The Java Message Service (JMS) API uses two kinds of administered objects:
Connection factories, objects that allow an application to create other JMS objects programmatically
Destinations, which serve as the repositories for messages
These objects are created administratively, and how they are created is specific to each implementation of JMS. In the Application Server, perform the following tasks:
Create a connection factory by creating a connection factory resource
Create a destination by creating two objects:
A physical destination
A destination resource that refers to the physical destination
JMS applications use the JNDI API to access the connection factory and destination resources. A JMS application normally uses at least one connection factory and at least one destination. To learn what resources to create, study the application or consult with the application developer.
There are three types of connection factories:
QueueConnectionFactory objects, used for point-to-point communication
TopicConnectionFactory objects, used for publish-subscribe communication
ConnectionFactory objects, which can be used for both point-to-point and publish-subscribe communications; these are recommended for new applications
There are two kinds of destinations:
Queue objects, used for point-to-point communication
Topic objects, used for publish-subscribe communication
The chapters on JMS in the J2EE 1.4 Tutorial provide details on these two types of communication and other aspects of JMS (see http://java.sun.com/j2ee/1.4/docs/tutorial/doc/index.html).
The order in which the resources are created does not matter.
For a J2EE application, specify connection factory and destination resources in the Application Server deployment descriptors as follows:
Specify a connection factory JNDI name in a resource-ref or an mdb-connection-factory element.
Specify a destination resource JNDI name in the ejb element for a message-driven bean and in the message-destination element.
Specify a physical destination name in a message-destination-link element, within either a message-driven element of an enterprise bean deployment descriptor or a message-destination-ref element. In addition, specify it in the message-destination element. (The message-destination-ref element replaces the resource-env-ref element, which is deprecated in new applications.) In the message-destination element of an Application Server deployment descriptor, link the physical destination name with the destination resource name.