Linker and Libraries Guide

Specifying the Link-Editor Options

Most options to the link-editor can be passed through the compiler driver command line. For the most part, the compiler and the link-editor options do not conflict. Where a conflict arises, the compiler drivers usually provide a command line syntax that you can use to pass specific options to the link-editor. You can also provide options to the link-editor by setting the LD_OPTIONS environment variable.

$ LD_OPTIONS="-R /home/me/libs -L /home/me/libs" cc -o prog main.c -lfoo

The -R and -L options are interpreted by the link-editor. These options precede any command line options that are received from the compiler driver.

The link-editor parses the entire option list for any invalid options or any options with invalid associated arguments. When either of these cases are found, a suitable error message is generated. If the error is deemed fatal, the link-edit terminates. In the following example, the illegal option -X, and the illegal argument to the -z option, are caught by the link-editor's checking.

$ ld -X -z sillydefs main.o
ld: illegal option -- X
ld: fatal: option -z has illegal argument `sillydefs'

If an option that requires an associated argument is specified twice, the link-editor produces a suitable warning and continue with the link-edit.

$ ld -e foo ...... -e bar main.o
ld: warning: option -e appears more than once, first setting taken

The link-editor also checks the option list for any fatal inconsistencies.

$ ld -dy -a main.o
ld: fatal: option -dy and -a are incompatible

After processing all options, if no fatal error conditions have been detected, the link-editor proceeds to process the input files.

See Appendix A, Link-Editor Quick Reference for the most commonly used link-editor options, and ld(1) for a complete description of all link-editor options.