Sun Cluster Geographic Edition Data Replication Guide for Hitachi TrueCopy

Migrating Services That Use Hitachi TrueCopy Data Replication With a Switchover

Perform a switchover of a Hitachi TrueCopy protection group when you want to migrate services to the partner cluster in an orderly fashion. A switchover consists of the following:

This section provides the following information:

Validations That Occur Before a Switchover

When a switchover is initiated by using the geopg switchover command, the data replication subsystem runs several validations on both clusters. The switchover is performed only if the validation step succeeds on both clusters.

First, the replication subsystem checks that the Hitachi TrueCopy device group is in a valid aggregate device group state. Then, it checks that the local device group states on the target primary cluster, cluster-newyork, are 23, 33, 43, or 53. The local device group state is returned by the pairvolchk -g device-group-name -ss command. These values correspond to a PVOL_PAIR or SVOL_PAIR state. The Hitachi TrueCopy commands that are run on the new primary cluster, cluster-newyork, are described in the following table.

Table 3–1 Hitachi TrueCopy Switchover Validations on the New Primary Cluster

Aggregate Device Group State 

Valid Device Group State on Local Cluster 

Hitachi TrueCopy Switchover Commands That Are Run on cluster-newyork




Regular primary 

23, 43 

No command is run, because the Hitachi TrueCopy device group is already in the PVOL_PAIR state.

Regular secondary 

33, 53 

horctakeover -g dg [-t]

The-t option is specified when the fence_level of the Hitachi TrueCopy device group is async. The value is calculated as 80% of the Timeout property of the protection group. For example, if the protection group has a Timeout of 200 seconds, the value of -t used in this command is 80% of 200 seconds, or 160 seconds.

Takeover primary 



Takeover secondary 



Results of a Switchover From a Replication Perspective

After a successful switchover, at the data replication level the roles of the primary and secondary volumes have been switched. The PVOL_PAIR volumes that were in place before the switchover become the SVOL_PAIR volumes. The SVOL_PAIR volumes in place before the switchover become the PVOL_PAIR volumes. Data replication will continue from the new PVOL_PAIR volumes to the new SVOL_PAIR volumes.

The Local-role property of the protection group is also switched regardless of whether the application could be brought online on the new primary cluster as part of the switchover operation. On the cluster on which the protection group had a Local role of Secondary, the Local-role property of the protection group becomes Primary. On the cluster on which the protection group had a Local-role of Primary, the Local-role property of the protection group becomes Secondary.

ProcedureHow to Switch Over a Hitachi TrueCopy Protection Group From Primary to Secondary

Before You Begin

For a successful switchover, data replication must be active between the primary and the secondary clusters and data volumes on the two clusters must be synchronized.

Before you switch over a protection group from the primary cluster to the secondary cluster, ensure that the following conditions are met:

Caution – Caution –

If you have configured the Cluster_dgs property, only applications that belong to the protection group can write to the device groups specified in the Cluster_dgs property.

  1. Log in to a cluster node.

    You must be assigned the Geo Management RBAC rights profile to complete this procedure. For more information about RBAC, see Sun Cluster Geographic Edition Software and RBAC in Sun Cluster Geographic Edition System Administration Guide.

  2. Initiate the switchover.

    The application resource groups that are a part of the protection group are stopped and started during the switchover.

    # geopg switchover [-f] -m newprimarycluster protectiongroupname

    Forces the command to perform the operation without asking you for confirmation

    -m newprimarycluster

    Specifies the name of the cluster that is to be the new primary cluster for the protection group


    Specifies the name of the protection group

Example 3–1 Forcing a Switchover From Primary to Secondary

This example performs a switchover to the secondary cluster.

# geopg switchover -f -m cluster-newyork tcpg