Solaris Transition Guide


This section describes changes to debugging tools.

dbx and dbxtool

The dbx and dbxtool tools are no longer available with default system software. Enhanced versions of these tools are available as part of Sun WorkShop, an unbundled product.

adb and kadb

The adb and kadb tools are available in the Solaris 7 operating environment. They offer the same capabilities as the SunOS release 4 tools. kadb has been enhanced to recognize multiple processors. The processor ID is displayed in the kadb prompt. In the following examples, it is 0.

To make kernel debugging under the Solaris 7 operating environment easier:

Also, adb has been enhanced for 64-bit:

kadb Macros

The kadb macros described below are particularly useful with the new multithreaded kernel.

thread displays the current thread. The current thread pointer is in SPARC global register g7.

kadb[0]: <g7$<thread

threadlist shows the stack traces of all the kernel threads in the system. This can be a long list.

kadb[0]: $<threadlist

mutex shows you the address of the owning thread. The following example uses the global unsafe driver mutex.

kadb[0]: unsafe_driver$<mutex

kadb[0]: moddebug/W 0x80000000


moddebug enables you to watch module loading. See the end of <sys/modctl.h> for legal values for moddebug for debugging purposes only.

Debugging a Live Kernel

Use the following command to debug a live kernel.

# adb -k /dev/ksyms /dev/mem

/dev/ksyms is a pseudo device that contains the complete name list of the running kernel.

truss Command

truss is a new utility, provided to trace system calls performed, signals received, and machine faults incurred. It also has an option that enables entry and exit tracing of user-level function calls executed by the traced process. truss offers several significant improvements over the SunOS release 4 trace(1) command, including the ability to follow forked processes and to deal with multithreaded processes.

Also, the truss utility traces the system calls, signals, and machine faults of a process. It has been enhanced with a new option to enable entry and exit tracing of user-level function calls executed by the traced process.

The following example shows a summary of traced calls for the date command. With the -c option, truss does not display the trace line by line. Instead, it counts the system calls, signals, and faults, and displays a summary.

example% truss -c date
Fri Sep 18 14:31:30 PDT 1992
syscall      seconds   calls  errors
_exit            .00       1
read             .00       7
write            .00       1
open             .03      12
close            .00      12
time             .00       1
brk              .01       4
lseek            .00       1
fstat            .00       4
ioctl            .00       1
execve           .00       1
mmap             .01      17
munmap           .00       8
                ----     ---    ---
sys totals:      .05      70      0
usr time:        .03
elapsed:         .28

See the truss(1) man page for complete details on all truss options. There are a number of other Solaris 7 debugging tools based on proc(4) such as pmap(1).