In addition to the high availability solutions discussed in the previous section, you can use enabling techniques and technologies to improve both availability and performance. These techniques and technologies include load balancers, Sun Java System Directory Proxy Server, and replica role promotion.
You can use load balancers to ensure the functional availability of each tier in your architecture, providing high availability of the entire end-to-end system. Load balancers can be either a dedicated hardware appliance or a strictly software solution.
Load balancing is the best way to avoid a single application instance, server, or network as a single point of failure while at the same time improving the performance of the service. One of the primary goals of load balancing is to increase horizontal capacity of a service. For example, with a directory service, load balancers increase the aggregate number of simultaneous LDAP connections and LDAP operations per second that the directory service can handle.
Sun Java System Directory Proxy Server (formerly Sun ONE Directory Proxy Server) provides many proxy type features. One of these features is LDAP load balancing. Though Directory Proxy Server might not perform as well as dedicated load balancers, consider using it for failover, referral following, security, and mapping features.
See the Directory Proxy Server documentation for more information:
Directory Server includes a way of promoting and demoting the replica role of a directory instance. This feature enables you to promote a replica hub to a multi-master supplier or vice versa. You can also promote a consumer to the role of replica hub and vice versa. However, you cannot promote a consumer directly to a multi-master supplier or vice versa. In this case, the consumer must first become a replica hub and then it can be promoted from a hub to a multi-master replica. The same is true in the reverse direction.
Replica role promotion is useful in distributed deployments. Consider the case when you have six geographically dispersed sites. You would like to have a multi-master supplier at each site but are limited to only one per site for up to four sites. If you put at least one hub at each of the other two sites, you could promote them if one of the other multi-master suppliers is taken offline or decommissioned for some reason.
See the Directory Server documentation for more information: