The Java EE 5 Tutorial

The onMessage Method

When the queue receives a message, the EJB container invokes the message listener method or methods. For a bean that uses JMS, this is the onMessage method of the MessageListener interface.

A message listener method must follow these rules:

The onMessage method is called by the bean’s container when a message has arrived for the bean to service. This method contains the business logic that handles the processing of the message. It is the message-driven bean’s responsibility to parse the message and perform the necessary business logic.

The onMessage method has a single argument: the incoming message.

The signature of the onMessage method must follow these rules:

In the SimpleMessageBean class, the onMessage method casts the incoming message to a TextMessage and displays the text:

public void onMessage(Message inMessage) {
    TextMessage msg = null;

    try {
        if (inMessage instanceof TextMessage) {
            msg = (TextMessage) inMessage;
  "MESSAGE BEAN: Message received: " +
        } else {
            logger.warning("Message of wrong type: " +
    } catch (JMSException e) {
    } catch (Throwable te) {