The persistent store can contain, among other information, message files that are being temporarily stored. Since these messages may contain proprietary information, it is important to secure the data store against unauthorized access. This section describes how to secure data in a file-based or JDBC-based data store.
A broker using file-based persistence writes persistent data to a flat-file data store whose location is platform-dependent (see Appendix A, Platform-Specific Locations of Message QueueTM Data):
where instanceName is a name identifying the broker instance.
The instanceName/fs350/ directory is created when the broker instance is started for the first time. The procedure for securing this directory depends on the operating system platform on which the broker is running:
On Solaris and Linux, the directory’s permissions are determined by the file mode creation mask (umask) of the user who started the broker instance. Hence, permission to start a broker instance and to read its persistent files can be restricted by setting the mask appropriately. Alternatively, an administrator (superuser) can secure persistent data by setting the permissions on the instances directory to 700.
On Windows, the directory’s permissions can be set using the mechanisms provided by the Windows operating system. This generally involves opening a Properties dialog for the directory.
A broker using JDBC-based persistence writes persistent data to a JDBC-compliant database. For a database managed by a database server (such as Oracle), it is recommended that you create a user name and password to access the Message Queue database tables (tables whose names start with IMQ). If the database does not allow individual tables to be protected, create a dedicated database to be used only by Message Queue brokers. See the documentation provided by your database vendor for information on how to create user name/password access.
The user name and password required to open a database connection by a broker can be provided as broker configuration properties. However it is more secure to provide them as command line options when starting up the broker, using the imqbrokerd command’s -dbuserand -dbpassword options (see Broker Utility).
For an embedded database that is accessed directly by the broker via the database’s JDBC driver, security is usually provided by setting file permissions on the directory where the persistent data will be stored, as described above under Securing a File-Based Store To ensure that the database is readable and writable by both the broker and the Database Manager utility, however, both should be run by the same user.