pthread_condattr_setpshared(3C) sets the scope of a condition variable to either process private (intraprocess) or system wide (interprocess).
int pthread_condattr_setpshared(pthread_condattr_t *cattr, int pshared);
#include <pthread.h> pthread_condattr_t cattr; int ret; /* all processes */ ret = pthread_condattr_setpshared(&cattr, PTHREAD_PROCESS_SHARED); /* within a process */ ret = pthread_condattr_setpshared(&cattr, PTHREAD_PROCESS_PRIVATE);
A condition variable created with the pshared attribute set in shared memory to PTHREAD_PROCESS_SHARED, can be shared among threads from more than one process.
If the mutex pshared attribute is set to PTHREAD_PROCESS_PRIVATE, only those threads created by the same process can operate on the mutex. PTHREAD_PROCESS_PRIVATE is the default value. PTHREAD_PROCESS_PRIVATE behaves like a local condition variable. The behavior of PTHREAD_PROCESS_SHARED is equivalent to a global condition variable.
pthread_condattr_setpshared() returns zero after completing successfully. Any other return value indicates that an error occurred. If the following condition occurs, the function fails and returns the corresponding value.
The value of cattr is invalid, or the pshared value is invalid.