Solaris 10 10/09 Release Notes

Localization Issues

This section describes localization issues that apply to Solaris 10 OS.

Swedish Software Translations Note

Swedish software translations are no longer updated since the Solaris 10 8/07 release except the ones translated by communities. Thus, updated messages are displayed in English.

Workaround: None.

Multiple Input Method Switcher Applications Appear in Trusted Java DS

When you log in to the Trusted Java DS with UTF-8 or Asian locales, the Input Method Switcher application, iiim-panel, appears per label by default. Thus in multiple label environment, multiple iiim-panel appears, which could be confusing to the user.

No error message is displayed.

Workaround: Stop using the iiim-panel. Perform the following steps:

To switch the input language, you can also use Hotkey. To enable Hotkey, perform the following steps:

Note –

When Attach to each application is selected, the language switcher list will not be displayed for GTK applications. You can switch input language by using Hotkey.

Wnn8 Japanese Input Method

Wnn8 Japanese Input method cannot be used if the Wnn8 servers are not enabled.

Workaround: Enable the Wnn8 servers:

# svcadm enable wnn8/server

In addition, select Wnn8 as the Japanese Language engine by running the iiim-properties command.

Input Method Cannot Be Enabled With Primary Administrator Rights (6475081)

A user who has the Primary Administrator right can not use the input method for specific locales which prevents that user from entering characters normally. The input method status is not displayed in the workspace. No error message is displayed.

Workaround: Add the following lines to the /etc/security/exec_attr file:

Primary Administrator:solaris:cmd:::/usr/bin/csh:uid=0;gid=0
Primary Administrator:solaris:cmd:::/usr/bin/ksh:uid=0;gid=0
Primary Administrator:solaris:cmd:::/usr/bin/sh:uid=0;gid=0

For information about the file format, see the exec_attr(4) man page.

New ChuYin Input Method Not Supported in Upgrade to IIIMF rev.12 (6492129)

When you upgrade the OS to the Solaris 10 6/06 or Solaris 10 11/06 release, the input method framework and individual input methods get upgraded from rev.10 to rev.12. However, ChuYin is not in the list of supported input methods. Also, you cannot use the function keys F2 and F3 to switch methods

Workaround: Use PinYin to type traditional Chinese characters with Hanyu PinYin. Use Ctrl+Shift to switch input methods.

AltGr Does Not Work As Mode Switcher in Some Russian Locales (6487712)

The AltGr key does not work as a mode switcher for the Russian Xsun layout inru_RU.KOI8-R and ru_RU.ANSI1251 locales.

Workaround 1: Switch to the ru_RU.UTF-8 or the ru_RU.ISO8859-5 locale.

Workaround 2: Use IIIMFTM instead of the Russian keyboard layout.

Arabic Text Not Appearing in ar Locales

If your x86 system is using Xorg as the default Xserver, the Arabic font (iso7759-6) does not appear in the ar locale. This error does not occur if you are using XSun instead of XOrg.

Workaround: Follow these steps.

  1. As superuser, edit /usr/dt/config/Xservers.

    • Uncomment or add the following line:

      :0 Local local_uid@console root /usr/openwin/bin/Xsun :0 
      -nobanner -defdepth 24
    • Comment out the following line:

      :0 Local local_uid@console root /usr/X11/bin/Xorg :0
  2. Reboot the system.

Alternatively, you can log in to ar_EG.UTF-8 or other UTF-8 locales.

Several Arabic Fonts Do Not Work in GNOME (6384024)

In GNOME when you select certain Arabic fonts, the characters do not display. This problem appears when you select fonts for applications, the desktop, or the window title using the GNOME font properties menu. The affected fonts include:

No error message is displayed.


Use any of the newly delivered Kacst family of fonts to display Arabic characters in GNOME applications.

Unable to Switch Input Language on Session-Saved Applications (6360759)

Multiple language input is supported in UTF-8 locales, but the language switch is not working with session-saved applications where mouse button 1 is clicked first after login. This problem occurs with the Java Desktop System (Java DS). No error message is displayed.


Click mouse button 1 on the background workspace or Launch Menu before clicking any application.

Keyboard Shortcuts in Mozilla in ES Locale Are Unusual and Ambiguous (6288620)

The keyboard shortcuts in Mozilla 1.7 are unusual, especially in Spanish locale. For example, Ctrl-S is being used for copying as well as for saving. No error message is displayed.


Identify the shortcut keys assigned to user actions from menu in the product.

Migration Note to UTF-8 locales

When migrating to UTF-8 locales, the files affect the method that you use to import or export data.

Microsoft Office Files

Microsoft Office files are encoded in Unicode. StarOffice applications can read and write the Unicode encoded files.

HTML Files

HTML files authored using HTML editors such as Mozilla Composer, or HTML files saved by a web browser, usually contain a charset encoding tag. After exporting or importing, you can browse such HTML files with the Mozilla Navigator web browser, or edit the files with Mozilla Composer, according to the encoding tag in the HTML file.

Fixing Broken HTML File

Some HTML files might be displayed in garbage characters. This problem is typically due to the following reasons:

To find the charset encoding tag in the HTML file, perform the following actions:

  1. Open the file with Mozilla.

  2. Press Ctrl-i, or click View to open the View menu.

  3. Click Page Info.

The charset information is in the bottom of the General tab, for example:

Content-Type text/html; charset=us-ascii

If the string charset=us-ascii does not match the actual encoding of the file, the file might appear broken. To edit the encodings of the HTML file, perform the following actions:

  1. Open the file with Mozilla Composer.

  2. Open the File menu.

  3. Select Save as Charset.

  4. Choose the correct encoding. Mozilla Composer automatically converts the encoding and the charset tag as appropriate.

Emails Saved As Portable Format

Modern mails are tagged with the MIME charset tag. The Email and Calendar application accepts MIME charset tags. You do not need to perform any encoding conversion.

Plain Text Files

Plain text files do not have a charset tag. If the files are not in UTF-8 encoding, encoding conversion is needed. For example, to convert a plain text file encoded in Traditional Chinese big5 to UTF-8, execute the following command:

iconv -f big5 -t UTF-8 inputfilename

 > outputfilename

You can also use the File System Examiner for the encoding conversion.

You can use the Text Editor to read and write character encoding text automatically or by specifying an encoding explicitly when opening or saving a file.

To start Text Editor, click Launch, then choose Applications->Accessories->Text Editor.

File Names and Directory Names

If file names and directory names using multibyte characters are not in UTF-8 encoding, encoding conversion is needed. You can use File System Examiner to convert file and directory names and the contents of plain text files from legacy character encodings to UTF-8 encoding. Refer to the online Help for File System Examiner for more information.

To start File Systems Examiner, click Launch, then choose Applications->Utilities->File System Examiner.

When you access non-UTF-8 file or directory names on Microsoft Windows via SMB using File Manager, you can access the non-UTF-8 file or directory names without encoding conversion.

Launching Legacy Locale Applications

For applications that are not ready to migrate to Unicode UTF-8, you can create a launcher on a front panel to start the application in legacy locales. You can also launch the applications directly from the command line. Perform the following steps to create a launcher for an application.

  1. Right-click on the panel where you want to place the launcher.

  2. Choose Add to Panel->Launcher.

  3. Use the following format to type the entry in the Command field in the Create Launcher dialog:

    env LANG=locale LC_ALL=
    locale application name

    For example, if you want to launch an application called motif-app from /usr/dt/bin in the Chinese Big5 locale, enter the following text in the Command field of the Create Launcher:

    env LANG=zh_TW.BIG5 LC_ALL=zh_TW.BIG5 /usr/dt/bin/motif-app
  4. Click OK to create the launcher on the panel.

When you need to run CLI (command line interface) applications which are specific to a legacy locale, open a Terminal window in the legacy locale first and then run the CLI applications in the same Terminal window. To open a Terminal window in a legacy locale, enter the following command:

eng LANG=locale LC_ALL=locale GNOME-TERMINAL –disbable-factory.

Instead of opening a new Terminal window in a legacy locale, you can switch the locale setting from UTF-8 to a legacy locale in the current Terminal window by changing the encoding the Set Character Encoding menu in the Terminal window. Then you must also set the LANG and LANG environment variables to the current shell.

Hardware for Some Keyboards Layouts Type 6 and 7 Not Available

Software support for some keyboard layouts has been added to the Solaris OS. This software gives users greater flexibility for keyboard input by modifying standard U.S. keyboard layouts to their own language needs.

Currently, no hardware is available for the following keyboard layout types:




French Canadian 









Malta UK 

Malta US 


Brazil Portuguese 


Serbia and Montenegro 



Workaround: Choose one of the following workarounds: