The second field is an optional time-to-live field. This specifies how long (in seconds) this data will be cached in the database before it is disregarded and new information is requested from a server. By leaving this field blank, the ttl defaults to the minimum time specified in the Start-Of-Authority (SOA) resource record.
If the ttl value is set too low, the server will incur a lot of repeat requests for data refreshment; if, on the other hand, the ttl value is set too high, changes in the information will not be timely distributed.
Most ttl values should be initially set to between a day (86400) and a week (604800). Then, depending on the frequency of actual change of the information, you can change the appropriate ttl values to reflect that frequency. Also, if you have some ttl values that have very high numbers because you know they relate to data that rarely changes. When you know that the data is now about to change, reset the ttl to a low value (3600 to 86400) until the change takes place. Then change it back to the original high value.
All RR's with the same name, class, and type should have the same ttl value.