enhance compatibility with other Kerberos implementations that support these encryption types. See Using Kerberos Encryption Types for more information. The encryption types include:
The AES encryption type can be used for high speed, high security encryption of Kerberos sessions.
ARCFOUR-HMAC provides better compatibility with other Kerberos implementations.
Triple DES (3DES) with SHA1 increases security. This encryption type also enhances interoperability with other Kerberos implementations that support this encryption type.
The encryption types are enabled through the Cryptographic Framework. The framework can provide for hardware accelerated cryptography for the Kerberos service.
The KDC software, the user commands, and user applications now support the use of the TCP network protocol. This enhancement provides more robust operation and better interoperability with other Kerberos implementations, including Microsoft's Active Directory. The KDC now listens on both the traditional UDP ports as well as TCP ports so it can respond to requests using either protocol. The user commands and applications first try UDP when sending a request to the KDC, and if that fails, then try TCP.
Support for IPv6 was added to the KDC software, which includes the kinit, klist and kprop commands. Support for IPv6 addresses is provided by default. There are no configuration parameters to change to enable IPv6 support. No IPv6 support is available for the kadmin and kadmind commands.
A new -e option has been included to several subcommands of the kadmin command. This new option allows for the selection of the encryption type during the creation of principals. See the kadmin(1M) man page for more information.
Additions to the pam_krb5 module to manage the Kerberos credentials cache by using the PAM framework. See the pam_krb5(5) man page for more information.
Support is provided for auto-discovery of the Kerberos KDC, admin server, kpasswd server, and host or domain name-to-realm mappings by using DNS lookups. This enhancement reduces some of the steps needed to install a Kerberos client. The client is able to locate a KDC server by using DNS instead of by reading a configuration file. See the krb5.conf(4) man page for more information.
A new PAM module called pam_krb5_migrate has been introduced. The new module helps in the automatic migration of users to the local Kerberos realm, if they do not already have Kerberos accounts. See the pam_krb5_migrate(5) man page for more information.
The ~/.k5login file can now be used with the GSS applications ftp and ssh. For more information, see the gss_auth_rules(5) man page.
The kproplog utility has been updated to output all attribute names per log entry. For more information, see the kproplog(1M) man page.
Strict TGT verification can now be disabled using a configuration option in the krb5.conf file. See the krb5.conf(4) man page for more information.
Extensions to the password-changing utilities enable the Solaris Kerberos V5 administration server to accept password change requests from clients that do not run Solaris software. See the kadmind(1M) man page for more information.
The default location of the replay cache has been moved from RAM-based file systems to persistent storage in /var/krb5/rcache/. The new location protects against replays if a system is rebooted. Performance enhancements were made to the rcache code. However, overall replay cache performance might be slower due to the use of persistent storage.
The replay cache can now be configured to use file or memory only storage. Refer to the krb5envvar(5) man page for more information about environment variables that can be configured for key table and credential cache types or locations.
The GSS credential table is no longer necessary for the Kerberos GSS mechanism. For more information, see Mapping GSS Credentials to UNIX Credentials or the gsscred(1M), gssd(1M), and gsscred.conf(4) man pages.
The Kerberos utilities, kinit and ktutil, are now based on MIT Kerberos version 1.2.1. This change added new options to the kinit command and new subcommands to the ktutil command. For more information, see the kinit(1) and ktutil(1) man pages.
The Solaris Kerberos Key Distribution Center (KDC) and kadmind is now based on MIT Kerberos version 1.2.1. The KDC now defaults to a btree-based database, which is more reliable than the current hash-based database. See the kdb5_util(1M) man page for more information.
The kpropd, kadmind, krb5kdc and ktkt_warnd daemons are managed by the Service Management Facility. Administrative actions on this service, such as enabling, disabling, or restarting, can be performed using the svcadm command. The service's status for all daemons can be queried using the svcs command. For an overview of the Service Management Facility refer to Chapter 18, Managing Services (Overview), in System Administration Guide: Basic Administration.