Multithreaded Programming Guide

Example of Nested Locking With a Circularly-Linked List

Example 4–6 modifies the previous list structure by converting the list structure into a circular list. Because a distinguished head node no longer exists, a thread can be associated with a particular node and can perform operations on that node and its neighbor Lock hierarchies do not work easily here because the obvious hierarchy, following the links, is circular.

Example 4–6 Circular-Linked List Structure

typedef struct node2 {
    int value;
    struct node2 *link;
    pthread_mutex_t lock;
} node2_t;

Here is the C code that acquires the locks on two nodes and performs an operation that involves both locks.

Example 4–7 Circular Linked List With Nested Locking

void Hit Neighbor(node2_t *me) {
    while (1) {
        if (pthread_mutex_trylock(&me->link->lock)!= 0) {
            /* failed to get lock */             
    me->link->value += me->value;     
    me->value /=2;