For connection-mode service, an application can arrange for not only the data transfer, but for the establishment of the connection itself to be done asynchronously. The sequence of operations depends on whether the process is attempting to connect to another process or is awaiting connection attempts.
A process can attempt a connection and asynchronously complete the connection. The process first creates the connecting endpoint, and, using fcntl(2), configures the endpoint for non-blocking operation. As with connectionless data transfers, the endpoint can also be configured for asynchronous notification upon completion of the connection and subsequent data transfers. The connecting process then uses the t_connect(3NSL) function to initiate setting up the transfer. Then the t_rcvconnect(3NSL) function is used to confirm the establishment of the connection.
To asynchronously await connections, a process first establishes a non-blocking endpoint bound to a service address. When either the result of poll(2) or an asynchronous notification indicates that a connection request has arrived, the process can get the connection request by using the t_listen(3NSL) function. To accept the connection, the process uses the t_accept(3NSL) function. The responding endpoint must be separately configured for asynchronous data transfers.
#include <tiuser.h> int fd; struct t_call *call; fd = .../* establish a non-blocking endpoint */ call = (struct t_call *) t_alloc(fd, T_CALL, T_ADDR); .../* initialize call structure */ t_connect(fd, call, call); /* connection request is now proceeding asynchronously */ .../* receive indication that connection has been accepted */ t_rcvconnect(fd, &call);
#include <tiuser.h> int fd, res_fd; struct t_call call; fd = ... /* establish non-blocking endpoint */ .../*receive indication that connection request has arrived */ call = (struct t_call *) t_alloc(fd, T_CALL, T_ALL); t_listen(fd, &call); .../* determine whether or not to accept connection */ res_fd = ... /* establish non-blocking endpoint for response */ t_accept(fd, res_fd, call);