When you configure a DHCP server, you must also configure at least one network in order to use the DHCP service. You can add more networks at any time.
The following task map lists tasks you need to perform when working with DHCP networks and the procedures used to carry them out.Table 4–3 Working with DHCP Networks Task Map
Where to Find Instructions
Enable or disable DHCP service on server network interfaces
The default behavior is to monitor all network interfaces for DHCP requests, but you can change this.
Add a new network to the DHCP service
Place a network under DHCP management, for the purpose of managing IP addresses on the network.
Change parameters of a DHCP-managed network
Modify the information that is passed to clients of a particular network.
Delete a network from the DHCP service
Remove a network so that IP addresses on the network are no longer managed by DHCP.
By default, both dhcpconfig and DHCP Manager's Configuration Wizard configure the DHCP server to monitor all the server system's network interfaces. If you add a new network interface to the server system, the DHCP server automatically monitors the new interface when you boot the system. You can then add any networks that will be monitored through the network interface.
However, DHCP Manager also allows you to specify which network interfaces the DHCP service should monitor and which it should ignore. You might want to ignore an interface if you do not want to offer DHCP service on that network.
If you specify that any interface should be ignored, and then install a new interface, the DHCP server ignores the new interface unless you add it to the server's list of monitored interfaces. You can specify interfaces with DHCP Manager.
This section includes a procedure that enables you to specify which network interfaces DHCP should monitor, and which to ignore. The procedure uses the Interfaces tab of the DHCP Manager's Modify Service Options dialog box, which is shown in the following figure.
Choose Modify from the Service menu.
The Modify Service Options dialog box is displayed.
Select the Interfaces tab.
Select the appropriate network interface and click the arrow buttons to move the interface to the Monitored Interfaces list or the Ignored Interfaces list.
For example, to ignore an interface, select it in the Monitored Interfaces list and click the right arrow button to move the interface in the Ignored Interfaces list.
Make sure Restart Server is selected and click OK.
When you use DHCP Manager to configure the server, the first network (usually the local one on the server system's primary interface) is also configured at the same time. If you want to configure additional networks, use the DHCP Network Wizard in DHCP Manager.
If you use dhcpconfig -D to configure the server, you must manually configure all networks that will be served by the DHCP service. See How to Add a DHCP Network (dhcpconfig) for more information.
When you configure a new network, DHCP Manager creates the following components:
Network table in the data store. The new network is shown in the network list on the Addresses tab of DHCP Manager.
Network macro that contains information needed by clients that reside on this network. The network macro's name matches the IP address of the network. The network macro is added to the dhcptab in the data store.
Click the Addresses tab in DHCP Manager.
Any networks already configured for DHCP service are listed.
Choose Network Wizard from the Edit menu.
Select options or type requested information based on the decisions you made during the planning phase.
Planning is described in Planning for Remote Network Configuration.
If you have difficulty with the wizard, click Help in the wizard window to open your web browser and display help for the DHCP Network Wizard.
Click Finish to complete the network configuration when you have finished entering the requested information.
The Network Wizard creates a network macro whose name matches the IP address of the network. If you click the Macros tab in the DHCP Manager window and select the network macro, you can confirm that the information you provided in the wizard has been inserted as values for options contained in the macro.
The Network Wizard creates an empty network table, which is listed in the left pane of the window. You must add addresses for the network before the network's IP addresses can be managed under DHCP. See Adding Addresses to the DHCP Service for more information.
Become superuser or a user assigned to the DHCP Management profile .
Type the following command on the DHCP server system:
# /usr/sbin/dhcpconfig -N network_address
where network_address is the IP address of the network you want to add to the DHCP service. See the dhcpconfig man page for suboptions you can use with the -N option.
If you do not use suboptions, dhcpconfig uses network files to obtain information it needs about the network.
Add IP addresses for the network so clients on the network can obtain addresses.
After you add a network to the DHCP service, you can modify the configuration information you originally supplied by modifying the network macro used to pass information to the clients on the network.
The following figure shows the Macros tab of the DHCP Manager.
Select the Macros tab.
All macros defined for this DHCP server are listed in the left pane.
Select the network macro whose name matches the network whose configuration you want to change.
The network macro name is the network IP address.
Choose Properties from the Edit menu.
The Macro Properties dialog box displays a table of the options included in the macro.
Select the option you want to modify.
The option name and value are displayed in text fields near the top of the dialog box.
Type the new value for the option and click Modify.
You can also add options here by clicking Select in the dialog box. See Modifying DHCP Macros for more general information about modifying macros.
Select Notify DHCP Server of Change and click OK.
The change is made to the dhcptab and the DHCP server is signaled to reread the dhcptab and put the changes into effect.
Determine which macro includes information for all clients of the network.
The network macro's name matches the network IP address.
If you don't know which macro includes this information, you can display the dhcptab database to list all macros by using the command dhtadm -P.
Type a command of the following format to change the value of the option you want to change:
# dhtadm -M -m macro-name -e 'symbol=value'
For example, to change the 18.104.22.168 macro's lease time to 57600 seconds and NIS domain to sem.west.com, type the following commands:
# dhtadm -M -m 22.214.171.124 -e 'LeaseTim=57600'
# dhtadm -M -m 126.96.36.199 -e 'NISdmain=sem.west.com'
Type the following command as root to make the DHCP daemon reread dhcptab:
# pkill -HUP in.dhcpd
DHCP Manager enables you to remove multiple networks at once. You have the option to automatically remove the hosts table entries associated with the DHCP-managed IP addresses on those networks as well. The following figure shows DHCP Manager's Delete Networks dialog box.
The pntadm command requires you to delete each IP address entry from a network before you delete that network. You can delete only one network at a time.
Select the Addresses tab.
Choose Delete Networks from the Edit menu.
The Delete Networks dialog box opens.
In the Keep Networks list, select the networks you want to delete.
Press the Control key while you click with the mouse to select multiple networks, or press the Shift key while you click to select a range of networks.
Click the right arrow button to move the selected networks to the Delete Networks list.
If you want to remove the host table entries for the DHCP–managed addresses on this network, select Delete Host Table Entries.
Note that this does not delete the host registrations at the DNS server for these addresses. It affects only the local name service.
Note that this procedure deletes the addresses on the network before removing the network. This ensures that the host names are removed from the hosts file or database.
On the server system, become superuser or a user assigned to the DHCP Management profile .
Type a command following this format to remove an IP address and its host name from the name service:
# pntadm -D -y IP-address
For example, to remove address 188.8.131.52, type the following command:
# pntadm -D -y 184.108.40.206
The -y option specifies to delete the host name.
Repeat the pntadm -D -y command for each address in the network.
You might want to create a script to do this if you are deleting many addresses.
After all addresses are deleted, type the following command to delete the network from the DHCP service.
# pntadm -R network-IP-address
For example, to remove network 220.127.116.11, type the following command:
# pntadm -R 18.104.22.168
See the pntadm man page for more information about using pntadm.