Start the DHCP client – The command ifconfig interface dhcp start initiates the interaction between the DHCP client and DHCP server to obtain an IP address and a new set of configuration options. This might be useful when you change information that you want a client to use immediately, such as when you add IP addresses or change the subnet mask.
Request network configuration information only – The command ifconfig interface dhcp inform causes dhcpagent to issue a request for network configuration parameters, with the exception of the IP address. This is useful for situations where the network interface has a valid IP address, but the client system needs updated network options. For example, this might be useful if you do not use DHCP to manage IP addresses, but do use it to configure hosts on the network.
Request a lease extension – The command ifconfig interface dhcp extend causes dhcpagent to issue a request to renew the lease. This happens automatically, but you might want to use this command if you change the lease time and want clients to use the new lease time immediately rather than waiting for the next attempt at lease renewal.
Release the IP address – The command ifconfig interface dhcp release causes dhcpagent to relinquish the IP address used by the network interface. This happens automatically when the lease expires. You might want to issue this command if the lease time is long and you need to take down the network interface for an extended period of time or you want to remove the system from the network.
Drop the IP address – The command ifconfig interface dhcp drop causes dhcpagent to take down the network interface without informing the DHCP server that it is doing so. This enables the client to use the same IP address when it reboots.
If an IP address has been bound to the client
Number of requests sent, received, and declined
If this is the primary interface
Times when the lease was obtained, when it expires, and when attempts to renew it will or did start
# ifconfig hme0 dhcp status Interface State Sent Recv Declined Flags hme0 BOUND 1 1 0 [PRIMARY] (Began, Expires, Renew) = (08/16/2000 15:27, 08/18/2000 13:31, 08/17/2000 15:24)