The directory inode number entry for "." must be the first entry in the directory data block. It must reference itself; that is, its value must be equal to the inode number for the directory data block.
The directory inode number entry for ".." must be the second entry in the directory data block. Its value must be equal to the inode number of the parent directory (or the inode number of itself if the directory is the root directory).
If the directory inode numbers for "." and ".." are incorrect, fsck replaces them with the correct values. If there are multiple hard links to a directory, the first one found is considered the real parent to which ".." should point. In this case, fsck recommends you have it delete the other names.