Sun Java System Messaging Server 6.3 Administration Guide IDENT Lookups

Keywords: identnone, identnonelimited, identtnonnumeric, identnonesymbolic, identtcp, identtcpnumeric, identtcpsymbolic, identtcplimited

The IDENT keywords control how the MTA handles connections and lookups using the IDENT protocol. The IDENT protocol is described in RFC 1413.

The identtcp, identtcpsymbolic, and identtcpnumeric keywords tell the MTA to perform a connection and lookup using the IDENT protocol. The information obtained from the IDENT protocol (usually the identity of the user making the SMTP connection) is inserted into the Received: header of the message as follows:

Note –

The remote system must be running an IDENT server for the IDENT lookup caused by identtcp, identtcpsymbolic, or identtcpnumeric to be useful.

Be aware that IDENT query attempts may incur a performance hit. Increasingly routers will “black hole” attempted connections to ports that they don’t recognize. If this happens on an IDENT query, then the MTA does not hear back until the connection times out (a TCP/IP stack controlled time-out, typically on the order of a minute or two).

Another performance factor occurs when comparing identtcp, indenttcplimited, or identtcpsymbolic to identtcpnumeric. The DNS reverse lookup called for with identtcp, identtcplimited, or identtcpsymbolic incurs some additional overhead to obtain the more user-friendly host name.

The identnone keyword disables IDENT lookup, but does specify IP to host name translation, and both IP number and host name will be included in the Received: header for the message.

The identnonesymbolic keyword disables IDENT lookup, but does do IP to host name translation; only the host name will be included in the Received: header for the message.

The identnonenumeric keyword disables this IDENT lookup and inhibits the usual DNS reverse lookup translation of IP number to host name, and might result in a performance improvement at the cost of less user-friendly information in the Received: header. This is the default.

The identtcplimited and identnonelimited keywords have the same effect as identtcp and identnone, respectively, as far as IDENT lookups, reverse DNS lookups, and information displayed in Received: header. Where they differ is that with identtcplimited or identnonelimited the IP literal address is always used as the basis for any channel switching due to use of the switchchannel keyword, regardless of whether the DNS reverse lookup succeeds in determining a host name.